News

Civil Justice Statistics in Scotland 2016-17

Published: 28 Aug 2018 09:30

An Official Statistics Publication for Scotland.

The latest civil justice statistics, published by Scotland’s Chief Statistician today (Tuesday 28 August), show that 73,640 civil law cases were initiated across the Court of Session, sheriff courts and the Sheriff Personal Injury Court in 2016-17 (excluding summary applications). This is a drop of 5% from the previous year but represents a decrease of 44% since the beginning of the statistical time series in 2008-09. The number of cases initiated in 2016-17 is the lowest since 2008-09.

Compared to the previous year, the number of cases initiated in the Court of Session decreased by 48%. This overall decrease was driven by a 74% decrease in the number of personal injury cases initiated in the Court of Session, as a consequence of the establishment of the Sheriff Personal Injury Court under the Courts Reform (Scotland) Act 2014. In comparison, the number of cases initiated in the sheriff courts also decreased although by a lower proportion of 5%.

Following a consistent decrease since 2008-09, there has been a small increase in family cases of 3% from the previous year. However, the long term trend is a decrease of 11%. Divorce / dissolution cases and parental responsibilities and rights cases together accounted for 95% of family cases in 2016-17.

Debt cases made up 42% of all civil court cases initiated in 2016-17. There were 12% fewer debt cases than in 2015-16 and 54% fewer than in 2008-09.

The number of personal injury cases initiated in the civil courts was 4% lower than in 2015-16, but the number of personal injury cases has fluctuated markedly since 2008-09. Cases resulting from a road traffic accident made up the majority of personal injury cases (59% in 2016-17).

The number of damages cases initiated increased by 22% compared to the previous year. However, long-term they are on a downward trend, having fallen by 39% since 2008-09.

There was a 6% drop in initiated cases of repossession following a breach of a mortgage or loan secured on a property compared to 2015-16. This continues a long-term downward trend (83% decrease since 2008-09).

Initiated cases involving eviction of tenants from a rented property decreased by 3% in 2016-17, this was in contrast to a consistent increase in the previous three years. However, overall the number of cases are still 28% lower than in 2008-09.

Background

The full Civil Justice Statistics in Scotland 2016-17 release is available at

http://www.gov.scot/Topics/Statistics/Browse/Crime-Justice/civil-judicial-statistics/

and statistics tables are published at

http://www.gov.scot/Topics/Statistics/Browse/Crime-Justice/Datasets/DatasetsCJS

This release provides an overview of civil law court cases by theme, including trends in family disputes, debt, personal injury, damages, repossession and eviction cases since 2008-09, together with a breakdown of the number of cases that were found in favour of the pursuer or otherwise, and whether they were defended or undefended.

These statistics are used to inform a wide range of policy and decision-making including, for example, modernising the civil courts. These statistics also inform the public about the business of Scottish courts.

The statistics released today were produced in accordance with professional standards set out in the Code of Practice for Official Statistics.