7. Consumer assessment
The introduction of the regulations is expected to benefit consumers by helping to address market failures. As set out above, in the vast majority of cases, the fuel bill savings are expected to be larger than the cost of upgrades, therefore even if landlords raise rents to cover the cost of upgrades, the total that tenants have to pay (rent plus fuel bills) is likely to be lower.
The phasing of the regulations over time should also help minimise disruption to tenants, with a high proportion of the upgrades likely to be able to take place between tenancies.