Publication - Progress report

Annual energy statement 2019

Published: 15 May 2019
Energy and Climate Change Directorate
Part of:
Economy, Energy

Update on progress and plans for delivering Scotland's energy strategy.

34 page PDF

490.5 kB

34 page PDF

490.5 kB

Annual energy statement 2019
3. Energy Targets and Statistics

34 page PDF

490.5 kB

3. Energy Targets and Statistics

Energy Strategy Targets - Dashboard

The Equivalent of 50% of the Energy for Scotland's heat, transport and electricity consumption to be supplied from renewable sources.

An increase by 30% in the productivity of energy use across the Scottish economy.

Energy Strategy Targets

All Renewable Energy target - 50% by 2030:

20% in 2017 - an increase from 16.0% in 2016.

The equivalent of powering and heating approx.1.8 million households in Scotland.

Energy productivity - 30% increase by 2030:

Energy productivity has increased by 0.3% between 2015 and 2017.This is an increase from £0.954m GVA per GWh consumed in 2015 to £0.957 per GWh consumed in 2017.

Renewable Electricity

Equivalent of 100% of Scotland's electricity demand to be generated from renewable sources by 2020:

74.6% in 2018 - another record year for renewable electricity in Scotland.

The equivalent of powering all households in Scotland for more than two-and-a-half years.

Much of this increase has come from a 0.74 GW rise in offshore and onshore wind capacity compared to 2017. Total installed capacity of all renewable electricity sources was 10.9 GW by the end of 2018.

Renewable Heat

11% of non-electrical heat demand to come from renewable sources by 2020:

Scotland produced 5.9% of its non-electrical heat demand from renewable sources in 2017. This was an increase from4.7% in 2016.

Renewable Transport

9.75% share of renewable fuels in transport petrol and diesel consumption by 2020, and 12.4% by 2032:

4.0% share of road fuels in the UK as a whole in 2018.[1]

Energy Consumption

12% reduction in the amount of energy consumed annually by 2020, from a baseline of 167,032 GWh averaged across 2005-07

13.9% reduction in 2017.

Energy Key Statistics

Economic Activity

  • The energy sector generated £41.9 billion in turnover for Scotland in 2016.

Renewables and Low Carbon

  • 51.7% of electricity generated in Scotland was generated by renewable technologies, compared to just 29.3% for the UK as a whole (or 25.6% for the rest of the UK, excluding Scotland).
  • The vast majority of Scotland's renewable generation comes from wind - 71.8% of all renewable electricity in 2018
  • Scotland's installed capacity of renewable electricity has increased from 1.4 GW in 2000 to 10.9 GW in 2018, with a further 12.6 GW of capacity either under construction, awaiting construction or in planning.
  • In 2017, approx. 4,800 GWh of renewable heat was generated in Scotland, equivalent of supplying over 350,000 Scottish homes with gas for the year.
  • 11,349 Ultra Low Emission Vehicles (ULEVs) were licenced in Scotland in December 2018, up more than 3,800 from numbers seen in 2017.
  • In 2017, the Scottish low carbon and renewable energy sector supported over 46,000 jobs, and generated over £11 billion in turnover.

Innovative Local Energy Systems

  • The Strategy set a target for community and locally-owned renewables - 1 GW of capacity by 2020 (having been increased from the original target of 0.5 GW that was met five years early) and 2 GW by 2030. There was 0.7 GW of capacity operational in June 2018, with a further 0.6 GW in the pipeline.

Energy Efficiency

  • Compared to a 2005-07 baseline, energy consumption in Scotland in 2016 decreased by an estimated 31.8% in the industrial sector, 20.1% in the domestic sector, 2.7% in transport but has increased by 17.7% in the commercial sector.
  • In 2017 electricity consumption decreased in Scotland by 17.6% compared to 2005-07, the reduction being enough to power 1.3 million Scottish households for a year.
  • Heat demand dropped by 18.6% from 2005-07 to 2016, but has risen by 1.4% in the last two years.
  • Scottish households are becoming more energy efficient; in 2017, 42% achieved at least a band C in its energy performance certificate, up from 35% in 2014.

Consumer Engagement and Protection

  • Electricity prices have risen by more than 50% in 'real terms'[2] for Scottish consumers compared to the early 2000s, with prices for standard credit customers increasing the most (by 78.2% since 2003).
  • Gas prices have increased at a faster rate than electricity prices. Compared to 2001, average prices for prepayment customers have increased by 66% and direct debit and standard credit customers' bills have almost doubled.
  • Prices for gas have, however, dropped in comparison with levels seen five years ago.
  • One quarter (24.9%) of Scottish households in 2017 were estimated to be in fuel poverty, the lowest rate recorded since 2005/06. There are, however, differences across Scotland in terms of the proportion of homes in fuel poverty. In the period 2015-2017, the fuel poverty rate varied from 17% in City of Edinburgh to 57% in Orkney Islands.
  • Almost one in five (18.6%) Scottish consumers switched their electricity supplier in 2018.

System Security

  • Scotland had almost 9 GW of non-intermittent[3] electricity capacity (including 3 GW secure import capability) available in 2017/18 (excluding wind and solar) - sufficient to meet Scotland's peak demand, which was 5.3 GW in the winter of 2017/18.

Oil and Gas

  • The oil and gas sector was worth an estimated £16.2 billion in gross value added to Scotland's economy in 2018, representing 9.1% of total Scottish GDP (including a geographical share of UK Extra Regional activity), and supporting approx. 110,000 jobs in Scotland.
  • Oil and gas makes up 92.7% of Scotland's primary energy. (which includes indigenous production and imports) Of this total, 82.3% of Scotland's oil and gas is exported - worth £17.4 billion in turnover in 2017.
  • Oil and gas (i.e. hydrocarbons) makes up 78.0% of all energy consumption, and hydrocarbons meet 90.5% of all heat demand and almost all energy consumption in transport. This hydrocarbon dependency is a characteristic of energy consumption in most European nations.