Publication - Publication

Scottish Budget 2020-2021

Sets out our proposed spending and tax plans for 2020 to 2021, as presented to the Scottish Parliament.

283 page PDF

5.1 MB

283 page PDF

5.1 MB

Contents
Scottish Budget 2020-2021
Chapter 13: Culture, Tourism and External Affairs

283 page PDF

5.1 MB

Chapter 13: Culture, Tourism and External Affairs

Portfolio Responsibilities

The Culture, Tourism and External Affairs (CTEA) portfolio engages at home and internationally to enhance Scotland's reputation and increase sustainable economic growth, pursue our interests overseas, and promote Scotland as a great place to live, visit, work and do business through European and wider International Affairs. It contributes to delivering our economic ambition by focusing on our population, investing in Scotland's unique heritage and culture, inspiring creativity and supporting our tourism industry to maximise the contribution of the visitor economy to Scotland's prosperity.

The portfolio helps to ensure our diverse and evolving cultural heritage thrives and is celebrated, and that our historic environment, world-class collections and performing companies are cared for and enjoyed by new and diverse audiences as well as future generations right across Scotland. It protects and provides access to our historic environment, promotes the delivery of high quality places and buildings to support communities contributing principally to the international and culture national outcomes, and through tourism investment, to the fair work and business national outcome.

Our ambition is to make Scotland a destination of first choice for visitors, growing the value and positively enhancing the benefits of tourism across Scotland by delivering the very best for our visitors, our people, our businesses, our communities, and our environment and providing a perfect stage for world-class events.

We are committed to being a good global citizen, and to playing our part in tackling global challenges including poverty, injustice and inequality. We want to make Scotland an open and welcoming nation for people and their families to live, work and make a positive contribution to our country.

Portfolio Priorities

We recognise that our role as an open, outward-looking, connected country is more important than ever. Across our international and European relationships - supported by the work of our external network of offices - we will demonstrate our ambition for independent membership of the European Union. We will continue our commitment to internationalisation by building on relationships, sharing the skills and expertise of our colleges and universities, celebrating cultural and ancestral connections and exchanging policy ideas to address shared challenges, ensuring Scotland remains a valued and well-connected nation, despite the UK's decision to leave the EU.

We support the attainment of the UN Sustainable Development Goals outside Scotland and our 'Beyond Aid' agenda recognises that some of the greatest contributions we can make to the lives of the world's poorest and most vulnerable people are beyond traditional international development work.

We will continue to promote Scotland as an attractive place to live, work, bring up families and move to so that that we address the balance of Scotland's population. In particular, we will work to protect the rights of EU citizens and ensure that those resident in Scotland are provided with information, support and practical advice on their rights as a result of the UK leaving the EU. We made the case for a tailored migration policy for 'Scotland in Migration: Helping Scotland Prosper', published in January 2020. This set out how devolution of immigration within a UK framework could create additional options for people to live and work in Scotland; how the Scottish Government plans to support UK pilot schemes to encourage migration to rural communities; and further reforms needed to improve the UK immigration system, including changes to the restrictive approach to family migration.

Our investment in culture and heritage supports our vision that Scotland is a place where culture is valued, protected and nurtured. While culture is valued in and of itself, it is also central to our wellbeing and prosperity. Everyone has the right to participate in cultural life, and we celebrate the diverse cultures of Scotland and the value of open cultural exchange with the wider world.

Tourism, including cultural and heritage tourism, is one of our key economic sectors, employing over 8 per cent of our workforce, with particular concentrations of employment in our rural areas and Edinburgh. Visitor spending supports £7 billion of Scotland's GDP, and tourism delivers broader benefits, including raising our international profile. We are committed to supporting the sector, in the face of challenges from EU exit and climate change, with a package of measures set out in the Programme for Government. Our Major Events budget continues to support a strong and inspirational programme of events and festivals each year that generates business, creates jobs and boosts the economy whilst delivering benefits to communities across Scotland.

External Affairs priorities

In 2020-21 we will:

  • do everything we can to protect the rights of EU citizens resident in Scotland, and Scots in EU countries, as well as delivering an advice and support service for EU citizens and continue to work with employers, communities and stakeholders to develop the case for a tailored approach to migration in Scotland;
  • support the delivery of our external network of offices as they continue to develop their influence and strengthen their relationships - deepening our impact in key markets, encouraging collaboration, supporting trade and innovation and creating opportunities to showcase Scotland's cultural and creative offering;
  • continue to play a full and active part in the British Irish Council (BIC), working positively with other members to support the Northern Ireland peace process;
  • further intensify our engagement with our European neighbours and international partners, and work collaboratively with international and European institutions;
  • continue to build partnerships to take action to help tackle poverty and inequalities in relation to some of the world's poorest and most vulnerable people, including through our £10 million International Development Fund; and
  • maintain our Humanitarian Emergency Fund so that we continue to play our part to reduce the threat to life and wellbeing caused by disasters, disease and conflict.

Culture, Tourism and Major Events priorities

We will continue to support the growth of our creative industries and the creative economy, including investing in Screen Scotland, a dedicated public sector partnership to support the screen sector. In addition, we will continue investment in the arts and culture through Creative Scotland. The National Collections and the five National Performing Companies will help ensure that Scotland's unique culture reaches a wide audience at home and abroad.

Youth arts boost the skills of those who participate, help tackle inequalities and make Scotland a stronger, fairer and more inclusive society.

In 2020-21 we will:

  • strengthen support for our film and TV sector through Screen Scotland;
  • work with partners to support delivery of A Culture Strategy for Scotland centred on the three main ambitions: strengthening culture; transforming through culture; and empowering through culture, to realise the vision of a Scotland where everyone has an equal opportunity to experience culture's empowering and transformative potential;
  • enable Creative Scotland to maintain support, for a third year, for the Regular Funding Programme in the face of a significant decline in Lottery receipts;
  • support the long-term development of cultural infrastructure such as the Paisley Museum Reimagined Project and the Scottish National Gallery Project;
  • support the National Collections to continue to provide free access to the permanent collections and the National Performing Companies to inspire audiences at home and abroad;
  • continue to support VisitScotland to deliver sustainable growth in the wider visitor economy by working collaboratively with the Scottish tourism industry and public sector partners, and support the delivery of a tourism strategy which sets out our ambition for Scotland to be the leader in 21st-century tourism;
  • improve facilities for communities experiencing a high volume of tourism through the extended Rural Tourism Infrastructure Fund;
  • through our Themed Year of Coasts and Waters 2020, celebrate and promote opportunities to experience and enjoy Scotland's unrivalled coasts and waters; and
  • continue to provide support for, and work with, partners in the planning and delivery of UEFA EURO 2020.

Historic Environment Scotland priorities

The historic environment is a vital part of our heritage and our communities and it is also hugely important to the national economy, supporting over 60,000 jobs and contributing £2.3 billion to the national gross value added (GVA). Its continuing care and regeneration creates local employment, supports businesses and secures the future of precious traditional craft skills. It also enriches the quality of our lives and helps to define who we are.

In 2020-21, through funding for Historic Environment Scotland we will:

  • continue to deliver 'Our Place in Time: the Historic Environment Strategy for Scotland';
  • offer grant support to help regenerate and promote the active use, care and maintenance of the historic environment, promoting sustainable economic development and reinforcing local identity;
  • provide expert advice and guidance to deliver the right balance between conservation and sustainable change;
  • promote learning and education to enhance knowledge, understanding and enjoyment of the historic environment;
  • continue to play a leading role in supporting our understanding of climate change and its impacts on the historic environment; and
  • support the maintenance of traditional skills and provide young people with opportunities to develop new skills.

National Records of Scotland priorities

The 2021 Census will take place on 21 March 2021, and will be the first in which people are encouraged to complete their questionnaire primarily online, with help, support and paper-based alternatives available to those who need them. The Census will seek to learn about everyone in Scotland, reaching 2.6 million households and individuals living elsewhere, such as in hospitals, care homes or temporary accommodation. Following a successful public-facing rehearsal of our Census approach in October 2019, during 2020-21 National Records of Scotland will focus on learning from our rehearsal and completing preparations for the Census, which will provide crucial data to underpin local and national decision making.

In 2020-21 we will:

  • celebrate the 700th anniversary of the Declaration of Arbroath by putting this important piece of Scotland's history on display in partnership with National Museums of Scotland;
  • image and transcribe the 1921 Census records in preparation for the release of these valuable records through our ScotlandsPeople online family history service in 2021;
  • continue to produce trusted statistics, including demographic and migration estimates and projections of Scotland's population and households;
  • progress our strategy for the future of National Records of Scotland archive functions to ensure they are fit for the 21st century;
  • continue delivering the statutory responsibilities of the Registrar General for Scotland and the Keeper of the Records of Scotland for the registration of life events, the maintenance of Scotland's national archives, and for the improvement of record keeping by Scottish public authorities under the Public Records (Scotland) Act; and
  • continue to play a leading role in progressing Scotland's Data Linkage Framework strategy to securely deliver data research projects that benefit the public.

Spending Plans

Table 13.01: Spending Plans (Level 2)

Level 2 2018-19
Budget
£m
2019-20
Budget
£m
2020-21
Budget
£m
External Affairs 17.3 24.0 26.0
Culture, Tourism and Major Events 248.7 229.8 231.4
Historic Environment Scotland 41.1 39.8 42.8
National Records of Scotland 37.2 37.4 65.3
Total Culture, Tourism and External Affairs 344.3 331.0 365.5
of which:
Total Fiscal Resource 296.9 287.7 319.1
of which Operating Costs* - 14.3 16.4
Non-cash 17.7 16.8 16.8
Capital 24.9 25.0 28.5
Financial Transactions 4.8 1.5 1.1
UK Funded AME - - -

The Financial Transactions total represents the net portfolio position after subtracting forecast Financial Transactions income. The gross amount of Financial Transactions for each portfolio is listed in the Infrastructure Investment Chapter.
* Scottish Government operating costs have been presented in this way within portfolio budgets since 2019-20.

Presentational Adjustments for Scottish Parliament Approval

Level 2 2018-19
Budget
£m
2019-20
Budget
£m
2020-21
Budget
£m
Culture (NDPB Non-cash) (9.8) (9.5) (9.5)
Tourism (NDPB Non-cash) (2.6) (1.4) (1.4)
Historic Environment Scotland (NDPB Non-cash) (2.5) (3.0) (3.0)
National Records of Scotland - shown separately (37.2) (37.4) (65.3)
Total Culture, Tourism and External Affairs 292.2 279.7 286.3
Total Limit on Income (accruing resources) 100.0

What the External Affairs budget does

The budget supports the promotion of Scotland and its interests at home and abroad. It contributes to the positioning of Scotland on the world stage, particularly through our international development work, and promotes Scotland's international engagement through Ministerial visits. The budget also supports the attraction of talented and skilled individuals to live, study and work in Scotland.

Table 13.02: External Affairs Spending Plans (Level 3)

Level 3 2018-19
Budget
£m
2019-20
Budget
£m
2020-21
Budget
£m
International and European Relations 17.2 23.9 25.9
British Irish Council 0.1 0.1 0.1
Total External Affairs 17.3 24.0 26.0
of which:
Fiscal Resource 17.3 24.0 26.0
Non-cash - - -
Capital - - -
Financial Transactions - - -
UK Funded AME - - -

What the Culture, Tourism and Major Events budget does

The budget will continue to provide support for, and work with, partners in the planning and delivery of UEFA EURO 2020. The major events budget reflects the timing and differing costs of individual events and thus varies from year to year, resulting in a reduction between 2019-20 and 2020-21 following the completion of the highly successful Solheim Cup in summer 2019. The budget also supports free access to the National Library of Scotland, National Galleries of Scotland and National Museums Scotland and provides funding for non-national museums and libraries through grants schemes administered by Museums Galleries Scotland and the Scottish Library and Information Council. It enables the five National Performing Companies to have a major presence on Scotland's stages and in our communities, alongside a significant international programme of touring and collaboration. Funding for Creative Scotland provides support for the arts, screen and creative industries across all parts of Scotland. The budget also supports the work of VisitScotland as Scotland's national marketing body to promote Scotland and deliver national tourism and events strategies.

Table 13.03: Culture, Tourism and Major Events Spending Plans (Level 3)

Level 3 2018-19
Budget
£m
2019-20
Budget
£m
2020-21
Budget
£m
Creative Scotland & Other Arts 70.5 66.0 67.3
Cultural Collections 73.4 74.6 79.2
Tourism 45.1 45.2 51.0
Major Events and Themed Years 36.8 16.8 6.6
Culture, Tourism and Major Events Staffing - 4.3 4.4
National Performing Companies 22.9 22.9 22.9
Total Culture and Tourism 248.7 229.8 231.4
of which:
Fiscal Resource 215.5 201.4 199.9
Non-cash 12.4 10.9 10.9
Capital 16.0 16.0 19.5
Financial Transactions 4.8 1.5 1.1
UK Funded AME - - -

What the Historic Environment Scotland budget does

Historic Environment Scotland is the lead public body for the historic environment in Scotland, and takes the lead in delivering Scotland's historic environment strategy 'Our Place in Time', in addition to having delegated responsibility for the care and management of Scottish Ministers' Properties in Care. A significant portion of the grant-in-aid funding which Historic Environment Scotland receives is passed on to Scottish communities by way of grant schemes which fund the regeneration of Scotland's town centres and the repair of historic buildings.

Table 13.04: Historic Environment Scotland Spending Plans (Level 3)

Level 3 2018-19
Budget
£m
2019-20
Budget
£m
2020-21
Budget
£m
Operational Costs 92.2 93.5 100.1
Capital Expenditure 6.0 6.0 6.0
Less Income (57.1) (59.7) (63.3)
Total Historic Environment Scotland 41.1 39.8 42.8
of which:
Fiscal Resource 32.6 30.8 33.8
Non-cash 2.5 3.0 3.0
Capital 6.0 6.0 6.0
Financial Transactions - - -
UK Funded AME - - -

What the National Records of Scotland budget does

The National Records of Scotland budget supports the collection, preservation, and production of information about Scotland's people and history. This includes performing the statutory registration and statistical functions of the Registrar General for Scotland, for example by taking the census and producing a wide range of demographic data which underpin public sector spending decisions, and the archival and public records functions of the Keeper of the Records of Scotland.

Table 13.05: National Records of Scotland Spending Plans (Level 3)

Level 3 2018-19
Budget
£m
2019-20
Budget
£m
2020-21
Budget
£m
Administration costs 40.1 40.2 68.1
Capital Expenditure 2.9 3.0 3.0
Less income (5.8) (5.8) (5.8)
Total National Records of Scotland 37.2 37.4 65.3
of which:
Fiscal Resource 31.5 31.5 59.4
Non-cash 2.8 2.9 2.9
Capital 2.9 3.0 3.0
Financial Transactions - - -
UK Funded AME - - -

Contributions to National Outcomes

This table summarises the portfolio's contributions to the Outcomes of the National Performance Framework.

Table 13.06: National Outcomes

National Records of Scotland

Primary National Outcome: Culture

Secondary National Outcomes: Economy, Health, Communities

We deliver the statutory responsibilities of the Registrar General for Scotland and the Keeper of the Records of Scotland for the registration of life events, the maintenance of Scotland's national archive, and for the improvement of record keeping by Scottish public authorities under the Public Records (Scotland) Act.

We deliver Scotland's Census which provides data at a sufficiently granular level of detail to facilitate decision making at a local level, and to help designate areas of specific cultural importance.

We hold records spanning the 12th to the 21st centuries which touch on virtually every aspect of Scottish life, and have an important role in improving public sector record-keeping. The information we hold is used for a wide variety of purposes by people across the globe.

Census data provides excellent insight into demographic and, therefore, population demands which facilitates the appropriate allocation of funding at a more local level. Census responses are also used to facilitate tailored service design to ensure services are as relevant as possible to service users, e.g. veterans.

Historic Environment Scotland

Primary National Outcome: Culture

Secondary National Outcomes: Environment, Communities, Economy

Support for the historic environment and Historic Environment Scotland ensures that Scotland's rich heritage is protected and celebrated for the benefit of current and future generations. Investment in the historic environment helps to support skills development and job creation. Support for heritage assets can enhance local economic development, and contributes to regeneration. Investment in the historic environment through grants, research into conservation, adaptation and energy efficiency, and protection offered by designations and consents processes ensures that our environment is maintained and enhanced. Our historic environment and heritage can bring people together by celebrating elements of their shared past, or the diversity of our communities. Encouraging access and volunteering opportunities empowers people to get involved in their historic environment.

Culture, Tourism and Major Events

Primary National Outcome: Culture

Secondary National Outcomes: Economy, Communities, Fair Work and Business

We support our National Collections - National Museums Scotland, National Galleries of Scotland and National Library of Scotland, enabling free access to the permanent collections to enable Scotland's rich and diverse cultural heritage to be enjoyed by everyone. Investing in cultural infrastructure enables Scotland's rich heritage to be enjoyed by current and future generations. Through Creative Scotland, we invest millions in cultural projects. Through the Youth Music Initiative, we will provide support for every school pupil in Scotland to be offered a year of free music tuition by the time they leave primary school. Our Major Events budget supports a strong and inspirational programme of events and festivals each year that generate business, create jobs and boost the economy whilst delivering benefits to communities across Scotland and build on our nation's strong reputation and international attractiveness. Investment in cultural and heritage infrastructure will ensure Scotland's reputation as a first class visitor destination is maintained. Tourism makes a key contribution to Scotland's economy, employing one in eight people and supporting £7 billion of GDP, benefiting communities, towns and cities across Scotland. We will improve facilities for communities experiencing a high volume of tourism through the extended Rural Tourism Infrastructure Fund. Youth arts boost the skills of those who participate, help tackle inequalities and make Scotland a stronger, fairer and more inclusive society.

External Affairs

Primary National Outcome: Culture

Secondary National Outcomes: International, Economy, Poverty

Our International work promotes and celebrates our culture offering opportunities to reach new audiences and form wider partnerships that enrich Scotland's cultural experience.

Our contribution to International Development helps to tackle poverty and inequality in our priority countries - Rwanda, Malawi, Zambia and Pakistan. Enhancing Scotland's voice through our international activity supports the growth of our economy by supporting our reputation and partnerships overseas and encouraging international audiences to live, work, invest, study, visit and do business with Scotland.


Contact

Email: BudgetandSustainabilitySupport@gov.scot