Information

Recorded crime in Scotland: robbery 2008-2009 and 2017-2018

This report presents information on ‘Robberies’ recorded by the police.

This document is part of a collection


Tables

Please note:

  • Where no records were found a dash (-) has been used to signify this.
  • Where a percentage is based on a low base, of less than five records, an asterisk (*) has been used to signify this.

Table 4: Crimes of Robbery by Location, 2008-09 and 2017-18.

Sample Year Percentage of Robberies 1 Estimated Volume of Robbery 2 Number Sampled
2008-09
In a Dwelling 3 14% 410 69
In the Street or Open Space 75% 2,230 377
In a Retail or Other Business setting 11% 330 55
In a Private Space 4 12% 360 60
In a Public Space 88% 2,610 441
All Recorded Robbery 100% 2,963 501
2017-18
In a Dwelling 29% 450 130
In the Street or Open Space 55% 860 249
In a Retail or Other Business setting 16% 250 71
In a Private Space 27% 420 121
In a Public Space 73% 1,140 329
All Recorded Robbery 100% 1,556 450
Change between 2008-09 and 2017-18
In a Dwelling 15% 40
In the Street or Open Space -20% -1,370
In a Retail or Other Business setting No Change -80
In a Private Space 15% 70
In a Public Space -15% -1,470
All Recorded Robbery n/a -1,407

1. Percentages may not sum to 100% due to rounding

2. All estimated volumes of Robbery are rounded to the nearest 10

3. A 'Dwelling' location includes both robbery within a private property (i.e. behind a front-door) and the communal areas of residential buildings (for example a stairwell in a block of flats)

4. A 'Private Space' location only includes robbery within a private property (i.e. behind a front-door)

Table 5: Crimes of Robbery by Location, SIMD and Urban/Rural classification, 2008-09 and 2017-18.

Sample Year Percentage of Robberies 1 Estimated Volume of Robbery 2 Number Sampled
2008-09
In Scotland's Most Deprived Areas 37% 1,110 187
Everywhere else 52% 1,540 261
Unknown 11% 310 53
In an Urban Area 86% 2,540 429
In a Small Town 3% 80 13
In a Rural Area 1% 40 6
Unknown 11% 310 53
All Recorded Robbery 100% 2,963 501
2017-18
In Scotland's Most Deprived Areas 35% 550 159
Everywhere else 56% 880 254
Unknown 8% 130 37
In an Urban Area 84% 1,300 376
In a Small Town 6% 90 27
In a Rural Area 2% 40 10
Unknown 8% 130 37
All Recorded Robbery 100% 1,556 450
Change between 2008-09 and 2017-18
In Scotland's Most Deprived Areas No Change -560
Everywhere else No Change -660
Unknown No Change -180
In an Urban Area No Change -1,240
In a Small Town No Change 10
In a Rural Area No Change 0
Unknown No Change -180
All Recorded Robbery n/a -1,407

1. Percentages may not sum to 100% due to rounding

2. All estimated volumes of Robbery are rounded to the nearest 10.

3. Two different editions of SIMD were used for the comparison, with SIMD12 compared to robberies from 2008-09 and SIMD16 compared to robberies from 2017-18.

Table 6: Crimes of Robbery by Gender of Victim

Sample Year Percentage of Robberies 1 Estimated Volume of Robbery 2 Number Sampled
2008-09
Male / All Male Group 71% 2,100 355
Female / All Female Group 27% 800 136
Mixed Group / Other / Unknown 2% 60 10
All Recorded Robbery 100% 2,963 501
2017-18
Male / All Male Group 60% 930 270
Female / All Female Group 38% 590 171
Mixed Group / Other / Unknown 2% 30 9
All Recorded Robbery 100% 1,556 450
Change between 2008-09 and 2017-18
Male / All Male Group -11% -1,170
Female / All Female Group 11% -210
Mixed Group / Other / Unknown No Change -30
All Recorded Robbery n/a -1,410

1. Percentages may not sum to 100% due to rounding

2. All estimated volumes of Robbery are rounded to the nearest 10

Table 7 : Crimes of Robbery by Age of Victim

Sample Year Percentage of Robberies 1 Estimated Volume of Robbery 2 Number Sampled
2008-09
Under 13 years old 1% 40 6
Aged 13 to 19 years old 20% 590 99
Aged 20 to 29 years old 33% 980 166
Aged 30 to 39 years old 17% 500 85
Aged 40 and above 30% 890 150
Median Age of Victim: 29 years old
All Recorded Robbery 100% 2,963 501
2017-18
Under 13 years old 3% 50 15
Aged 13 to 19 years old 10% 150 44
Aged 20 to 29 years old 24% 370 106
Aged 30 to 39 years old 24% 370 108
Aged 40 and above 39% 600 174
Median Age of Victim: 35 years old
All Recorded Robbery 100% 1,556 450
Change between 2008-09 and 2017-18
Under 13 years old No Change 10
Aged 13 to 19 years old -10% -440
Aged 20 to 29 years old -10% -610
Aged 30 to 39 years old 7% -130
Aged 40 and above 9% -290
All Recorded Robbery n/a -1,407

1. Percentages will not sum to 100% as a small proportion of robbery has more than one victim, and therefore will appear more than once in the table if they are of different age groups

2. All estimated volumes of Robbery are rounded to the nearest 10

Table 8: Crimes of Robbery by Gender of Perpetrator

Sample Year Percentage of Robberies 1 Estimated Volume of Robbery 2 Number Sampled
2008-09
Male / All Male 88% 2,610 442
Female / All Female 4% 120 21
Mixed Group / Other / Unknown 8% 230 38
All Recorded Robbery 100% 2,963 501
2017-18
Male / All Male 82% 1,270 368
Female / All Female 6% 100 29
Mixed Group / Other / Unknown 12% 180 53
All Recorded Robbery 100% 1,556 450
Change between 2008-09 and 2017-18
Male / All Male -6% -1,340
Female / All Female No Change -20
Mixed Group / Other / Unknown No Change -50
All Recorded Robbery n/a -1,410

1. Percentages may not sum to 100% due to rounding

2. All estimated volumes of Robbery are rounded to the nearest 10

Table 9: Crimes of Robbery by Age of Perpetrator (where known) 3, 4

Sample Year Percentage of Robberies 1 Estimated Volume of Robbery 2 Number Sampled
2008-09
Under 13 years old 1% 30 5
Aged 13 to 19 years old 24% 720 122
Aged 20 to 29 years old 43% 1,260 213
Aged 30 to 39 years old 21% 630 107
Aged 40 and above 7% 210 36
Median Age of Perpetrator: 23 years old
All Recorded Robbery 100% 2,963 501
2017-18
Under 13 years old 2% 30 8
Aged 13 to 19 years old 19% 290 84
Aged 20 to 29 years old 32% 500 145
Aged 30 to 39 years old 32% 500 145
Aged 40 and above 14% 230 65
Median Age of Perpetrator: 28 years old
All Recorded Robbery 100% 1,556 450
Change between 2008-09 and 2017-18
Under 13 years old No Change 0
Aged 13 to 19 years old No Change -430
Aged 20 to 29 years old -10% -760
Aged 30 to 39 years old 11% -130
Aged 40 and above 7% 20
All Recorded Robbery n/a -1,407

1. Percentages will not sum to 100% as many robberies (42% of 2017-18) have more than one perpetrator, and therefore will appear more than once in the table if they are of different age groups

2. All estimated volumes of Robbery are rounded to the nearest 10

3. The table excludes those robberies where no age or estimated age-range was recorded for a perpetrator (15% of 2008-09 sample and 13% of 2017-18 sample).

4. Where an age-range was available (for example 16 to 20 years old), the mid-point of that range was recorded as a best estimate

Table 10: Crimes of Robbery by Gender of Victims and Perpetrators 3

Sample Year Percentage of Robberies 1 Estimated Volume of Robbery 2 Number Sampled
2008-09
All Male Victims and Perpetrators 65% 1,920 324
All Female Victims and Perpetrators 4% 110 19
Female Victims / Male Perpetrators 22% 650 109
Male Victims / Female Perpetrators * * 2
Mixed gender Victims and Perpetrators 8% 230 38
Victim or Perpetrator gender unknown 2% 50 9
All Recorded Robbery 100% 2,963 501
2017-18
All Male Victims and Perpetrators 51% 800 231
All Female Victims and Perpetrators 4% 70 19
Female Victims / Male Perpetrators 29% 450 129
Male Victims / Female Perpetrators 2% 30 9
Mixed gender Victims and Perpetrators 13% 200 57
Victim or Perpetrator gender unknown 1% 20 5
All Recorded Robbery 100% 1,556 450
Change between 2008-09 and 2017-18
All Male Victims and Perpetrators -13% -1,120
All Female Victims and Perpetrators No Change -40
Female Victims / Male Perpetrators 7% -200
Male Victims / Female Perpetrators * *
Mixed gender Victims and Perpetrators 5% -30
Victim or Perpetrator gender unknown No Change -30
All Recorded Robbery n/a -1,407

1. Percentages may not sum to 100% due to rounding

2. All estimated volumes of Robbery are rounded to the nearest 10

3. 'Mixed gender Victims and Perpetrators' is where a robbery has multiple perpetrators (or less likely multiple victims) of different genders

Table 11: Crimes of Robbery by Relationship of Victim to Perpetrator 3

Sample Year Percentage of Robberies 1 Estimated Volume of Robbery 2 Number Sampled
2008-09
Strangers 76% 2,240 379
Acquaintances / 'Know of' each other 16% 460 78
Partners / Ex-Partners / Relatives 2% 70 11
Unknown 7% 200 33
Known to Victim 18% 530 89
Not known to Victim 76% 2,240 379
Unknown 7% 200 33
All Recorded Robbery 100% 2,963 501
2017-18
Strangers 63% 990 285
Acquaintances / 'Know of' each other 24% 370 106
Partners / Ex-Partners / Relatives 11% 170 48
Unknown 2% 40 11
Known to Victim 34% 530 154
Not known to Victim 63% 990 285
Unknown 2% 40 11
All Recorded Robbery 100% 1,556 450
Change between 2008-09 and 2017-18
Strangers -12% -1,250
Acquaintances / 'Know of' each other 8% -90
Partners / Ex-Partners / Relatives 8% 100
Unknown No Change -160
Known to Victim 16% 0
Not known to Victim -12% -1,250
Unknown No Change -160
All Recorded Robbery n/a -1,407

1. Percentages may not sum to 100% due to rounding

2. All estimated volumes of Robbery are rounded to the nearest 10

3. Where a robbery has multiple perpetrators, including some known to and not known to the victim, this has been classified in the table as 'Known to Victim'

Table 12: Crimes of Robbery by Use of Weapon

Sample Year Percentage of Robberies 1 Estimated Volume of Robbery 2 Number Sampled
2008-09
Knife or other Bladed/Pointed Article 43% 1,270 215
Other Weapon Type 15% 430 73
No Weapon used 43% 1,260 213
Weapon used 57% 1,700 288
No Weapon used 43% 1,260 213
All Recorded Robbery 100% 2,963 501
2017-18
Knife or other Bladed/Pointed Article 35% 550 158
Other Weapon Type 16% 250 72
No Weapon used 49% 760 220
Weapon used 51% 800 230
No Weapon used 49% 760 220
All Recorded Robbery 100% 1,556 450
Change between 2008-09 and 2017-18
Knife or other Bladed/Pointed Article -8% -720
Other Weapon Type No Change -180
No Weapon used No Change -500
Weapon used No Change -900
No Weapon used No Change -500
All Recorded Robbery n/a -1,407

1. Percentages may not sum to 100% due to rounding

2. All estimated volumes of Robbery are rounded to the nearest 10

Table 13: Crimes of Robbery by Physical Injury sustained by Victim 3

Sample Year Percentage of Robberies 1 Estimated Volume of Robbery 2 Number Sampled
2008-09
No Physical Injuries reported 67% 1,990 336
Common Assault level Injury 27% 800 135
Serious Assault level Injury 6% 180 30
Unknown - - 0
No Physical Injuries reported 67% 1,990 336
Physical Injuries reported 33% 980 165
Unknown - - 0
All Recorded Robbery 100% 2,963 501
2017-18
No Physical Injuries reported 60% 930 268
Common Assault level Injury 32% 500 145
Serious Assault level Injury 8% 120 36
Unknown * * 1
No Physical Injuries reported 60% 930 268
Physical Injuries reported 40% 630 181
Unknown * * 1
All Recorded Robbery 100% 1,556 450
Change between 2008-09 and 2017-18
No Physical Injuries reported No Change -1,060
Common Assault level Injury No Change -300
Serious Assault level Injury No Change -60
Unknown * *
No Physical Injuries reported No Change -1,060
Physical Injuries reported No Change -350
Unknown * *
All Recorded Robbery n/a -1,407

1. Percentages may not sum to 100% due to rounding

2. All estimated volumes of Robbery are rounded to the nearest 10

3. Where a victim sustained multiple physical injuries (or there was more than one injured victim during the robbery), the most serious injury has been used to classify the case in the table

Table 14: Crimes of Robbery by Method of Reporting to Police

Sample Year Percentage of Robberies 1 Estimated Volume of Robbery 2 Number Sampled
2008-09
By Victim or on behalf of Victim 84% 2,500 423
By a Witness 11% 310 53
Police Patrol / Other Investigation 2% 70 11
Other / Unknown 3% 80 14
All Recorded Robbery 100% 2,963 501
2017-18
By Victim or on behalf of Victim 78% 1,220 353
By a Witness 17% 260 75
Police Patrol / Other Investigation 2% 30 9
Other / Unknown 3% 50 13
All Recorded Robbery 100% 1,556 450
Change between 2008-09 and 2017-18
By Victim or on behalf of Victim No Change -1,280
By a Witness No Change -50
Police Patrol / Other Investigation No Change -40
Other / Unknown No Change -30
All Recorded Robbery n/a -1,407

1. Percentages may not sum to 100% due to rounding

2. All estimated volumes of Robbery are rounded to the nearest 10

Table 15: Crimes of Robbery by the Most Common Items Stolen

Sample Year Percentage of Robberies 1 Estimated Volume of Robbery 2 Number Sampled
2008-09
Cash 53% 1,580 267
Mobile Phone 30% 880 148
Non-Mobile Electronics 7% 210 35
Jewellery 4% 120 20
Car / Scooter / Bike 3% 100 16
Alcohol / Cigarettes 2% 70 12
No Items taken (Attempted Robbery) 19% 560 94
All Recorded Robbery 100% 2,963 501
2017-18
Cash 42% 650 189
Mobile Phone 27% 420 121
Non-Mobile Electronics 6% 90 27
Jewellery 5% 80 23
Car / Scooter / Bike 4% 60 17
Alcohol / Cigarettes 7% 110 31
No Items taken (Attempted Robbery) 26% 400 115
All Recorded Robbery 100% 1,556 450
Change between 2008-09 and 2017-18
Cash -11% -930
Mobile Phone No Change -460
Non-Mobile Electronics No Change -120
Jewellery No Change -40
Car / Scooter / Bike No Change -40
Alcohol / Cigarettes 4% 40
No Items taken (Attempted Robbery) 7% -160
All Recorded Robbery n/a -1,407

1. Percentages will not sum to 100% as robberies can include the taking of multiple items from the victim, and therefore will appear more than once in the table if they are of different types

2. All estimated volumes of Robbery are rounded to the nearest 10

Table 16: Crimes of Robbery by Gender of Victim, Location 3 , Relationship to Perpetrator(s) 4 and Use of Weapon

2008-09 2017-18 Change between 2008-09 and 2017-18
Characteristics of the robbery Percentage of Robberies 1 Estimated Volume of Robbery 2 Number Sampled Percentage of Robberies 1 Estimated Volume of Robbery 2 Number Sampled Percentage of Robberies 1 Estimated Volume of Robbery 2
Male victim / Public space / Known to victim / No weapon used 5% 150 25 5% 80 22 No Change -70
Male victim / Public space / Known to victim / Weapon used 3% 80 14 3% 50 15 No Change -30
Male victim / Public space / Not known to victim / No weapon used 18% 530 90 15% 240 68 No Change -290
Male victim / Public space / Not known to victim / Weapon used 32% 950 160 21% 330 95 -11% -620
Male victim / Private space / Known to victim / No weapon used * * 4 2% 30 10 * *
Male victim / Private space / Known to victim / Weapon used 4% 110 19 8% 120 34 4% 10
Male victim / Private space / Not known to victim / No weapon used 1% 40 6 1% 20 6 No Change -20
Male victim / Private space / Not known to victim / Weapon used 2% 70 11 3% 50 14 No Change -20
Female victim / Public space / Known to victim / No weapon used 2% 70 12 5% 70 21 No Change 0
Female victim / Public space / Known to victim / Weapon used * * 3 2% 30 8 * *
Female victim / Public space / Not known to victim / No weapon used 11% 330 55 12% 180 52 No Change -150
Female victim / Public space / Not known to victim / Weapon used 9% 270 45 7% 110 32 No Change -160
Female victim / Private space / Known to victim / No weapon used 1% 30 5 7% 100 30 6% 70
Female victim / Private space / Known to victim / Weapon used * * 3 2% 40 11 * *
Female victim / Private space / Not known to victim / No weapon used - - - 1% 20 5 * *
Female victim / Private space / Not known to victim / Weapon used 1% 40 6 2% 20 7 No Change -20
Mix or unknown victim gender or unknown relationship 9% 250 43 4% 70 20 -4% -180
All Recorded Robbery 100% 2,963 501 100% 1,556 450 n/a -1,407

1. Percentages may not sum to 100% due to rounding

2. All estimated volumes of Robbery are rounded to the nearest 10

3. A 'Private Space' location only includes robbery within a private property (i.e. behind a front-door)

4. Where a robbery has multiple perpetrators, including some known to and not known to the victim, this has been classified in the table as 'Known to Victim'

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