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Age

Age

Age is an important issue that should be taken into consideration when mainstreaming equalities into work on employment. Although age discrimination can affect both young and old people, recent research by the Department of Work and Pensions has found that people over the age of fifty are particularly vulnerable (see below). Discrimination and disparity is evident not only within the labour market, but also for those older people attempting to find work.

Scottish Executive

Joseph Rowntree Foundation

  • Vulnerable young men in fragile labour markets (2004) This research examines the questions: What happens to young men who experience a period of long-term unemployment early in their careers? Are they able to overcome the impact of unemployment and go on to establish relatively successful careers or do they continue to suffer from insecurity and recurrent unemployment?
  • Experiences & Expectations of People Leaving Paid Work after Fifty (2002) This study examines the experiences of people in their fifties and sixties who have left paid work. The research looked at how people came to leave their jobs, how they had adjusted to life outside the labour market, and how they were spending their time in retirement.
  • Informal Care & Work after Fifty (2002) Many people in their fifties and sixties combine work with caring responsibilities for grandchildren, older relatives or their own children. Researchers at Thomas Coram Research Unit looked at how decisions about employment are influenced by the desire or need to provide informal care.
  • Public Policy Initiatives for Older Workers (2002) The authors investigated how policy-making towards older workers is developing in several countries. The project examined a broad range of policy areas: pension reform, equality, social security and labour-market policy.
  • Young Men on the Margins of Work (2001) This work together the results of a number of research projects about young men and work.
  • Ethnic Minorities & their Pensions Decisions (2001) Looks at the ability of Bangladeshi, Pakistani and white men living in Oldham to make informed choices between alternative forms of second tier pensions provision.
  • Young Men's Attitudes to Gender & Work (1999) The researchers talked to young men aged 18-20, about their experience of the workplace, and their attitudes and beliefs about 'women's work' and 'men's work'.
  • The Changing Distribution of the 'Social Wage' (1997) A study by Tom Sefton at the London School of Economics examined who was benefiting most from changes in concpetions of the social wage, how the distribution has changed since 1979, and whether this has affected trends in income inequality.
  • Older People's Attitudes to Incomes, Taxes & Benefits (1995) Older people's perceptions about their own incomes and their opinion of alternative policy options are not often referred to when considering pension policies.
  • The Financial Well-Being of Elderly People (1994) This research shows that the gaps between rich and poor, older and younger pensioners, those with and without occupational pensions - and between pensioners and non-pensioners - all grew. Private income does not guarantee a high total income.

Department of Work and Pensions

Age Positive