Publication - Statistics

Coronavirus (COVID-19): Justice Analytical Services data report - July 2020

Second release of a monthly data report on how the COVID-19 pandemic has affected the justice system in Scotland, including information from Police Scotland, Crown Office and Procurator Fiscal Service, courts and prisons.

32 page PDF

1.1 MB

32 page PDF

1.1 MB

Contents
Coronavirus (COVID-19): Justice Analytical Services data report - July 2020
Recorded Crime in Scotland

32 page PDF

1.1 MB

Recorded Crime in Scotland

The recorded crime figures presented below exclude crimes recorded under the coronavirus legislation.

July 2020

Crime and offences in 2020 remains below 2019 levels

The number of crimes recorded in July 2020 was 7% lower than in July 2019, while the number of offences was 5% lower than in July 2019.

Bar chart showing the number of crimes and offences recorded in July 2020 compared to July 2019.

Since last year, three crime and offence groups have seen a reduction while the other four are at higher levels.

Other crimes were 10% higher (or 609 crimes). Driven by rises in Crimes against public justice (up 34%, or 571 crimes) and Handling offensive weapons crimes (up 18%, or 150 crimes).

Sexual crimes were also higher (8%, or 86 crimes), due to a rise in Rape and attempted rape (up 42%, or 76 crimes) and Other sexual crimes (up 9%, or 45 crimes).

Bar chart showing the number of crimes recorded in July 2020, by crime group compared to July 2019.

April to July 2020

Since April 2020, crime has remained below 2019 levels

When looking across April to July 2020, the volume of crime recorded by the police may be returning to similar levels as seen in 2019.

Across this period 78,599 crimes were recorded. This was 8% lower than April to July last year (85,639 crimes recorded).

When comparing to previous months, crime in 2020 has remained fairly stable since May.

Bar chart showing the percentage change in recorded crime since 2019 for April to July 2020.

*The recorded crime figures presented here exclude crimes recorded under the new coronavirus legislation.

The biggest drivers of the reduction across April to July were Shoplifting, Other theft and Vandalism etc.

The Changes in levels of recorded fraud section in the latest bulletin provides further background on what may be contributing to this change.

The biggest drivers of the 8% reduction over April to July (by volumes) were:

Shoplifting
41% (or 4,624 crimes)

Other theft
21% (or 3,035 crimes)

Vandalism etc.
17% (or 2,622 crimes)

The biggest increases of this period were in:

Crimes against public justice
36% (or 2,353 crimes)

Fraud
60% (or 2,107 crimes)

Further Information:

The data in this section comes from the monthly Official Statistics on crimes and offences recorded by the police in Scotland during the COVID-19 pandemic.
For more information, please see Recorded Crime in Scotland: July 2020.

Coronavirus legislation intervention activity

This information is drawn from Police Scotland's 'Coronavirus Interventions' application, which relies on manual input from Police Officers. Due to this manual input, this figures should be viewed as indicative only.

This system currently provides the broadest picture of the differing levels of co-operation experienced by Police across Scotland.

The use of interventions have fallen since last month

Total use of interventions is down by almost nine tenths (88%) since the previous month.

A large spike in interventions was seen on 25th June, following a large scale disturbance in Kelvingrove Park.

Chart showing the number of coronavirus related interventions by Police Scotland per day since 30th March.

COVID-19 Intervention Actvity in July

In July, almost all interventions made were dispersals. This remains consistent with previous months.

Pie chart showing the types of coronavirus related interventions used by the police in July 2020.

Of the remaining 1% of interventions:

  • 3 were dispersed using reasonable force
  • 9 were issued a Fixed Penalty Notice (FPN)
  • 6 were arrested

Further Information:

A full breakdown of interventions is available from Police Scotland:
https://www.scotland.police.uk/about-us/covid-19-police-scotland-response/enforcement-and-response-data/

Police Recorded Domestic Abuse Incidents

The number of Domestic Abuse incidents recorded in July 2020 was above the level seen in 2019.

These updates (including the proportion with a crime or offence) will be reflected in future editions of the Official Statistics on Domestic Abuse in Scotland. The next edition will cover the 2019-20 reporting year.

Looking cumulatively across April to July 2020, incidents were 9% higher than the equivalent period in 2019.

Bar chart showing the number of domestic abuse incidents per month between April to July 2020 with comparable figures from 2019.

In July 2020:

5,769 Domestic incidents recorded Up 8% since last year (5,358 incidents)

In April to July 2020:

23,021 Domestic incidents recorded Up 9% since last year (21,210 incidents)

The proportion of April to July 2020 incidents that include the recording of at least one crime or offence was 43.0%. Police Scotland's Management Information Report suggests an equivalent figure of 43.9% for 2019-20.

In addition to the above, separate figures on crimes recorded under the Domestic Abuse (Scotland) Act 2018 are available from the Recorded Crime in Scotland monthly Official Statistics. There were 518 such crimes recorded by the police in April to July 2020, compared to 565 during the equivalent period in 2019 (down 8%).

Police Recorded Domestic Abuse Incidents per 10,000 population

Across Scotland as a whole, the police recorded 42 domestic abuse incidents per 10,000 population during April to July 2020.

The local authorities with the highest rates were Dundee City (61), West Lothian (55) and Clackmannanshire (54).

Map highlighting which Local Authorities have a higher rate of domestic abuse incidents recorded between April to July 2020 than the national average

Further Information:

The data in this section comes from the monthly Official Statistics on crimes and offences recorded by the police in Scotland during the COVID-19 pandemic.
For more information, please see Recorded Crime in Scotland: July 2020.


Contact

Email: Justice_Analysts@gov.scot