Annual energy statement 2019

Update on progress and plans for delivering Scotland's energy strategy.

3. Energy Targets and Statistics

Energy Strategy Targets - Dashboard

The Equivalent of 50% of the Energy for Scotland's heat, transport and electricity consumption to be supplied from renewable sources.

An increase by 30% in the productivity of energy use across the Scottish economy.

Energy Strategy Targets

All Renewable Energy target - 50% by 2030:

20% in 2017 - an increase from 16.0% in 2016.

The equivalent of powering and heating approx.1.8 million households in Scotland.

Energy productivity - 30% increase by 2030:

Energy productivity has increased by 0.3% between 2015 and 2017.This is an increase from £0.954m GVA per GWh consumed in 2015 to £0.957 per GWh consumed in 2017.

Renewable Electricity

Equivalent of 100% of Scotland's electricity demand to be generated from renewable sources by 2020:

74.6% in 2018 - another record year for renewable electricity in Scotland.

The equivalent of powering all households in Scotland for more than two-and-a-half years.

Much of this increase has come from a 0.74 GW rise in offshore and onshore wind capacity compared to 2017. Total installed capacity of all renewable electricity sources was 10.9 GW by the end of 2018.

Renewable Heat

11% of non-electrical heat demand to come from renewable sources by 2020:

Scotland produced 5.9% of its non-electrical heat demand from renewable sources in 2017. This was an increase from4.7% in 2016.

Renewable Transport

9.75% share of renewable fuels in transport petrol and diesel consumption by 2020, and 12.4% by 2032:

4.0% share of road fuels in the UK as a whole in 2018.[1]

Energy Consumption

12% reduction in the amount of energy consumed annually by 2020, from a baseline of 167,032 GWh averaged across 2005-07

13.9% reduction in 2017.

Energy Key Statistics

Economic Activity

  • The energy sector generated £41.9 billion in turnover for Scotland in 2016.

Renewables and Low Carbon

  • 51.7% of electricity generated in Scotland was generated by renewable technologies, compared to just 29.3% for the UK as a whole (or 25.6% for the rest of the UK, excluding Scotland).
  • The vast majority of Scotland's renewable generation comes from wind - 71.8% of all renewable electricity in 2018
  • Scotland's installed capacity of renewable electricity has increased from 1.4 GW in 2000 to 10.9 GW in 2018, with a further 12.6 GW of capacity either under construction, awaiting construction or in planning.
  • In 2017, approx. 4,800 GWh of renewable heat was generated in Scotland, equivalent of supplying over 350,000 Scottish homes with gas for the year.
  • 11,349 Ultra Low Emission Vehicles (ULEVs) were licenced in Scotland in December 2018, up more than 3,800 from numbers seen in 2017.
  • In 2017, the Scottish low carbon and renewable energy sector supported over 46,000 jobs, and generated over £11 billion in turnover.

Innovative Local Energy Systems

  • The Strategy set a target for community and locally-owned renewables - 1 GW of capacity by 2020 (having been increased from the original target of 0.5 GW that was met five years early) and 2 GW by 2030. There was 0.7 GW of capacity operational in June 2018, with a further 0.6 GW in the pipeline.

Energy Efficiency

  • Compared to a 2005-07 baseline, energy consumption in Scotland in 2016 decreased by an estimated 31.8% in the industrial sector, 20.1% in the domestic sector, 2.7% in transport but has increased by 17.7% in the commercial sector.
  • In 2017 electricity consumption decreased in Scotland by 17.6% compared to 2005-07, the reduction being enough to power 1.3 million Scottish households for a year.
  • Heat demand dropped by 18.6% from 2005-07 to 2016, but has risen by 1.4% in the last two years.
  • Scottish households are becoming more energy efficient; in 2017, 42% achieved at least a band C in its energy performance certificate, up from 35% in 2014.

Consumer Engagement and Protection

  • Electricity prices have risen by more than 50% in 'real terms'[2] for Scottish consumers compared to the early 2000s, with prices for standard credit customers increasing the most (by 78.2% since 2003).
  • Gas prices have increased at a faster rate than electricity prices. Compared to 2001, average prices for prepayment customers have increased by 66% and direct debit and standard credit customers' bills have almost doubled.
  • Prices for gas have, however, dropped in comparison with levels seen five years ago.
  • One quarter (24.9%) of Scottish households in 2017 were estimated to be in fuel poverty, the lowest rate recorded since 2005/06. There are, however, differences across Scotland in terms of the proportion of homes in fuel poverty. In the period 2015-2017, the fuel poverty rate varied from 17% in City of Edinburgh to 57% in Orkney Islands.
  • Almost one in five (18.6%) Scottish consumers switched their electricity supplier in 2018.

System Security

  • Scotland had almost 9 GW of non-intermittent[3] electricity capacity (including 3 GW secure import capability) available in 2017/18 (excluding wind and solar) - sufficient to meet Scotland's peak demand, which was 5.3 GW in the winter of 2017/18.

Oil and Gas

  • The oil and gas sector was worth an estimated £16.2 billion in gross value added to Scotland's economy in 2018, representing 9.1% of total Scottish GDP (including a geographical share of UK Extra Regional activity), and supporting approx. 110,000 jobs in Scotland.
  • Oil and gas makes up 92.7% of Scotland's primary energy. (which includes indigenous production and imports) Of this total, 82.3% of Scotland's oil and gas is exported - worth £17.4 billion in turnover in 2017.
  • Oil and gas (i.e. hydrocarbons) makes up 78.0% of all energy consumption, and hydrocarbons meet 90.5% of all heat demand and almost all energy consumption in transport. This hydrocarbon dependency is a characteristic of energy consumption in most European nations.



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