Information

Animal Health Act 1981: expenditure and prosecutions - 2017

This statutory return is collated and laid before the Scottish Parliament in accordance with Section 80 of the Animal Health Act 1981. The report covers expenditure incurred and prosecutions taken under the Animal Health Act 1981, and incidences of disease in imported animals for the year 2017.


Animal Health Act 1981: Expenditure and Prosecutions – 2017

Annual return made under section 80 of the Animal Health Act 1981

This statutory return is required to be made and laid before Parliament in accordance with Section 80 of the Animal Health Act 1981 and includes data relating to Scotland only.

A separate report has been compiled by the Department of Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) and the Welsh Government for their respective functions.

This return is compiled from information supplied to the Scottish Government and while every effort is made to ensure its accuracy, this cannot be guaranteed.

Scottish Government
Agriculture and Rural Economy Directorate
March 2018

Prosecutions under the Animal Health Act 1981 in 2017

There were no prosecutions in 2017.

Compensation paid for animals slaughtered to prevent the spread of animal diseases in 2017

Type of Disease Amount
Bovine tuberculosis £415,050
Less receipts from salvage of carcasses £24,444
Total Net Compensation Paid £390,606

Notes: All figures have been rounded up to the nearest pound.

Number of imported animals found to be affected by a notifiable disease in 2017

Legislation Type of Animal Number Point of Origin Type of Disease Methods of Disposal
The Tuberculosis (Scotland) Order 2007 Heifer 1 Northern Ireland Bovine Tuberculosis Slaughter

Formal enforcement actions under the Animal Health Act 1981 and other animal health and welfare legislation by local authorities in 2017

Convictions achieved under the Animal Health Act 1981 and other animal health and welfare legislation

Relevant Act, Order or Regulation Nature of offence Result (when known) Decision (including imprisonment, fine etc.)
Animal Health and Welfare (Scotland) Act 2006 Animal welfare Guilty April 2017 Disqualified from keeping livestock for 10 years, 300 hours of unpaid work community pay back order.
Animal Health and Welfare (Scotland) Act 2006 Animal welfare and welfare in transit January 2017 Issued with a Procurator Fiscal Warning
Cattle Identification (Scotland) Regulations 2007 Failure to notify death February 2017 Pending
Animal Health and Welfare (Scotland) Act 2006 Unnecessary suffering February 2017 Pending
Welfare of Farmed Animals (Scotland) Regulations 2010 Keeping calf alone February 2017 Pending
Cattle Identification (Scotland) Regulations 2007 Cattle identification and animal welfare July 2017 Issued with a Procurator Fiscal Warning
Animal Health and Welfare (Scotland) Act 2006 Failure to provide a suitable diet, environment, to protect animals from injury, suffering and disease in relation to cattle and sheep. Guilty The Procurator Fiscal asked the local authority to monitor the farm for a year before deciding on a sentence. Sentencing is scheduled for 3/09/18.
The Animal By-Products (Enforcement) (Scotland) Regulations 2013 Failure to collect, identify and transport Animal By-Products namely 6 sheep skeletons without undue delay. Failure to dispose of 6 sheep skeletons Guilty The Procurator Fiscal asked the local authority to monitor the farm for a year before deciding on a sentence. Sentencing is scheduled for 3/09/18.
The Animal By-Products (Enforcement) (Scotland) Regulations 2013 Failure to collect, identify and transport Animal By-Products namely 2 cattle carcases and 6 sheep carcases without undue delay. Failure to dispose of 6 sheep carcases and 2 cattle carcases Guilty The Procurator Fiscal asked the local authority to monitor the farm for a year before deciding on a sentence. Sentencing is scheduled for 3/09/18.

Number of visits and enforcement action taken

Category Subcategory Number of visits Oral or Written Advice Written Notification Warnings Formal written Notices Reported to Procurator Fiscal Other
Welfare (see note 1) Farm 2450 393 101 11 3 35
Welfare Transport 1035 118 37 0 1 0
Welfare Market 756 282 65 0 0 0
Traceability Identification, Movement, and Records 2393 137 121 0 0 4
Biosecurity (see note 2) Farm and Transport 842 21 2 0 0 1
Biosecurity Market 187 13 0 0 0 0
Animal By-Products and Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies (TSE) Visits and interventions 272 69 30 1 1 2

Notes:

1. This is the number of welfare visit undertaken which were programmed, part of planned interventions, or projects, or in response to complaints

2. This is the number of visits where biosecurity has been considered separately, outwith a general market or farm visit.

Number of complaints, service requests and livestock animals inspected

Category Total
Number of animal health and welfare complaints made to Service (see note 1) 938
Number of service requests made to Service (see note 2) 1858
Livestock animals inspected (see note 3) 929,972

Notes:

1. This is the number of requests or complaints received which have required action or investigation by local authority animal health and welfare officers.

2. This figure includes request for service from consumers (not complaints), businesses and other agencies.

3. This is the total number of animals which were inspected or assessed in markets and other premises or holdings. This will include animals inspected for fitness, identification or health at markets and does not require that an examination takes place.

Summary of alternative enforcement interventions taken

  • Scottish Markets and Sales;
  • Royal Highland Show;
  • Regional Agricultural Shows;
  • Training courses;
  • Joint visits with SSPCA and APHA;
  • Pony Clubs;
  • NFUS;
  • AgriScot;
  • Transporters;
  • Vet Practices;
  • Knackery;
  • Hunt Kennel; and
  • Puppy imports

Notes: Alternative interventions are recorded to highlight additional work and areas covered. This may include attendance at agricultural shows, NFUS meetings; joint initiatives with APHA, police, Scottish Government Rural Payments and Inspections Division (SGRPID); leaflets and information etc.

Key Performance Measure

High Risk Visits
Average of high risk programmed visits inspected 95 %

Notes: This is the figure for High Risk agricultural premises visited by local authorities but also includes visits that have not been carried out as a result of these premises being visited by APHA staff as part of their pre-planned visit plan. As a result this prevents penalising local authorities who are using a joined-up approach to prevent double visits by different enforcers for similar purposes.

Definitions

Oral or Written advice: There is little difference whether the advice is written or oral. If it is advice and for enforcement purposes, should be grouped together. This would also be useful as it gives an indication of the level of complaint businesses.

Written correspondence or warnings: This indicates that there is a need for improvements following the intervention of animal health and welfare officers. This includes all letters and written notifications issued by the officer or the service which require improvements or actions to be taken.

Formal written notices: This should include any formal statutory Notices which are issued under the Animal Health Act 1981, or other animal health and welfare Regulations or Orders.

Reported to Procurator Fiscal: We should record the number of cases reported to Procurator Fiscal as this is not the same as the prosecution reports. There may well be cases which are not progressed by the Crown or they may issue a fiscal warning. It would be helpful to determine this as it will provide an overview on the work of Wildlife and Environmental Crime Unit.

Other: This includes Notices issued by the Sheriff including disposal orders in terms of livestock seizures.

Contact

Email: animal.health@gov.scot

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