Publication - Consultation analysis

Reducing health harms of foods high in fat, sugar, or salt: consultation analysis

Published: 13 Sep 2019

Independent analysis of the responses to the consultation on proposals to restrict the promotion and marketing of foods high in fat, sugar, or salt, and have little to no nutritional benefit.

106 page PDF

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106 page PDF

1.9 MB

Contents
Reducing health harms of foods high in fat, sugar, or salt: consultation analysis
Annex 2: Frequency analysis of closed questions

106 page PDF

1.9 MB

Annex 2: Frequency analysis of closed questions

The following abbreviations are used in the tables in this Annex:

Organisations Organisation sub-totals
PS public sector Non-Ind Non-industry
TS third sector
Oth other
IRB industry representative body Ind Industry
M manufacturer
R & OoH retailer and Out of Home provider

 

Organisations – by stance on mandatory measures
F ‘for’ mandatory measures
A ‘against’ mandatory measures
N ‘neither’ for or against mandatory measures, includes ‘not answered’

The following terminology is used in the tables in this Annex (also see Annex 3 for more information):

Inferred clearly from comments - this term is used to indicate responses that have been corrected on the basis that the original answer option selected did not match the written comments, but the specific phrasing used in the written comments was sufficiently clear to confidently infer the intended response. This includes where an answer to a tick box question was missing and also where the written explanation suggested the answer option originally chosen was not the respondent’s intended response. 

Conflicting answers - this term is used to indicate responses where the comments submitted by respondents conflicted with the original tick box answer option that they selected, but were not sufficiently clear to enable correction. 

Possible conflicting answers – this term is used to indicate responses where no comment was submitted but the tick box answer option that they selected conflicts with the viewpoint expressed in responses to other questions and therefore may not have been the intended response.

Table A2.1: Question 1 — To what degree do you agree or disagree that mandatory measures should be introduced to restrict the promotion and marketing of foods high in fat, sugar or salt to reduce health harms associated with their excessive consumption?

Response Type Organisations Orgs - Subtotals Total - all orgs Total - all inds
PS TS Oth IRB M R & OoH Non Ind Ind
Strongly agree n 20 8 11 1 1 2 39 4 43 245
% 65% 80% 79% 7% 6% 25% 71% 10% 46% 39%
Agree n 5 1 1 0 2 0 7 2 9 106
Inferred clearly  from comments n 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 2 0
% 19% 10% 7% 0% 18% 0% 15% 8% 12% 17%
Neither agree or disagree n 2 1 0 0 3 0 3 3 6 46
% 7% 10% 0% 0% 18% 0% 5% 8% 6% 7%
Disagree n 0 0 0 0 2 1 0 3 3 68
Inferred clearly  from comments n 0 0 0 1 2 0 0 3 3 0
% 0% 0% 0% 7% 24% 13% 0% 15% 6% 11%
Strongly disagree n 1 0 0 7 5 1 1 13 14 163
% 3% 0% 0% 50% 29% 13% 2% 33% 15% 26%
Not Answered n 2 0 2 5 1 4 4 10 14 3
% 7% 0% 14% 36% 6% 50% 7% 26% 15% 1%
Conflicting answers:
  • Selected ‘Strongly disagree’ (may have meant ‘agree’ or ‘strongly agree’ based on comment
n 0 0 0 1
% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Total n 31 10 14 14 17 8 55 39 94 632

Table A2.2: Question 2 — Should this policy only target discretionary foods?

Response Type Organisations Orgs - Subtotals Organisations – by stance on mandatory measures Total - all orgs Individuals – by stance on mandatory measures Total - all inds
PS TS Oth IRB M R & OoH Non Ind Ind F A N F A N
Yes n 10 2 5 1 2 0 17 3 17 0 3 20 143 5 14 162
% 32% 20% 36% 7% 12% 0% 31% 8% 32% 0% 15% 21% 41% 2% 29% 26%
No – additional categories should be targeted n 14 4 6 1 1 1 24 3 27 0 0 27 188 5 12 205
Inferred clearly  from comments n 0 0 0 1 0 0 1
% 45% 40% 43% 7% 6% 13% 44% 8% 50% 0% 0% 29% 54% 2% 25% 32%
No - fewer categories should be targeted n 1 0 0 1 1 0 1 2 2 1 0 3 5 8 4 17
% 3% 0% 0% 7% 6% 0% 2% 5% 4% 5% 0% 3% 1% 3% 8% 3%
No – no foods should be targeted n 1 0 0 5 3 2 1 10 0 11 0 11 5 179 15 199
Inferred clearly  from comments n 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 0
% 3% 0% 0% 36% 24% 25% 2% 28% 0% 60% 0% 13% 1% 77% 31% 32%
Other n 1 2 1 1 4 0 4 5 3 3 3 9 2 2 2 6
Inferred clearly  from comments n 0 0 0 3 4 5 0 12 1 4 7 12 0 0 1 1
% 3% 20% 7% 29% 47% 63% 7% 44% 7% 35% 50% 23% 1% 1% 6% 1%
Don’t know n 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 1
% 3% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 2% 0% 2% 0% 0% 1% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Not Answered n 3 2 2 2 1 0 7 3 3 0 7 10 1 1 0 2
% 10% 20% 14% 14% 6% 0% 13% 8% 6% 0% 35% 11% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Conflicting answers:
  • Selected more than one answer option, intended response could not be interpreted from comments
n 0 0 0 5 32 1 38
% 0% 0% 0% 2% 14% 2% 7%
Total n 31 10 14 14 17 8 55 39 54 20 20 94 351 232 49 632

In addition to the above responses, 9 respondents selected ‘other’ in addition to one of the above answer options (8 - individuals, 1 - organisation ‘other’).

Table A2.3: Question 3 — Should this policy treat ice-cream and dairy desserts as discretionary foods?

Response Type Organisations Orgs - Subtotals Organisations – by stance on mandatory measures Total - all orgs Individuals – by stance on mandatory measures Total - all inds
PS TS Oth IRB M R & OoH Non Ind Ind F A N F A N
Yes n 19 8 6 1 2 1 33 4 36 1 0 37 237 15 17 269
Inferred clearly from comments n 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 1
% 61% 80% 50% 7% 12% 13% 62% 10% 69% 5% 0% 40% 68% 7% 35% 43%
No n 6 0 5 1 6 4 11 11 11 6 5 22 71 199 21 291
Inferred clearly from comments n 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 2 0 1 1 2 0 4 0 4
% 19% 0% 36% 21% 35% 50% 20% 33% 20% 35% 30% 25% 20% 88% 43% 47%
Don’t know n 3 1 0 4 1 0 4 5 2 3 4 9 36 8 10 54
% 10% 10% 0% 29% 6% 0% 7% 13% 4% 15% 20% 10% 10% 3% 20% 9%
Not answered n 3 1 2 6 8 3 6 17 4 9 10 23 3 6 1 10
% 10% 10% 14% 43% 47% 38% 11% 44% 7% 45% 50% 25% 1% 3% 2% 2%
Conflicting answers:
  • Selected ‘Yes’ (may have meant ‘No’ based on comments)
n 0 0 0 1 0 0 1
% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
  • Selected ‘No’ (may have meant ‘Yes’ based on comments)
n 0 0 0 2 0 0 2
% 0% 0% 0% 1% 0% 0% 0%
Total n 31 10 14 14 17 8 55 39 54 20 20 94 351 232 49 632

Table A2.4: Question 5A — In relation to the foods being targeted, should this policy seek to: Restrict multi-buys?

Response Type Organisations Orgs - Subtotals Organisations – by stance on mandatory measures Total - all orgs Individuals – by stance on mandatory measures Total - all inds
PS TS Oth IRB M R & OoH Non Ind Ind F A N F A N
Yes n 22 4 10 1 6 2 36 9 41 2 2 45 272 14 22 308
Inferred clearly  from comments n 0 1 1 0 1 2 2 3 3 0 2 5 0
% 71% 50% 79% 7% 41% 50% 69% 31% 82% 10% 20% 53% 78% 6% 45% 49%
No n 2 0 0 5 1 2 2 8 0 8 2 10 51 206 20 277
Inferred clearly  from comments n 0 0 0 1 2 0 0 3 0 3 0 3 0 1 0 1
% 6% 0% 0% 43% 18% 25% 4% 28% 0% 55% 10% 14% 15% 89% 41% 44%
Don’t know n 2 1 0 0 0 0 3 0 2 0 1 3 23 3 6 32
% 7% 10% 0% 0% 0% 0% 5% 0% 4% 0% 5% 3% 7% 1% 12% 5%
Not answered n 5 4 3 7 7 2 12 16 8 7 13 28 5 6 1 12
% 16% 40% 21% 50% 41% 25% 22% 41% 15% 35% 65% 30% 1% 3% 2% 2%
Conflicting answers:
  • Selected ‘Yes’ (may have meant ‘No’ based on comments)
n 0 0 0 0 1 0 1
% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Possible conflicting answers:
  • Selected ‘Yes’ (may have meant ‘No’ based on responses to other questions)
n 0 0 0 0 1 0 1
% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Total n 31 10 14 14 17 8 55 39 54 20 20 94 351 232 49 632

Table A2.5: Question 5B — In relation to the foods being targeted, should this policy seek to: Restrict sales of unlimited amounts for a fixed charge?

Response Type Organisations Orgs - Subtotals Organisations – by stance on mandatory measures Total - all orgs Individuals – by stance on mandatory measures Total - all inds
PS TS Oth IRB M R & OoH Non Ind Ind F A N F A N
Yes n 23 4 10 1 6 2 37 9 41 1 4 46 261 16 21 298
Inferred clearly  from comments n 0 0 1 0 1 2 1 3 2 0 2 4 0 1 0 1
% 74% 40% 79% 7% 41% 50% 69% 31% 80% 5% 30% 53% 74% 7% 43% 47%
No n 1 0 0 3 1 1 1 5 0 6 0 6 44 201 22 267
Inferred clearly  from comments n 0 0 0 1 2 0 0 3 0 3 0 3 0 1 0 1
% 3% 0% 0% 29% 18% 13% 2% 21% 0% 45% 0% 9% 13% 87% 45% 42%
Don’t know n 3 1 0 1 0 1 4 2 3 2 1 6 39 6 5 50
% 10% 10% 0% 7% 0% 13% 7% 5% 6% 10% 5% 6% 11% 3% 10% 8%
Not answered n 4 5 3 8 7 2 12 17 8 8 13 29 7 6 1 14
% 13% 50% 21% 57% 41% 25% 22% 44% 15% 40% 65% 31% 2% 3% 2% 2%
Possible conflicting answers:
  • Selected ‘Yes’ (may have meant ‘No’ based on responses to other questions)
n 0 0 0 0 1 0 1
% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Total n 31 10 14 14 17 8 55 39 54 20 20 94 351 232 49 632

Table A2.6: Question 5C — In relation to the foods being targeted, should this policy seek to: NOT restrict temporary price reductions?

Response Type Organisations Orgs - Subtotals Organisations – by stance on mandatory measures Total - all orgs Individuals – by stance on mandatory measures Total - all inds
PS TS Oth IRB M R & OoH Non Ind Ind F A N F A N
Yes n 9 1 2 5 4 1 12 10 13 7 2 22 141 184 31 356
Inferred clearly  from comments n 1 1 1 2 5 1 3 8 4 6 1 11 1 6 2 9
% 32% 20% 21% 50% 53% 25% 27% 46% 32% 65% 15% 35% 41% 82% 67% 57%
No n 13 3 4 0 1 3 20 4 21 2 1 24 133 8 11 152
Inferred clearly  from comments n 0 0 0 1 0 0 1
% 42% 30% 29% 0% 6% 38% 36% 10% 39% 10% 5% 26% 38% 3% 22% 24%
Don’t know n 2 1 4 0 0 0 7 0 6 0 1 7 36 2 2 40
% 7% 10% 29% 0% 0% 0% 13% 0% 11% 0% 5% 7% 10% 1% 4% 6%
Not answered n 6 4 3 7 7 3 13 17 10 5 15 30 36 9 2 47
% 19% 40% 21% 50% 41% 38% 24% 44% 19% 25% 75% 32% 10% 4% 4% 7%
Conflicting answers:
  • Selected ‘No’ (may have meant ‘Yes’ based on comments)
n 0 0 0 3 16 1 20
% 0% 0% 0% 1% 7% 2% 3%
Possible conflicting answers:
  • Selected ‘No’ (may have meant ‘Yes’ based on responses to other questions)
n 0 0 0 0 7 0 7
% 0% 0% 0% 0% 3% 0% 1%
Total n 31 10 14 14 17 8 55 39 54 20 20 94 351 232 49 632

Table A2.7: Question 5D — In relation to the foods being targeted, should this policy seek to: NOT restrict multi-packs?

Response Type Organisations Orgs - Subtotals Organisations – by stance on mandatory measures Total - all orgs Individuals – by stance on mandatory measures Total - all inds
PS TS Oth IRB M R & OoH Non Ind Ind F A N F A N
Yes n 11 1 4 5 3 1 16 9 15 7 3 25 126 187 29 342
Inferred clearly  from comments n 1 0 1 2 5 1 2 8 3 6 1 10 1 7 1 9
% 39% 10% 36% 50% 47% 25% 33% 44% 33% 65% 20% 38% 36% 84% 61% 55%
No n 11 3 5 0 2 2 19 4 22 1 0 23 141 8 10 159
Inferred clearly  from comments n 0 0 0 1 0 0 1
% 36% 30% 36% 0% 12% 25% 35% 10% 41% 5% 0% 25% 41% 3% 20% 25%
Don’t know n 2 1 1 0 0 1 4 1 3 1 1 5 38 2 6 46
% 7% 10% 7% 0% 0% 13% 7% 3% 6% 5% 5% 5% 11% 1% 12% 7%
Not answered n 6 5 3 7 7 3 14 17 11 5 15 31 41 7 2 50
% 19% 50% 21% 50% 41% 38% 25% 44% 20% 25% 75% 33% 12% 3% 4% 8%
Conflicting answers:
  • Selected ‘No’ (may have meant ‘Yes’ based on comments)
n 0 0 0 3 15 1 19
% 0% 0% 0% 1% 7% 2% 3%
Possible conflicting answers:
  • Selected ‘No’ (may have meant ‘Yes’ based on responses to other questions)
n 0 0 0 0 6 0 6
% 0% 0% 0% 0% 3% 0% 1%
Total n 31 10 14 14 17 8 55 39 54 20 20 94 351 232 49 632

Table A2.8: Question 7 — Should the restrictions apply to any place where targeted foods are sold to the public, except where they are not sold in the course of business (e.g. charity bake sales)?

Response Type Organisations Orgs - Subtotals Organisations – by stance on mandatory measures Total - all orgs Individuals – by stance on mandatory measures Total - all inds
PS TS Oth IRB M R & OoH Non Ind Ind F A N F A N
Yes n 19 6 11 2 7 4 36 13 40 4 5 49 281 22 20 323
Inferred clearly  from comments n 0 1 1 1 1 2 2 4 2 1 3 6 1 0 0 1
% 61% 70% 86% 21% 47% 75% 69% 44% 78% 25% 40% 58% 80% 10% 41% 51%
No n 6 1 0 2 1 1 7 4 6 4 1 11 44 190 20 254
Inferred clearly  from comments n 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 2 0 2 0 2 1 0 0 1
% 19% 10% 0% 21% 12% 13% 13% 15% 11% 30% 5% 14% 13% 82% 41% 40%
Don’t know n 3 2 0 1 0 1 5 2 4 2 1 7 11 11 7 29
% 10% 20% 0% 7% 0% 13% 9% 5% 7% 10% 5% 7% 3% 5% 14% 5%
Not answered n 3 0 2 7 7 0 5 14 2 7 10 19 8 9 2 19
% 10% 0% 14% 50% 41% 0% 9% 36% 4% 35% 50% 20% 2% 4% 4% 3%
Conflicting answers
  • Selected ‘No’ (may have meant ‘Yes’ based on comments)
n 0 0 0 5 0 0 5
% 0% 0% 0% 1% 0% 0% 1%
Total n 31 10 14 14 17 8 55 39 54 20 20 94 351 232 49 632

Table A2.9: Question 9 — Should restrictions to displaying targeted foods at end of aisle, checkouts etc., not apply where there is no reasonable alternative to displaying them elsewhere?

Response Type Organisations Orgs - Subtotals Organisations – by stance on mandatory measures Total - all orgs Individuals – by stance on mandatory measures Total - all inds
PS TS Oth IRB M R & OoH Non Ind Ind F A N F A N
Yes n 10 3 5 4 6 4 18 14 20 9 3 32 110 106 16 232
Inferred clearly  from comments n 1 0 1 3 4 1 2 8 2 7 1 10 0 19 0 19
% 35% 30% 43% 50% 59% 63% 36% 56% 41% 80% 20% 40% 31% 54% 33% 40%
No n 14 4 3 2 2 1 21 5 24 1 1 26 172 21 13 206
Inferred clearly  from comments n 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 2 4 0 0 4
% 45% 40% 29% 14% 12% 25% 40% 15% 46% 5% 10% 30% 50% 9% 27% 34%
Don’t know n 2 1 2 0 1 0 5 1 3 2 1 6 48 29 12 89
% 7% 10% 14% 0% 6% 0% 9% 3% 6% 10% 5% 6% 14% 13% 25% 14%
Not answered n 4 2 2 5 4 1 8 10 4 1 13 18 7 12 6 25
% 13% 20% 14% 36% 24% 13% 15% 26% 7% 5% 65% 19% 2% 5% 12% 4%
Conflicting answers:
  • Selected ‘Yes’ (may have meant ‘No’ based on comments)
n 0 0 0 8 1 2 11
% 0% 0% 0% 2% 0% 4% 2%
  • Selected ‘No’ (may have meant ‘Yes’ based on comments)
n 0 0 0 2 24 0 26
% 0% 0% 0% 1% 10% 0% 4%
Possible conflicting answers:
  • Selected ‘No’ (may have meant ‘Yes’ based on responses to other questions)
n 0 0 0 0 20 0 20
% 0% 0% 0% 0% 9% 0% 3%
Total n 31 10 14 14 17 8 55 39 54 20 20 94 351 232 49 632

Table A2.10: Question 10A — Should food marked as discounted because it is close to expiry be exempt from: Positioning restrictions (end of aisle, checkouts etc.)?

Response Type Organisations Orgs - Subtotals Organisations – by stance on mandatory measures Total - all orgs Individuals – by stance on mandatory measures Total - all inds
PS TS Oth IRB M R & OoH Non Ind Ind F A N F A N
Yes n 12 3 3 5 6 3 18 14 17 10 5 32 135 149 22 306
Inferred clearly  from comments n 0 1 1 0 1 0 2 1 2 1 0 3 0 6 0 6
% 39% 40% 29% 36% 41% 38% 36% 38% 35% 55% 25% 37% 39% 67% 45% 49%
No n 13 3 6 1 2 2 22 5 26 1 0 27 176 20 15 211
Inferred clearly  from comments n 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 0 2 1 0 0 1
% 42% 30% 50% 7% 18% 25% 42% 15% 50% 10% 0% 31% 50% 9% 31% 33%
Don’t know n 1 1 1 0 0 0 3 0 2 0 1 3 19 11 3 33
% 3% 10% 7% 0% 0% 0% 5% 0% 4% 0% 5% 3% 5% 5% 6% 5%
Not answered n 5 2 2 8 7 3 9 18 6 7 14 27 8 13 6 27
% 16% 20% 14% 57% 41% 38% 16% 46% 11% 35% 70% 29% 2% 6% 12% 4%
Conflicting answers:
  • Selected ‘Yes’ (may have meant ‘No’ based on comments)
n 0 0 0 4 0 0 4
% 0% 0% 0% 1% 0% 0% 1%
  • Selected ‘No’ (may have meant ‘Yes’ based on comments)
n 0 0 0 8 20 3 31
% 0% 0% 0% 2% 9% 6% 5%
Possible conflicting answers:
  • Selected ‘No’ (may have meant ‘Yes’ based on responses to other questions)
n 0 0 0 0 13 0 13
% 0% 0% 0% 0% 6% 0% 2%
Total n 31 10 14 14 17 8 55 39 54 20 20 94 351 232 49 632

Table A2.11: Question 10B — Should food marked as discounted because it is close to expiry be exempt from: Promotion of value’ restrictions?

Response Type Organisations Orgs - Subtotals Organisations – by stance on mandatory measures Total - all orgs Individuals – by stance on mandatory measures Total - all inds
PS TS Oth IRB M R & OoH Non Ind Ind F A N F A N
Yes n 13 3 4 5 6 3 20 14 20 10 4 34 117 141 22 280
Inferred clearly  from comments n 0 1 1 0 1 0 2 1 2 1 0 3 0 7 0 7
% 42% 40% 36% 36% 41% 38% 40% 38% 41% 55% 20% 39% 33% 64% 45% 45%
No n 11 2 6 1 2 2 19 5 22 1 1 24 172 18 10 200
Inferred clearly  from comments n 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 0 2 1 0 0 1
% 35% 20% 50% 7% 18% 25% 36% 15% 43% 10% 5% 28% 49% 8% 20% 32%
Don’t know n 1 2 0 0 0 0 3 0 2 0 1 3 41 15 9 65
% 3% 20% 0% 0% 0% 0% 5% 0% 4% 0% 5% 3% 12% 7% 18% 10%
Not answered n 6 2 2 8 7 3 10 18 7 7 14 28 11 16 6 33
% 19% 20% 14% 57% 41% 38% 18% 46% 13% 35% 70% 30% 3% 7% 12% 5%
Conflicting answers:
  • Selected ‘Yes’ (may have meant ‘No’ based on comments)
n 0 0 0 3 0 0 3
% 0% 0% 0% 1% 0% 0% 1%
  • Selected ‘No’ (may have meant ‘Yes’ based on comments)
n 0 0 0 6 22 2 30
% 0% 0% 0% 2% 10% 4% 5%
Possible conflicting answers:
  • Selected ‘No’ (may have meant ‘Yes’ based on responses to other questions)
n 0 0 0 0 13 0 13
% 0% 0% 0% 0% 6% 0% 2%
Total n 31 10 14 14 17 8 55 39 54 20 20 94 351 232 49 632

Contact

Email: Leigh.Edwardson@gov.scot