National Guidance for Child Protection in Scotland: Guidance for Health Professionals in Scotland

This guidance is intended to act as a practical reference point for all healthcare staff working within an adult and child service context.

It highlights the specific roles and responsibilities of specialist staff working in particular settings wherever children and young people will usually be seen.

It sets out the framework to aid practitioners in their role in dealing with child protection concerns.


Appendix 6 References

Useful Documents

HMiE - Practice Examples:
http://www.hmie.gov.uk/GoodPractice/Materials.aspx?theme=44&topic=405

References

The Unseen Child

Brandon, M., Bailey, S., Belderson, P., Gardner, R., Sidebotham, P., Dodsworth, J., Warren, C. & Black, J. (2009) Understanding Serious Case Reviews and their Impact. A Biennnial Analysis of Serious Case Reviews 2005-2007. Department for Children, Schools and Families, London. Brandon, M., Sidebotham, P., Ellis, C., Bailey, S. & Belderson, P. (2011) Child and Family Practitioners' Understanding of Child Development: Lessons Learnt from a Small Sample of Serious Case Reviews. Department for Education, London.

Sidebotham, P., Brandon, M., Bailey, R., Belderson, P. & Hawley, C. (2011) Setting Serious Case Review Data in Context with other Data on Violent and Maltreatment-Related Deaths in 2009-10. Department for Education, London.

Sidebotham, P., Brandon, M., Powell, C., Solebo, C., Koistinen, J. & Ellis, C. (2010) Learning from Serious Case Reviews. Report of a Research Study on the Methods of Learning Lessons Nationally from Serious Case Reviews. Department for Education, London.

Brandon, M., Bailey, S., Belderson, P., Gardner, R., Sidebotham, P., Dodsworth, J., Warren, C. & Black, J. (2009) Understanding Serious Case Reviews and their Impact. A Biennnial Analysis of Serious Case Reviews 2005-2007. Department for Children, Schools and Families, London.

Brandon, M., Sidebotham, P., Ellis, C., Bailey, S. & Belderson, P. (2011) Child and Family Practitioners' Understanding of Child Development: Lessons Learnt from a Small Sample of Serious Case Reviews. Department for Education, London.

Sidebotham, P., Brandon, M., Bailey, R., Belderson, P. & Hawley, C. (2011) Setting Serious Case Review Data in Context with other Data on Violent and Maltreatment-Related Deaths in 2009-10. Department for Education, London.

Sidebotham, P., Brandon, M., Powell, C., Solebo, C., Koistinen, J. & Ellis, C. (2010) Learning from Serious Case Reviews. Report of a Research Study on the Methods of Learning Lessons Nationally from Serious Case Reviews. Department for Education, London.

High Risk Families

ACMD (2003). Hidden Harm. Responding to the Needs of Children of Problem Drug Users: The Report of an Inquiry London: Advisory Council on the Misuse of Drugs (ACMD)

ACMD (2007). Hidden Harm - update London: Advisory Council on the Misuse of Drugs (ACMD)

Aldridge, J. (2006). The experiences of children living with and caring for parents with mental illness. Child Abuse Review, 15(2), 79-88.

Bair-Merritt, M.H., Blackstone, M., & Feudtner, C. (2006). Physical health outcomes of childhood exposure to intimate partner violence: a systematic review. Pediatrics, 117(2), 278-290.

Bancroft, A., & Wilson, S. (2007). The 'risk gradient' in policy on children of drug and alcohol users: Framing young people as risky. Health, Risk &; Society, 9(3), 311-322.

Black, D.A., Smith Slep, A.M., & Heyman, R.E. (2001). Risk factors for child physical abuse. Aggression and Violent Behaviour, 6, 121-188.

Brandon, M., Belderson, P., Warren, C., Howe, D., Gardner, R., Dodsworth, J., & Black, J. (2008). Analysing Child Deaths and Serious Injury through Abuse and Neglect: What can we Learn? A Biennial Analysis of Serious Case Reviews 2003-2005 London: Department for Children, Schools and Families

Brandon, M., Bailey, S., Belderson, P., Gardner, R., Sidebotham, P., Dodsworth, J., Warren, C., & Black, J. (2009). Understanding Serious Case Reviews and their Impact. A Biennnial Analysis of Serious Case Reviews 2005-2007 London: Department for Children, Schools and Families

Britner, P.A., & Reppucci, N.D. (1997). Prevention of child maltreatment: Evaluation of a parent education program for teen mothers. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 6(2), 165-176.

Buckley, H., Holt, S., & Whelan, S. (2007). Listen to me! Children's experiences of domestic violence. Child Abuse Review, 16, 296-310.

Burghes, L., & Brown, M. (1995). Single Lone Mothers: Problems, Prospects, and Policies London: Family Policy Studies Centre

Cawson, P., Wattam, C., Booker, S., & Kelly, G. (2000). Child Maltreatment in the United Kingdom: a Study of the Prevalence of Child Abuse and Neglect. London: NSPCC.

Chaffin, M., Kelleher, K., & Hollenberg, J. (1996). Onset of physical abuse and neglect: Psychiatric, substance abuse, and social risk factors from prospective community data. Child Abuse & Neglect, 20(3), 191-203.

Cleaver, H., Unell, I., & Aldgate, J. (1999). Children's Needs-Parenting Capacity: The Impact of Parental Mental Illness, Problem Alcohol and Drug Use and Domestic Violence on Children's Development London: The Stationary Office

Cleaver, H., Nicholson, D., & Tarr, S. (2006). What works? The response of children protection practices and procedures to children exposed to domestic violence of drug and alcohol within their families. London: Royal Holloway, University of London.

Connelly, C.D., & Straus, M.A. (1992). Mothers age and risk for physical abuse. Child Abuse and Neglect, 16, 709-718.

Coohey, C., & Braun, N. (1997). Toward an integrated framework for understanding child physical abuse. Child Abuse & Neglect, 21, 1081-1094.

Coulton, C.J., Korbin, J.E., Su, M., & Chow, J. (1995). Community level factors and child maltreatment rates. Child development, 66, 1262-1276.

Crnic, K.A., & Greenberg, M.T. (1990). Minor parenting stresses with young children. Child Development, 61, 1628-1637.

Curenton, S.M., McWey, L.M., & Bolen, M.G. (2009). Distinguishing maltreating versus nonmaltreating at-risk families: Implications for foster care and early childhood education interventions. Families in Society, 90(2), 176-182.

Dixon, L., Browne, K., & Hamilton-Giachritis, C. (2005). Risk factors of parents abused as children: a mediational analysis of the intergenerational continuity of child maltreatment (Part I). Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 46(1), 47-57.

Duncan, R.D., Saunders, B.E., Kilpatrick, D.G., Hanson, R.F., & Resnick, H.S. (1996). Childhood physical assault as a risk factor for PTSD, depression, and substance abuse: findings from a national survey. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 66, 437-448.

Forrester, D. (2000). Parental substance misuse and child protection in a British sample. A Survey of children on the Child Protection Register in an Inner London District Office. Child Abuse Review 9(4), 235-246.

Forrester, D., & Harwin, J. (2006). Parental substance misuse and child care social work: findings from the first stage of a study of 100 families. Child & Family Social Work, 11(4), 325-335.

Forrester, D. (2007). Patterns of re-referral to social services: a study of 400 closed cases. Child & Family Social Work, 12(1), 11-21.

Furstenberg, F.F., Brooks-Gunn, J., & Morgan, S.P. (1987). Adolescent Mothers in Later Life Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Galvani, S. (2004). Responsible disinhibition: Alcohol, men and violence to women. Addiction Research and Theory, 12(4), 357-371.

Garbarino, J., & Kostelny, K. (1992). Child maltreatment as a community problem. Child Abuse & Neglect, 16(4), 455-464.

Harris, & Dersch, D. (2001). "I'm Just Not Like that": Investigating the intergenerational cycle of violence. The Family Journal, 9, 250-258.

Herrenkohl, E.C., Herrenkohl, R.C., Egolf, B.P., & Russo, M.J. (1998). The relationship between early maltreatment and teenage parenthood. Journal of Adolescence, 21(3), 291-303.

Hester, M., Westmarland, N., Gangoli, G., Wilkinson, M., O'Kelly, C., Kent, A., & Diamond, A. (2006). Domestic Violence Perpetrators: Identifying Needs to Inform Early Intervention. Bristol: University of Bristol in association with the Northern Rock Foundation and the Home Office.

Hester, M., Pearson, C., & Harwin, N. (2007). Making an Impact. Children and Domestic Violence. A Reader London: Jessica Kingsley

HMCPSI, & HMIC (2004). Violence at Home London: TSO

Holt, S., Buckley, H., & Whelan, S. (2008). The impact of exposure to domestic violence on children and young people: A review of the literature. Child Abuse & Neglect 32, 797-810.

Hooper, C.-A., Gorin, S., Cabral, C., & Dyson, C. (2007). Living with Hardship 24/7: The Diverse Experiences of Families in Poverty in England London: Frank Buttle Trust

Hudson, F., & Ineichen, B. (1991). Taking it Lying Down: Sexuality and Teenage Motherhood Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire: Macmillan

Humphreys, C., & Thiara, R. (2002). Routes to Safety: Protection issues facing abused women and children and the role of outreach service Bristol: Women's Aid Federation England

Humphreys, C., Regan, L., River, D., & Thiara, R.K. (2005). Domestic violence and substance use: Tackling complexity. British Journal of Social Work, 35(8), 1303-1320.

Johnson, C.F. (2002). Child maltreatment 2002: recognition, reporting and risk. Pediatrics International, 44, 554-560.

Katz, I. (2007). The Relationship Between Parenting and Poverty. York: Joseph Rowntree Foundation.

Kaufman, J., & Zigler, E. (1987). Do abused children become abusive parents? American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 57(2), 186-192.

Kennedy, I. (2010). Getting it Right for Children and Young People: Overcoming Cultural Barriers in the NHS so as to Meet Their Needs London: Department of Health

Kotagal, U.R. (1993). Newborn consequences of teenage pregnancies. Pediatric Annals, 22(2), 127-132.

Kroll, B., & Taylor, A. (2003). Parental substance misuse and child welfare.

Kroll, B. (2004). Living with an elephant: Growing up with parental substance misuse. Child & Family Social Work, 9(2), 129-140.

Kroll, B. (2007). A family affair? Kinship care and parental substance misuse: some dilemmas explored. Child & Family Social Work, 12(1), 84-93.

Lazenbatt, A., Devaney, J., & Bunting, L. (2009). An Evaluation of the Case Management Review Process in Northern Ireland Belfast: NSPCC Northern Ireland Policy and Research Unit

MacMillan, H., Fleming, J., Streiner, D., Lin, E., Boyle, M., Jamieson, E., Duku, E., Walsh, C., Wong, M., & Beardslee, W. (2001). Childhood abuse and lifetime psychopathology in a community sample. American Journal of Psychiatry, 158, 1878-1883.

Manning, V., Best, D.W., Faulkner, N., & Titherington, E. (2009). New estimates of the numbers of children living with substance misusing parents: Results from UK national household surveys. BMC Public Health, 9(377).

Milner, J.S., Robertson, K.R., & Rogers, D.L. (1990). Childhood history of abuse and adult child abuse potential. Journal of Family Violence, 5(1), 15-34.

Montgomery, P., Gardner, F., Bjornstad, G., & Ramchandani, P. (2009). Systematic Reviews of Interventions Following Physical Abuse: Helping Practitioners and Expert Witnesses Improve the Outcomes of Child Abuse. London: Department for Children, Schools and Families.

Moore, S., & Rosenthal, D. (1993). Sexuality in Adolescence London: Routledge

Mullender, A., Hague, G., Iman, U., Kelly, L., Malos, E., & Regan, L. (2002). Children's Perspectives on Domestic Violence London: Sage

O'Connor, T.G., Davies, L., Dunn, J., & Golding, J. (2000). Distribution of accidents, injuries, and illnesses by family type. Pediatrics, 106(5).

Office of National Statistics (2001). Psychiatric Morbidity Survey London: ONS

Osofsky, J.D., Hann, D.M., and Peebles, C. (1993). Adolescent Parenthood: Risks and Opportunities for Parents and Infants. In C.H. Zeanah (Ed.), Handbook of Infant Mental Health New York: Guilford Press.

Povey, E., Coleman, K., Kaiza, P., Hoare, C., & Jansson, K. (2008). Home Office Statistical Bulletin: Crime in England and Wales 2006/07. Supplementary Volume 2 to Crime in England and Wales 2006/07 London: TSO

Radford, L., Corral, S., Bradley, C., Fisher, H., Bassett, C., Howat, N., & Collishaw, S. (2010). The maltreatment and victimisation of children in the UK: NSPCC report on a national survey of young peoples', young adults' and caregivers' experiences London: NSPCC

Smith, M. (2004). Parental mental health: disruptions to parenting and outcomes for children. Child & Family Social Work, 9(1), 3-11.

Spratt, T. (2011). Why multiples matter: Reconceptualising the population referred to child and family social workers. British Journal of Social Work, Early View doi: 10.1093/bjsw/bcr165

Stallard, P., Norman, P., Huline-Dickens, S., Salter, E., & Cribb, J. (2004). The effects of parental mental illness upon children: A descriptive study of the views of parents and children. Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 9(1), 39-52.

Stanley, N., Penhal, E., Riordan, D., Barbour, R.S., & Holden, S. (2003). Child Protection and Mental Health Services: Interprofessional Responses to the Needs of Mothers Bristol: Policy Press

Straus, M.A., Gelles, R.J., & Smith, C. (1990). Physical Violence in American Families: Risk Factors and Adaptations to Violence in 8,145 Families New Brunswick [N.J.], U.S.A.: Transaction Publishers

Straus, M.A., Hamby, S.L., Finkelhor, D., Moore, D.W., & Runyan, D. (1998). Identification of child maltreatment with the Parent-Child Conflict Tactics Scales: Development and psychometric data for a national sample of American parents. Child Abuse & Neglect, 22(4), 249-270.

Taylor, J., Baldwin, N., & Spencer, N. (2008). Predicting child abuse and neglect: Ethical, theoretical and methodological challenges. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 17, 1193-1200.

Templeton, L., Zohhadi, S., Galvani, S., & Velleman, R. (2006). "Looking Beyond Risk" . Parental Substance Misuse: Scoping Study. Edinburgh: Scottish Executive.

Tunnard, J. (2004). Parental Mental health Problems: Key Messages from Research, Policy and Practice Dartington: Research in Practice

Vary, J. (2000). Young Parents in Gateshead…Life Now and Aspirations for 2000 and Beyond: Gateshead Young Women's Outreach Project.

Velleman, R. (1993). Alcohol and the Family London: Institute of Alcohol Studies

Velleman, R., & Orford, J. (1999). Risk and resilience: Adults who were the Children of Problem Drinkers Amsterdam: Harwood Academic Publishers

Vincent, S. (2010). Learning from Child Deaths and Serious Abuse in Scotland Edinburgh: Dunedin Press

Waldfogel, J. (2007). Welfare Reforms and Child Well-Being in the US and UK London: CASE

Walsh, C., MacMillan, H., & Jamieson, E. (2002). The relationship between parental psychiatric disorder and child physical and sexual abuse: Findings from the Ontario Health Supplement. Child Abuse & Neglect, 26(1), 11-22.

Webb, E., Shankleman, J., Evans, M.R., & Brooks, R. (2001). The health of children in refuges for women victims of domestic violence: cross sectional descriptive survey. BMJ, 323, 210.

Webster-Stratton, C. (1990). Stress: A Potential Disruptor of Parent Perceptions and Family Interactions. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 19(4), 302 - 312.

Whittaker, A., & Elliott, L. (2010). Drug-using fathers. In J. Taylor, & M. Themessl-Huber (Eds.), Safeguarding Children in Primary Health Care. London: Jessica Kingsley.

Widom, C.S. (1989). Does violence beget violence? A critical examination of the literature. Psychological bulletin, 106, 3-28.

Wolfner, G.D., & Gelles, R.J. (1993). A profile of violence toward children: A national study. Child Abuse & Neglect, 17(2), 197-212.

Women and Equality Unit (2003). Increasing Safe Accomodation Choices London: TSO

Children and Young People with Disabilities

References

Akbas S, Turia A, Karabekirolgu. K Pazvantoglu O, Kekskin T, Boke O. 2009. Characteristics of sexual abuse in a sample of Turkish children with and without mental retardation, referred for legal appraisal of the psychological repercussions Sexuality and Disability 27: 205-213

Kvam MH. 2004. Sexual abuse of deaf children. A retrospective analysis of the prevalence and characteristics of childhood sexual abuse among deaf adults in Norway. Child Abuse and Neglect 28: 241-251.

NSPCC (2011) Safeguarding Deaf and Disabled Children: A resource for use in training and professional group learning http://www.nspcc.org.uk/Inform/trainingandconsultancy/learningresources/safeguarding_deaf_disabled_children_wda80987.html

Stalker K, Green Lister P, Lerpiniere J, McArthur K. 2010. Child Protection and the Needs and Rights of Disabled Children: Abridged Report. University of Strathclyde Faculty of Education/ Sir Halley Stewart Trust: Glasgow. http://strathprints.strath.ac.uk/27036/

Stalker K and McArthur K (2012)) 'Disabled Children and Child Protection: A Literature Review' Child Abuse Review 21, 1, 24-40

Sullivan PM, Knutson JF. 2000. Maltreatment and disabilities: A population-based epidemiological study. Child Abuse and Neglect 24: 1257-1273.

Contact

Email: Fiona McKinlay

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