Seal licensing system: second review

This report is the second statutory review of the operation of the seal licensing system in Scotland under the Marine (Scotland) Act 2010 which covers the improvements since the last review and makes recommendations for the future operation of the system.

11. References

Butler, J., Middlemas, S., Mckelvey, S., McMyn, I., Leyshon, B., Walker, I., Thompson, P., Boyd, I., Duck, C., Armstrong, J., Graham, I. & Baxter, J. (2008). The Moray Firth Seal Management Plan: An adaptive framework for balancing the conservation of seals, salmon, fisheries and wildlife tourism in the UK. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 18(6).

Coram, A., Gordon, J., Thompson, D. & Northridge, S. 2014. Evaluating and  Assessing the Relative Effectiveness of Acoustic Deterrent Devices and other Non-Lethal Measures on Marine Mammals. Scottish Government. 

Duck, C.D., Morris, C. & Thompson, D. 2020. The status of the UK harbour seal populations in 2018 including summer counts of grey seals. SCOS briefing paper 19/03. 

Findlay, C.R., Ripple, H.D., Coomber, F., Froud, K., Harries, O., van Geel, N.C.F., Calderan, S.V., Benjamins, S., Risch, D. & Wilson, B. 2018. Mapping widespread and increasing underwater noise pollution from acoustic deterrent devices. Marine Pollution Bulletin 135.

Forrest, K., Cave, J., Michielsens, C., Haulena, M. & Smith, D. 2009. Evaluation of an Electric Gradient to Deter Seal Predation on Salmon Caught in Gill-Net Test Fisheries. North American Journal of Fisheries Management. 29. 885-894. 

Gotz, T. & Janik, V.M. 2016. Non‐lethal management of carnivore predation: long‐term tests with a startle reflex‐based deterrence system on a fish farm. Animal Conservation 19(3).

Graham, I.M., Harris, R.N., Matejusova I. & Middlemas, S.J. 2011. Do 'rogue' seals exist? Implications for seal conservation in the UK. Animal Conservation 14(6). 

MMO. 2018. Assessing Non-Lethal Seal Deterrent Options: Literature and Data Review. A report produced for the Marine Management Organisation. MMO Project No: 1131, October 2018, 45 pages.

Morris, C., Thompson, D. & Duck, C.D. 2020. Provisional Regional PBR values for Scottish seals in 2020. SCOS Briefing Paper 19/05.

Northridge, S., Coram, A. & Gordon, J. 2013. Investigations on seal depredation at Scottish fish farms. Edinburgh: Scottish Government. 

SCOS. 2020. Special Committee on Seals: Scientific Advice on Matters Related to the Management of Seal Populations: 2019. 



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