5. Section 2 - Disability Assistance for Children and Young People (DACYP)
We will safely and securely transfer this type of assistance to Scotland, whilst ensuring that our new system continues to make improvements.
Entitlement to DACYP
It is our intention that Disability Assistance for Children and Young People will be payable between the ages of 3 months and 18 years. Children aged 3 months or over will be entitled to claim the care component of the assistance. To claim the higher rate of mobility, eligible children will need to be at least 3 years old and at least 5 years old to claim the lower rate of the mobility component.
We do not intend to open eligibility to new applicants age 16 or over due to the potential disruption involved with applying for the benefit, then being required to apply for a working age benefit soon after. We therefore intend that brand new Disability Assistance applicants aged 16 or over will apply for working age benefit (PIP), initially with DWP, until Social Security Scotland commences delivering Disability Assistance for Working Age People.
Children and young people must have had their disability or condition for at least 3 months and expect them to last for at least 6 months. If they're defined as terminally ill they do not need to meet these qualifying periods.
Question 42. Do you agree or disagree with our proposal to provide entitlement to Disability Assistance for Children and Young People to clients aged 0-18 years?
Question 43. If you disagreed, please could you explain why.
Young People Aged 16-18
As noted above we will provide eligible children with DACYP up to the age of 18. This approach was developed to mitigate the numerous transitional difficulties experienced by young people and their families at age 16 including the requirement to navigate a potentially stressful PIP application process.
From our work with stakeholders we know that in the future many families would prefer to have the continuity of receiving DACYP up to age 18, than be required to engage with the current application process for PIP. This additional two years of receiving assistance will aid families during a potentially challenging time.
Question 44. Do you agree or disagree with our proposal to extending eligibility, for those in receipt of Disability Assistance for Children and Young People before the age of 16, to age 18?
Question 45. If you disagreed, please could you explain why.
It is currently anticipated that broad eligibility rules for DACYP, will remain similar to Child DLA. That is:
For the care component the lower rate is payable where the child or young person requires assistance for some of the day or night.
The middle rate is payable where:
- the child or young person requires frequent help or supervision during the day or at night; or
- they may require prolonged or repeated attention in connection with bodily functions from another person.
- they may also require a person to be awake during the night for a prolonged period or at frequent intervals to watch over them in order to avoid substantial danger to themselves or others
The middle rate of the care component is also payable to those children or young people who undergo the following treatment at home at least twice a week:
- haemodialysis - (a treatment for kidney failure which uses a machine to filter blood outside the body); or
- intermittent peritoneal dialysis - (a form of peritoneal dialysis in which dialysis solution is infused into the peritoneal cavity, allowed to equilibrate for 10 to 20 minutes, and then drained out).
The highest rate is payable where the child or young person requires help or supervision throughout both the day and night, or they are terminally ill.
For the mobility component the lower rate is payable where the child or young person can walk but need help or supervision out of doors.
The higher rate is payable where the child or young person is unable to walk, can only walk a short distance without severe discomfort, could become very ill if they try to walk or have severe mental or visual disabilities.
Question 46. Do you agree or disagree with our approach to the eligibility rules for the different components of Disability Assistance for Children and Young People?
Question 47. If you disagreed, please could you explain why.
Winter Heating Assistance
Winter Heating Assistance is an annual tax free supplement which will be paid to people who are over the current state pension age to help towards their winter heating costs. We are committed to providing Winter Heating Assistance to families with children in receipt of the highest care component of Disability Assistance for Children and Young People to supplement winter heating costs for families.
We intend to replicate the current sum provided by DWP to eligible recipients. This will be a lump sum payment of £200 to individuals in receipt of the highest rate care component of Disability Assistance for Children and Young People.
Question 48. Do you agree or disagree with the proposal to make a £200 Winter Heating Assistance payment to families in receipt of the highest rate care component of Disability Assistance for Children and Young People?
Question 49. If you disagreed, please could you explain why.
It is intended that a child or young person would not qualify for assistance where they are:
- Already receiving an allocation of this benefit;
- Claiming the equivalent of this benefit elsewhere in the United Kingdom which would be defined as England, Wales and Northern Ireland;
- In receipt of PIP (if age 16 or over);
- Over the age of 16 for new applications; and/or
- Subject to immigration control.