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Energy

Research Projects from 2010

Project Details

Amendment to National Calculation Methodology Modelling Guide to support DSM modelling of glazing
Contractor: AECOM
Status: Complete
Project Year: 2015/16

This project reviewed and updated published data in the Scottish NCM guide

Integration and further modification of Scotland specific functions and output in iSBEM
Contractor: BRE
Status: Complete
Project Year: 2015/16

This project will deliver a single version of the iSBEM tool, together with supporting documentation, which can be used for the production of carbon compliance calculations, EPC production and section 63 assessments

Assessment of energy and carbon benefit for applying energy standards – Development of assessment tool
Contractor: AECOM
Status: Complete
Project Year: 2015/16

This project looked at the potential for delivering abatement in existing buildings.  The project reviewed work undertaken in England and Wales with the aim of developing a model for evidence gathering and reporting.

Scottish building regulations - Assessing the impact of changes to the UK National Calculation Method (NCM) on emissions targets proposed within the 2015 energy standards
Contractor: BRE
Status: Complete
Project Year: 2014/15

This project identified any changes within the new edition of the NCM and checked the statements made by Building Standards Division (BSD) in offering a high-level assessment of how these will impact on those delivering new buildings to the 2015 energy standards.

Final Report

Accredited Construction Details (Scotland): Review of guidance and published details
Contractor: BRE
Status: Completed
Project Year: 2014/15

The objective of this project is to update and expand the information which forms the ACD documents, to address both the larger number of junction conditions considered within the UK Standard Assessment Procedure (SAP 2012) and to represent the improved fabric insulation values which are likely to be used under the 2015 standards.

Provision of an updated National Calculation methodology software tool (SBEM) for non domestic buildings
Contractor: Building Research Establishment
Status: Completed
Project Year: 2014/15

This project will develop an updated version of the SBEM calculation tool and iSBEM interface to implement this revised method of setting Target Emission Rates for new non-domestic buildings in Scotland.

Lower Carbon Buildings review of Building (Scotland) Regulations 2004: Technical Handbooks – Section 6: Energy

Contractor: Liz Shiel Associates
Status: Completed
Project Year: 2013/14

The aim of this work was to undertake an analysis of views within the consultation responses which relates to the cost, timing and economic impact of the proposals.

Final Report

Non-Domestic Standards: Energy Modelling of Scottish Notional Building

Contractor: AECOM
Status: Completed
Project Year: 2013/14

This project took forward the modelling required for the comparison of carbon reductions of the Scottish Notional Building and gave further details on the project requirements.

The final report is being used to inform policy.

Non-Domestic Buildings - Investigating aspects of the calculation methodology for the proposed 2013 standards for new non-domestic buildings: Phase 3

Contractor: AECOM
Status: Completed
Project Year: 2012/13

This project investigates variations on the notional building specification of within 2013 Phase 2 research and their cost impact, together with commentary on credits available within the NCM and potential for assessment of overheating.

Final Report

Non-domestic energy standards 2013: Investigating improved CO2 emission and energy targets for new non-domestic buildings compared to 2010 standards: Phase 2
Contractor: AECOM
Status: Complete
Project Year 2011/12

This project informed the process of setting minimum carbon dioxide and energy standards for new-build non-domestic buildings from 2013. It investigated the application of absolute values for energy efficiency and an aggregate approach to setting CO2 emissions across a range of nine building examples. It also provides an assessment of the national impact of a range of improvement levels.

Final report

Domestic Buildings - Cost Impact of potential improvements to energy standards for new domestic buildings: Phase 2 
Contractor: Building Research Establishment
Status: Completed
Project Year 2011/12

This research provided a comprehensive assessment of the potential technical and cost implications of improvements to energy standards in building regulations. It provides further analysis of the six example dwellings used in the Phase 1 research as well as detail on a further eight dwelling types.

Final report

Domestic Research - Research to further assess the difference in capital costs of constructing a gas and electricity fuelled dwelling: Phase 1 Addendum
Contractor: Gleeds Cost Management Ltd
Status: Complete
Project Year 2011/12

This research concentrated on the cost difference of compliance with the building standards using gas or electricity as the main dwelling fuel. The study provides data to inform discussions on the impact on development in areas where mains gas is not available such as more remote and rural areas.

Final report

Domestic Buildings - Feasibility of further reductions in CO2 arising from regulated energy use in new homes: Phase 1 
Contractor: Gleeds Cost Management Ltd
Status: Completed
Project Year 2010/11

Using a range of six example dwelling types this research investigated the technical and commercial feasibility of further reductions in carbon dioxide emissions arising from regulated energy use in new homes.

Final report

Non-Domestic Buildings - Cost impact of potential improvements to energy standards for new buildings within building regulations: Phase 1
Contractor: Davis Langdon an AECOM Company
Status: Complete
Project Year 2010/11

This project identified the cost and practicality of further improvements in the carbon dioxide emissions standard (6.1) by development of a range of example buildings, showing cost-effective solutions to both the 2009 and 2010 building standards and to three specified further levels of improvement.

Final report

Accredited Construction Details (Scotland): Review of Guidance and Published Details
Contractor: Austin-Smith: Lord LLP
Status: Completed
Project Year: 2010/11

This project will promote a clearer understanding of the principles of limiting uncontrolled air infiltration and linear thermal bridging and the application of these principals in practice to improve Scottish construction practice.

Research Projects prior to 2010

Reports for research projects list below can be obtained by emailing buildingstandards@scotland.gsi.gov.uk

Title

Description

Contractor

Year

SBEM - Scottish & English Comparison (2)

Research to provide information on the perceived problems in comparison arising from differing EPC rating methods used in Scotland and in England & Wales.

Building Research Establishment, Scotland

2009-10

A technical review of the introduction to the Accredited Construction Details (Scotland) (ACD)

Review of the ACD and revised output for inclusion in Technical Handbooks.

 

Glasgow Caledonian University

2009/10

Delivery of a 30% reduction on CO2 emissions from new buildings for the proposed 2010 building Regulations (fuel package tables)

An assessment of the proposals in the proposed revision of the Procedure (SAP 2009).

Building Research Establishment

2009/10

Financial benefits of improving the energy performance of an extensively glazed office building and school

Project to inform Section 50 of the Climate Change (Scotland) Bill.

 

Energy Management Solutions

2009/10

Preparation of NCM Guide in Scotland

Project to review document for users of iSBEM.

Building Research Establishment
 

2009/10

Review and update the Scottish SBEM tool for 2010

Project to deliver an updated, functional and tested version of iSBEM for Scotland.

Building Research Establishment

2009/10

Backstop levels of U-values and airtightness: Assessment of Nordic standards: Domestic

An extension to 'Assessing the cost of proposed changes to building regulations in 2010: Energy Standards - Domestic' and evaluated the backstop U-values and airtightness of the Nordic standards.

Davis Langdon LLP

2008/09

Comparison of the level of CO2 emissions from buildings built in 1990 and 2008: Additional house types

Building on an earlier project to check the methods of measurements for CO2 emissions specified in the 1982 Amendment Regulations are being applied.

Building Research Establishment

2008/09

Cost impact study of 'architectural solutions' for reducing CO2 emissions from non-domestic buildings

Using the models for the non-domestic study, baseline buildings have been adjusted using architectural solutions to reduce to CO2 emissions and demand for delivered energy.

Davis Langdon

2008/09

Development of an affordable standard methodology and reporting of the energy performance of occupied buildings

Project to develop methods of the post-occupancy monitoring of recently built housing.

Glasgow Caledonian University

2008/09

Energy load profiles for non-domestic buildings

Project to consider typical profiles of energy use in a range of non-domestic buildings designed (or design adjusted) to 2007 energy standards.

Energy Management Solutions, Faber Maunsell

2008/09

Energy Performance: Extensions to existing buildings designed to 2007 standards

Project to assess the difference in energy performance, including CO2 emissions, from new build 'extensions'.

Davis Langdon

2008/09

Impact on embodied CO2 and CO2 emissions of possible changes to the Energy Standards

Analysis of the embodied CO2 in both baseline buildings designed to the Technical Handbooks 2007 (TH2007), and the buildings as improved, using various energy efficiency measures and low carbon equipment.

Davis Langdon

2008/09

Improvement measures to the energy performance of an existing building

A study of an office building that is being extended to provide rental office space.

John Gilbert Architects/Energy Management Solutions/Thomas & Adamson/Faber Maunsell

2008/09
 

Improvements to the Energy Performance of a Hotel

A study of a city centre hotel that is being refurbished.

Faber Maunsell

2008/09

Improvements to the energy performance of an NHS property
 

An analysis of a health centre which has had cavity wall insulation inserted.

Energy Management Solutions

2008/09

Improvements to the energy performance of a retail building

A study of a recently extended retail building within a major shopping development.

Energy Management Solutions

2008/09

PassivHaus, CarbonLite,and the PHPP calculation method

 

Useful Energy for Space Heating

Modelling addressed the cost and energy performance impacts of higher standards of insulation for the extension, improvements to the efficiency of equipment and fittings, and the installation of low carbon equipment.

Energy Systems Research Unit (ESRU), University of Strathclyde Status

 

Davis Langdon

2008/09

Provision of advice on the impact on development density of more demanding energy standards

Intended to be a desk top exercise to  consider case studies of medium and high density housing development layouts.

Project abandoned as no longer an issue for house builders.

Davis Langdon LLP

2008/09

Research into Methods to assess the feasibility and Lifecycle costs of district heating or CHP systems

Development of an assessment methodology and identification of suitable case studies.

The Heat Supply Options Assessment Tool is available on disk.  Please contact buildingstandards@scotland.gsi.gov.uk

Parsons Brinckerhoff

2008/09

Solar Thermal Systems

Survey of suppliers and installers.

Scottish Building Standards

2008/09

Assessing the cost of proposed changes to domestic energy standards in 2010

A study to evaluate the cost of measures to reduce carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions and energy demand for new housing in Scotland.

Davis Langdon

2007/08

Assessing the costs of proposed changes to non-domestic energy standards in 2010

Project on the cost impacts on new non-domestic buildings of improving energy standards.

Davis Langdon with Faber Maunsell

2007/08

Comparison of Energy Standards in Scotland and Nordic Countries: Non-domestic buildings

Project to compare energy standards for non-domestic buildings in Scotland with those in Denmark, Sweden, Norway and Finland.

Building Research Establishment

2007/08

Comparison of TH2007 standards with building regulations in Nordic Countries

Project to compare energy standards in Scotland with those in Denmark, Sweden, Norway and Finland.

Building Research Establishment

2007/08

International comparison of energy standards in building regulations: Domestic

Project to compare energy standards in Scotland with those in Denmark, Sweden, Norway and Finland.

Building Research Establishment

2007/08

Research into Energy performance data held by Local Authorities for EPBD Compliant Certification of Existing Dwellings

A detailed evaluation of the energy performance data held by Local Authorities.

Alan Beal

2007/08

Study of the Impact on Scottish Building Construction of further limitation of CO2 Emissions from new buildings

Project to develop and pilot a methodology to identify the implications for construction practice and the affordability of buildings in Scotland.

Turner and Townsend

2007/08

Update old section 6 - Annexes A-C to web based u-value guide

Update of Annexes 6A, 6B and 6C of the guidance to the Technical Handbook.

Building Research Establishment

2007/08

Whole-house MVHR systems

Survey of MVHR suppliers and installers.

Scottish Building Standards

2007/08

Consultation with Small Businesses and Micro-Businesses on the impact of proposed changes to Section 6 Energy

Consultation with Small Businesses and Micro Businesses on the impact of the proposed changes to Section 6 Energy & Section 3 Environment.

Building Research Establishment, Scotland

2006/07

Evaluation of the energy performance of a sample of properties using Reduced Data SAP 2005

Assessment of the energy performance of dwellings using Reduced Dataset SAP 2005 (RdSAP). This is an update of the project undertaken in 2005-2006 using RdSAP 2001 to assess a list of properties.

National Energy Services

2006/07

Scottish Energy Rating Tool (SERT)

Research project to develop of an energy rating tool to support the issue of energy performance certificates for existing housing in compliance with the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive.

Paul Tuohy, Energy Systems Research Unit, University of Strathclyde

2006/07

Simplified Building Energy Model - SBEM Trials

Project to undertake the energy performance calculation of two public buildings in Scotland in accordance with the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD).

Hoare Lea

2006/07

Survey investigating the level of energy information held by housing associations and local authorities in Scotland
 

Survey to determine the level of information held by the Scottish social housing sector to inform the commissioning of a conversion tool to convert current data into Energy Performance Certificates (EPC).

Changeworks

2006/07

Potential use of infrared thermography to check continuity of insulation in buildings

Workshop to explore the use of thermal imaging in building standards.

Alba Building Science Ltd and Building Research Establishment, Scotland

2006/07

Calculation of carbon dioxide targets for certain non-domestic buildings based on current compliance methods in Section 6

Project to demonstrate the relationship between the Elemental Method of Section 6 and calculations based on carbon dioxide emissions.

Building Research Establishment, Scotland

2005/06

Critique of Part L Consultation for England and Wales

Project to inform the review Energy and the implementation of the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD) in Scotland.

Building Research Establishment, Scotland

2005/06

Low and Zero Carbon Technologies in the Scottish Building Standards

An overview of the low and zero carbon technologies (LZCT) that are potentially available.

Building Research Establishment, Scotland

2005/06

Offsetting of backstop insulation standards by incorporation of low or zero carbon technologies

Project to consider how low and zero carbon technologies (LZCT) might be used to offset a higher wall U-value and how they can be allowed for in calculations according to SAP 2005.

Building Research Establishment, Scotland

2005/06

Relationship between current Section 6 compliance methods and carbon dioxide ratings

Demonstrate the relationship between the three methods of compliance with Section 6 of the Scottish Building Regulations for dwellings.

Building Research Establishment, Scotland

2005/06

Thermal Bridging and Air Infiltration

Project to develop accredited construction details for the limitation of thermal bridging and air leakage in low and medium rise domestic type buildings.

Hackland Dore

2005/06

Thermal Improvements to Existing Dwellings

Development of tools to characterise the energy performance of the Scottish housing stock and to evaluate the potential for energy savings and CO2 emission reductions.

University of Strathclyde

2005/06