1 Unconventional oil and gas deposits are contained in impermeable rocks, such as shale or coal deposits. In these cases, the oil or gas cannot easily flow through the reservoir. To extract the oil and gases, techniques such as hydraulic fracturing (commonly referred to as fracking) or coal bed methane dewatering are used. https://www.gov.scot/publications/unconventional-oil-and-gas-position-statement/
3 Position as of 30 April 2019. The Scottish Government has committed to achieving net-zero emissions for all greenhouse gases as soon as possible and to setting a target date for this as soon as it can be done credibly and responsibly. Advice from the Committee on Climate Change on Scottish, UK and Welsh targets is expected on 02 May 2019. If the Committee advise that Scotland can now go even further than the targets in the Climate Change Bill, in light of the IPCC report or more being done at a UK level, the Scottish Government has committed to act on that advice.
6 Paragraph 235 of Scottish Planning Policy (2014) refers. Available online at https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-planning-policy/
8 Within the meaning of the Environmental Assessment (Scotland) Act 2005.
9 As explained in the judgment of Lord Pentland, 19 June 2018: https://www.scotcourts.gov.uk/docs/default-source/cos-general-docs/pdf-docs-for-opinions/2018csoh66.pdf?sfvrsn=0