Aquaculture - Acoustic Deterrent Device (ADD) use: parliamentary report

Report to the Scottish Parliament on the use of acoustic deterrent devices by the Scottish aquaculture sector at finfish farms as required by section 15 of the Animals and Wildlife (Penalties, Protection and Powers) (Scotland) Act 2020.


1. Producers in warning over seal predation threat – Fish Farmer Magazine

2. Salmon farmer's £5.7m investment to protect stock and seals paying off

3. Seal blinds are thicker netting which covers the bottom of nets to disguise dead fish.

4. For the purpose of preventing serious damage to fisheries or finfish farms.

5. Marine European protected species: protection from injury and disturbance

6. In the case of sub-paragraphs (a) to (d) the appropriate authority is the relevant nature conservation body, while Scottish Ministers are the appropriate authority for (e) to (g).

7. In some limited cases Scottish Government provide planning consent.

8. Method used to identify key seal haul-out sites in Scotland for designation under the Marine (Scotland) Act Section 117

9. Guidance on Haul-Outs

10. Scotland's National Marine Plan

11. An HRA is also required where there is potential for proposed activity to affect qualifying features of a SAC or a SPA.

12. To note that the consent granted on behalf of Scottish Ministers is solely for the operation of finfish farms using equipment which was in place prior to the responsibility for marine aquaculture developments transferring to local authorities (and in a limited number of additional circumstances). Any equipment placed in the water since then would require planning permission from the local authority in accordance with the regular process.

13. Harassment is defined within section 3(18)(A) of the MMPA as including "any act of pursuit, torment or annoyance which – (i) has the potential to a injure a marine mammal or marine mammal stock in the wild; or (ii) has the potential to disturb a marine mammal or marine mammal stock in the wild by causing disruption of behavioural patterns, including, but not limited to, migration, breathing, nursing, breeding, feeding, or sheltering."

14. Animal Health and Welfare (Scotland) Act 2006: guidance



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