Scottish Annual Business Statistics 2016

A National Statistics Publication for Scotland.

Scotland’s Chief Statistician today released Scottish Annual Business Statistics (SABS) 2016.

The publication includes financial and employment statistics on businesses operating in Scotland, by industry sector, local authority area and business ownership.  The statistics cover the non-financial business economy and are best suited to analyses of individual industries.  The financial sector, parts of the agricultural sector and parts of the public sector are not included in the SABS data.   

The main findings include:

In 2016, approximate Gross Value Added (GVA) in the services sector amounted to £49.8 billion, compared to £12.7 billion in manufacturing and £7.1 billion in the construction sector.  The remaining sectors covered by SABS (dominated by oil/gas extraction and utilities sectors) accounted for £13.7 billion of Scotland’s non-financial business economy.

Between 2015 and 2016, manufacturing GVA increased by £610 million (+5.0 per cent).  However, GVA in the services sector decreased by £4.2 billion (-7.7 per cent), GVA in the construction sector decreased by £63 million (-0.9 per cent) and GVA for the remaining sectors, covered by SABS, decreased by £443 million (-3.1 per cent).  The latest figures underline the impact that the downturn in the oil and gas sector has had on supply chain sectors (particularly in the services sectors in the North East of Scotland).  

In 2016, within the services sector, the two largest contributions to GVA came from: retail trade at £5.9 billion (11.9 per cent of total services GVA) and wholesale trade at £4.2 billion (8.4 per cent).

In 2016, within manufacturing, the two largest contributions to GVA came from: the beverages sector at £2.1 billion (16.8 per cent of total manufacturing GVA) and food products at £1.6 billion (12.9 per cent). The local authority areas contributing most to total GVA within the manufacturing sector were Fife (9.0 per cent), Aberdeen City (8.0 per cent) and Glasgow City (7.0 per cent).

The figures released today were produced in accordance with professional standards set out in the Code of Practice for Official Statistics.


The full statistical publication is available at:

The Scottish Annual Business Statistics (SABS) are based on the Annual Business Survey (ABS) conducted by the Office for National Statistics (ONS). Summary 2016 data, for all regions and countries within the UK, were published by ONS on 18 May 2018 and are available at:

The results published today present more detailed 2016 figures for Scotland, with revised figures for 2015. 

The latest SABS results include the first release of GVA and Turnover data for the Scottish Government’s Growth Sectors.  Data for the Growth Sectors, covering the period from 2008 to 2016, are summarised at:

Further information on Business and Enterprise statistics within Scotland can be accessed at:

Official statistics are produced in accordance with professional standards – more information on the standards of official statistics in Scotland can be accessed at:

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