On 31 January 2011, Part 6 of the Marine (Scotland) Act 2010 came into force.
Part 6 seeks to balance seal conservation with sustainable fisheries and aquaculture and its introduction means that:
- it is an offence to kill or injure a seal except under licence or for welfare reasons, outlawing unregulated seal shooting that was permitted under previous legislation
- a number of seal conservation areas around Scotland will begin to be introduced, designed to protect vulnerable, declining Common Seal populations
- a new seal licensing system, providing a well-regulated and monitored context for seal management in Scotland, has been introduced
The documents in the sub-collections below comprise information, guidance and forms relating to these developments.
The following two graphs show:
- the comparison between the numbers requested in seal management applications and the actual numbers granted by Marine Scotland from 2011 to 2018
- the comparison between the numbers granted in the licence against actual numbers shot from 2011 to 2018
About seal licensing and the seal management system
General and background information.
Frequently asked questions about Scotland's seal management system, published in June 2015.
- Marine licensing: map of seal management areas and provisional PBR
- Marine licensing: seal licensing privacy notice
Applying for a licence
All fisheries and fish farms that wish to manage seal predation must apply for an annual seal licence using one of the forms listed below. Applicants should read the accompanying guidance notes.
Applicants are also required to follow the code of practice (updated September 2018) and to be aware of Scotland's seal management areas.
The annual licensing round runs from 01 October to 31 October for applications for the following license period, whcih runs from from February to January.
The Scottish Seal Management Code of Practice is aimed primarily at licence holders and their nominated marksmen who have a requirement to manage seals to prevent serious damage to their fisheries, fish stocks or catches, or to protect the health and welfare of farmed fish.
- Marine licensing: applying for a license to shoot seals to protect the health and welfare of farmed fish
- Marine licensing: applying for a license to shoot seals to prevent serious damage
- Marine licensing: example seal license applications
Records of licences issued
Yearly records of the numbers of seal license applications processed since the introduction of the scheme.
Excel spreadsheets containing detailed breakdowns of the returns from license holders.
Return forms for members of the public involved in the Scottish Government's seal management scheme.
- Marine licensing: statutory seal licence reporting forms
- Marine licensing: seals killed to alleviate suffering
Reviews of the seal licensing system
Under Section 129 of the Marine (Scotland) Act 2010 a report on a review of the operation of the seal licensing system was required within 5 years of Section 110 of the Act coming into force on 1 September 2010.
In 2015 a report was published that considered all aspects of the seal licensing system during the period from 2011-14.
In 2020, the second review of the seal licensing system was published, covering the period from 2015 to 2020.
The Marine (Scotland) Act 2010 imposes a duty on licence applicants to report the number of seals taken under licence and all seals killed to alleviate suffering on a quarterly basis. To do so, please complete the appropriate forms and return them to:
Marine Scotland Planning & Policy
Area 1 A South