Information

International recruitment of health and social care personnel: Scottish Code of Practice - August 2022 (revised)

Update to the Scottish Code of Practice for the international recruitment of health and social care which ensure that all international recruitment undertaken in Scotland is ethical.


8. Annex A - WHO Red and Amber list of countries

8.1 Countries on the WHO Health Workforce Support and Safeguard List are graded red which means no active recruitment is permitted from these countries. If a government-to-government agreement is put in place between the UK and a partner country, it will restrict UK employers, contracting bodies recruitment organisations, agencies and collaborations to the terms of the agreement. The country will be added to the amber list and recruitment can happen only on the terms of the Agreement.

8.2 Changes to the red and amber country list may be made on an ad hoc basis as government-to-government agreements are signed. All agreements will take WHO guidance on the development of bilateral agreements into account.

8.3 It is recommended that employers, recruitment organisations, agencies, collaborations and contracting bodies check the country list for updates before any recruitment drive.

8.4 Green countries, which have signed a government-to-government agreement with the UK for international health and social care workforce recruitment, are listed separately below.

Red countries - active recruitment is not permitted

  • Afghanistan
  • Angola
  • Bangladesh
  • Benin
  • Burkina Faso
  • Burundi
  • Cameroon
  • Central African Republic
  • Chad
  • Congo
  • Congo, Dem. Rep.
  • Côte d'Ivoire
  • Djibouti
  • Equatorial Guinea
  • Eritrea
  • Ethiopia
  • Gabon
  • Gambia, The
  • Ghana
  • Guinea
  • Guinea-Bissau
  • Haiti
  • Kiribati
  • Lesotho
  • Liberia
  • Madagascar
  • Malawi
  • Mali
  • Mauritania
  • Micronesia, Federated States.
  • Mozambique
  • Nepal
  • Niger
  • Nigeria
  • Pakistan
  • Papua New Guinea
  • Senegal
  • Sierra Leone
  • Solomon Islands
  • Somalia
  • South Sudan
  • Sudan
  • Togo
  • Uganda
  • United Republic of Tanzania
  • Vanuatu
  • Yemen, Republic of.

Amber countries - international recruitment is only permitted in compliance with the terms of a government-to-government agreement.

  • Kenya.

Green countries - with government-to-government agreements in place with the UK.

8.5 Active recruitment is permitted from green countries. Green countries are any country not on the red or amber list.

8.6 The green country list below is those countries which have a government-to-government agreement with the UK in place for international health and care workforce recruitment. Green graded countries without a government-to-government agreement with the UK are not published in the code of practice for England.

8.7 The government-to-government agreement may set parameters, implemented by the country of origin, for how UK employers, contracting bodies, recruitment organisations, agencies and collaborations recruit. These organisations are encouraged to recruit on the terms of the government-to-government agreement.

8.8 The green country list will be updated as new government-to-government agreements are signed with the UK. It is recommended employers, contracting bodies, recruitment organisations, agencies and collaborations regularly check the list for updates and prior to embarking on any recruitment campaign.

8.9 Green countries with a government-to-government agreement for managing international health and care workforce recruitment are:

  • Philippines
  • Malaysia
  • Sri Lanka

8.10 All health workforce government-to-government agreements above are published on the gov.uk website.

Contact

Email: sharon.wilson@gov.scot

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