HEALTH RISK ANALYSIS
A key STAC function is to conduct an assessment of the risk to public health associated with the emergency, to decide on advice regarding options for managing the risks and to agree on advice to be given out. Details of the steps in Health Risk Analysis are provided below.
Health Risk Analysis incorporates:
- Risk Assessment ( RA)
- Risk Management ( RM) and
- Risk Communication ( RC)
- Identify and collate information on the nature, scope and scale of the threat or hazard (see Appendices B & P).
- Consider the information on the hazard and the expert advice required.
- Assess the actual or potential risks to health associated with exposure to the threat or hazard.
- Formulate conclusions and provide advice to the police commander/SCG chair on the health impact of the emergency.
- Agree and advise on any additional information required for ongoing dynamic risk assessment ( e.g. air quality or other environmental monitoring/analysis, plume modelling).
Consider options for urgent control measures:
- To prevent primary exposure of the public:
- Action of water/food supplies
- To prevent ongoing exposure of casualties:
- To minimise health impact of exposure:
- Prophylaxis treatment
- Personal Protective Equipment
- Advice on delayed health effects
- Agree with the police commander/
chair, advice on the health aspects of the emergency to be
- To the public (via media etc)
- To the
- Hospital services
- Primary care/ NHS24
- Scottish Ambulance Service
- NHS Board Management
- To other agencies
- Local Authority departments (Education, Social Work etc).