4. Facts and Figures
4.1 Alongside the artistic and educational achievements of the Companies described above, this Annual Report also details the financial performance of each Company in the financial years 2016/17 and 2017/18 and their reach geographically. This year continued to be a successful one for all the Companies, demonstrated through the information detailed within the tables below, and through the individual Company Annual Reports published each year and available from Companies House.
4.2 Funding for the National Performing Companies was allocated as follows:
|Company||2016/17 (£m)||2017/18 (£m)|
|National Theatre of Scotland||£4.17||£4.17|
|Royal Scottish National Orchestra||£3.96||£3.96|
|Scottish Chamber Orchestra||£1.99||£1.99|
International Touring Fund ( ITF)
4.3 Each Company was eligible to apply to the dedicated International Touring Fund of £350,000, with requests from the companies totalling £751,155 in 2016/17 and £547,500 in 2017/18. This Fund was used to support the Companies’ performing activities overseas, with priority given for tours to areas of significance to the Scottish Government. Funding was approved as below:
|National Theatre of Scotland||£96,000||£44,000|
|Royal Scottish National Orchestra||£80,000||£80,000|
|Scottish Chamber Orchestra||£114,000||£16,000|
4.4 This funding facilitated the following touring opportunities:
- National Theatre of Scotland: £56,000 to take The James Plays to Toronto and £40,000 to take Let the Right One In to the USA;
- Royal Scottish National Orchestra: £80,000 for the USA tour (in combination with the funding detailed below);
- Scottish Chamber Orchestra: £114,000 towards the European tour (in combination with the funding detailed below);
- Scottish Ballet: £60,000 to take Highland Fling to the USA and to support a youth exchange project (in combination with the funding detailed below).
- National Theatre of Scotland: £44,000 to take The Strange Undoing of Prudentia Hart to New York and Anything That Gives off Light to tour the USA;
- Royal Scottish National Orchestra: £80,000 for the USA tour and Northern Europe;
- Scottish Chamber Orchestra: £16,000 towards the European tour;
- Scottish Opera: £110,000 to take Greek to New York and to support education work in the Far East;
- Scottish Ballet: £100,000 to take Highland Fling and Motion of Displacement/ Ten Poems/ Sinfonietta Giocosato the USA.
4.5 In 2016/17 £19,000 was made available to the Royal Scottish National Orchestra to facilitate the live streaming of the St Andrews Day concert. In addition, the Scottish Chamber Orchestra received £100,000 development funding for the new IMPACT centre and a commitment of £10m capital funding as part of the Edinburgh and South East Scotland City Region Deal.
4.6 In 2017/18 £45,300 was made available to each of the National Performing Companies for small-scale capital projects including office facilities, instruments and technical equipment. In addition, two collaborative capital projects were supported through £69,000 for new shared trailers and orchestra seating.
4.7 2017/18 saw heavy impact to business for many of the Companies due to severe weather in February and March 2018. A grant of £60,000 was made available to help offset pressures due to cancelled concerts and events.
4.8 To further business support, a loan of £4m for Scottish Ballet was also agreed to be provided in 2016/17 from Scottish Government. Further details on this are available at http://www.gov.scot/Topics/ArtsCultureSport/arts/Sponsored-bodies/NationalPerformingCompanies/NationalPerformingCompanies.
4.9 In 2016/17 the five Companies had a combined income of £41.86m of which 54% was received from Scottish Government revenue and project funding. In 2017/18 the Companies had a combined income of £36.92m, of which 63% was received from Scottish Government revenue and project funding. These figures do not include Scottish Government capital project income.
4.10 Of earned income, £18.6 in 2016/17 and £13.8 in 2017/18 was generated by the Companies from performances, education work, merchandising and fundraising, orchestra or theatre tax credit and from other public grants. Box office and performance fees accounted for £11.2m (27% of total turnover of all the Companies) in 2016/17, and £7.2m (19%) in 2017/18.
4.11 Income from charitable donations and commercial sponsorship remained steady at 1% (£4m) of turnover in 16/17 and 12% (£4.3m) in 2017/18. Income from local authorities remained static at 1% of turnover over both years.
4.12 A summary breakdown of income as a percentage of overall turnover for all the Companies is shown below:
|Income||Total (£m) 2016/17||Percentage of total turnover||
|Percentage of total turnover|
|Total box office income||10.65||25%||6.7||18%|
|Education income (fees)||0.51||1%||0.46||1%|
|Sponsorship and fundraising||4.09||10%||4.29||12%|
|Local authority core||0.27||1%||0.25||1%|
|Local authority project||0.004||0%||0||0%|
|Other grant / tax credit income||2.2||5%||1.2||3%|
|Scottish Government core||22.49||54%||22.49||61%|
|Scottish Government project||0.88||2%||0.57||2%|
|Total income across all five National Performing Companies||41.9||36.9|
4.13 In 2016/17 the five Companies expended a total of £35.73m, in comparison to £37.08m in 2017/18. A high proportion of this spend went directly into the purchase of goods, services and activity which contribute directly to the Scottish economy, i.e. through contracts with Scottish companies and suppliers.
4.14 As touring Companies, these organisations make a significant contribution to the economy of the local areas into which they travel, achieving both financial investment and equality of opportunity across the country. The Companies are major employers, and between them employed, or engaged, on average 363 people each year, across the two years. The Companies are leading investors in the training and skills development of Scottish-based creative individuals at all levels, be they of school-age, in higher education, professionals or in the community. They also invest in the training and skills development of Scotland’s technical, administrative and producing talent.
4.15 As arts organisations, all five of the National Performing Companies are concerned to invest as much of their resources as possible into support for artists and the creative process. In 2016/17, £27m (76% of turnover) and 2017/18 £26.6m (70% of turnover) was spent across all the Companies directly on putting work onto stages and into education events for audiences and participants. This work was supported by marketing and fundraising activity to an average value of 10% of total spend across both years.
4.16 A summary breakdown of expenditure as a percentage of overall spend for all the Companies is shown below:
|Percentage of total turnover||
|Percentage of total turnover|
|Productions and performances||24.9||70%||24.2||65%|
|Sponsorship and fundraising||1.2||4%||1.4||5%|
|Total expenditure across all five National Performing Companies||35.7||
4.17 The National Performing Companies are all committed to delivering their work across the whole of Scotland. This work includes medium to large scale work in our towns and cities, and a range of smaller projects which are delivered to smaller communities in their schools and halls. Across the two years of this report their work was delivered in all the local authority areas.
4.18 The programme of work by the Companies changes annually so major community projects will influence the scale of activity in local authority areas. Additionally it is known that people regularly travel from their own local authority area to engage with cultural provision being delivered by the Companies in another area.
4.19 Overall, the number of people attending a performance, or participating in an education event was 578,885 in 2017/18 and 737,861 in 2016/17. The number of performances and education events each Company produces each year will vary according to repertoire, venue availability, annual touring patterns, relationships with partners and stakeholders, and funding from schemes and projects. A comparison of attendance figures from year to year may not tell the whole story of any one Company’s output and impact.
Breakdown of attendance by Company
||Total no. of performances 2016/17||Total no. of education events 2016/17|
||Total audience and participation levels 2016/17|
||Total no. of performances 2017/18||Total no. of education events 2017/18|
||Total audience and participation levels 2017/18|
4.20 All data is drawn from information supplied by the Companies at the end of each year as part of their annual review and completion of Schedule 1 of their grant award letters. Education participations records a participant in an education programme each time they attend a session, this figure therefore includes some repeat visits.