Information

Plant Health Guide: guidance for importers

The guide summarises the plant health controls which apply to the import into Scotland of plants, seeds, plant products, plant pests, soil and growing medium from countries outside the European Union.


APPENDIX A - SUMMARY OF IMPORT REQUIREMENTS FOR PLANTS, PLANT PRODUCE AND PRODUCTS

This Appendix is divided into six sections showing requirements for:

I Plants
II Fruit
III Seeds for planting
IV Cut flowers, foliage and vegetables
V Potatoes
VI Other (Grain, soil, and growing medium)

Section I: Plants

All plants (including bulbs, tubers, rhizomes and fungi) which are permitted to enter the European Union must be accompanied by a phytosanitary certificate at the time of import.

Permitted trees, shrubs and annual and biennial plants originating in non- EU countries, other than countries in the Euro-Mediterranean area, must be free from plant debris, flowers and fruit. In addition, permitted deciduous trees and shrubs originating outside the Euro-Mediterranean area must also be dormant and free from leaves.

Requirements for imports of bonsai-type plants from non- EU countries are particularly complex and are explained in a separate leaflet Explanatory Leaflet on Importing Naturally or Artificially Dwarfed ('Bonsai') Plants into Great Britain ( PHI 9). For a copy of the leaflet contact the Plant Health Admin Support Team (See Appendix B ) or see: www.defra.gov.uk/corporate/regulat/forms/phealth/phi-9pdf

For the purposes of plant health controls, Switzerland is regarded as an- EU country unless shown otherwise below.

NB : See also Section VI for the requirements in respect of soil and growing medium attached to or associated with plants.

Botanical name

Common name

Origin

Requirement

Gramineae

Grasses and cereals

Countries in the Euro-Mediterranean area

Other non- EU countries

Phytosanitary certificate

Prohibited 1

Palmae (other than Phoenix)

Palm

All non- EU countries (other than Switzerland)

Phytosanitary certificate

Palmae (other than Phoenix) originating in Algeria or Morocco

Palm

Switzerland

Phytosanitary certificate

Solanaceae

(note tighter restrictions on Solanum: see below)

Aubergine, tomato, sweet pepper, petunia etc

Countries in the Euro-Mediterranean area

Other non- EU countries

Phytosanitary certificate

Prohibited

Abies

Fir

Non- EU European countries

Non-European countries

Phytosanitary certificate

Prohibited

Castanea (with leaves)

Sweet chestnut

Non- EU European countries

Non-European countries

Phytosanitary certificate

Prohibited

Cedrus

Cedar

Non- EU European countries

Non-European countries

Phytosanitary certificate

Prohibited

Chaenomeles 2

Japonica

All non- EU countries

Phytosanitary certificate

Chamaecyparis

False cypress

Non- EU European countries

Non-European countries

Phytosanitary certificate

Prohibited

Citrus and hybrids

Orange, lemon, lime etc

All non- EU countries (including Switzerland)

Prohibited

Clausena

All non- EU countries (including Switzerland)

Phytosanitary certificate

Crataegus 2

Hawthorn

All non- EU countries

Phytosanitary certificate

Cydonia and hybrids 2

Quince

Countries in the Euro-Mediterranean area, Australia, New Zealand, Canada and the continental states of the USA

Other non- EC countries

Phytosanitary certificate

Prohibited

Fragaria

Strawberry

Countries in the Euro-Mediterranean area, Australia, New Zealand, Canada and the continental states of the USA

Other non- EU countries

Phytosanitary certificate

Prohibited

Fortunella and hybrids

Kumquat

All non- EU countries (including Switzerland)

Prohibited

Juniperus

Juniper

Non- EU European countries

Non-European countries

Phytosanitary certificate

Prohibited

Larix

Larch

Non- EU European countries

Non-European countries

Phytosanitary certificate

Prohibited

Malus and hybrids 2

Apple

Countries in the Euro-Mediterranean area, Australia, New Zealand, Canada and the continental states of the USA

Other non- EU countries

Phytosanitary certificate

Prohibited

Murraya

Curry tree, Curry leaf tree

All non- EU countries (including Switzerland)

Phytosanitary certificate

Phoenix

Date palm

Algeria and Morocco

Other non- EU countries

Prohibited

Phytosanitary certificate

Photinia 3

Photinia

USA, China, Japan, the Republic of Korea and Democratic People's Republic of Korea

Other non- EU countries

Prohibited

Phytosanitary certificate

Picea

Spruce

Non- EU European countries

Non-European countries

Phytosanitary certificate

Prohibited

Pinus

Pine

Non- EU European countries

Non-European countries

Phytosanitary certificate

Prohibited

Populus (with leaves)

Poplar, aspen

North American countries

Other non- EU countries

Prohibited

Phytosanitary certificate

Poncirus and hybrids

Ornamental citrus

All non- EU countries (including Switzerland)

Prohibited

Prunus and hybrids 2

Cherry, plum, peach, flowering almond etc.

Countries in the Euro-Mediterranean area, Australia, New Zealand, Canada and the continental states of the USA

Other non- EU countries

Phytosanitary certificate

Prohibited

Pseudotsuga

Douglas fir

Non- EU European countries

Non-European countries

Phytosanitary certificate

Prohibited

Pyrus and hybrids 2

Pear

Countries in the Euro-Mediterranean area, Australia, New Zealand, Canada and the continental states of the USA

Other non- EU countries

Phytosanitary certificate

Prohibited

Quercus (with leaves)

Oak

Non- EU European countries

Non-European countries

Phytosanitary certificate

Prohibited

Rosa 2

Rose

All non- EC countries

Phytosanitary certificate

Plants of Solanaceae intended for planting, other than plants of Solanum species.

Countries in the Euro-Mediterranean area

Other non- EC countries

Phytosanitary certificate

Prohibited

Stolon- or tuber- forming Solanum species and their hybrids other than Solanum tuberosum

(see also Section V)

Various

All non- EU countries

Prohibited

Tsuga

Hemlock

Non- EU European countries

Non-European countries

Phytosanitary certificate

Prohibited

Vitis

Grape vine

All non- EU countries

Prohibited

All other plants, for planting

All non- EU countries

Phytosanitary certificate

In addition to the general requirement for a phytosanitary certificate specific conditions apply under the Plant Health ( Phytophthora ramorum) (Scotland) Order 2004 (as amended) to the import from the USA of the following plants susceptible to Phytophthora ramorum . Contact HMU at the address at Appendix B for more information.

Botanical name

Common name

Acer macrophyllum

Big leaf maple, Oregon maple

Acer pseudoplatanus

Sycamore maple

Adiantum aleuticum

Western maidenhair fern

Adiantum jordanii

California maidenhair fern

Aesculus californica

California buckeye

Aesculus hippocastanum

Horse chestnut

Arbutus menziesii

Madrone

Arbutus unedo

Strawberry tree

Arctostaphylos spp.

Bearberry, Manzanita

Calluna vulgaris

Heather

Camellia spp .

Camellia

Castanea sativa

Sweet chestnut

Fagus sylvatica

European beech

Frangula californica

California buckthorn

Frangula purshiana

Cascara buckthorn, Cascara, bearberry

Fraxinus excelsior

Common ash

Griselinia littoralis

Griselinia

Hamamelis virginiana

Witch hazel

Heteromeles arbutifolia

Toyon

Kalmia latifolia

Mountain laurel

Laurus nobilis

Bay laurel

Leucothoe spp

Highland doghobble

Lithocarpus densiflorus

Tanbark oak

Lonicera hispidula

Honeysuckle

Magnolia spp

Magnolia

Michelia doltsopa

Chinese magnolia

Nothofagus obliqua

Roble beech

Osmanthus heterophyllus

Chinese holly

Photinia x fraseri

Christmas berry

Pieris spp.

Pieris

Pseudotsuga menziesii

Douglas fir

Quercus spp (without leaves)

Oak

Rhododendron spp., (other than Rhododendron simsii)

Rhododendron

Rosa gymnocarpa

Wood rose, Baldhip rose, and Dwarf rose

Salix caprea

Goat willow, Pussy willow or Great sallow

Sequoia sempervirens

Coast redwood

Syringa vulgaris

Common lilac

Taxus spp.

Yew

Trientalis latifolia

Pacific starflower

Umbellularia californica

California laurel, Headache tree

Vaccinium ovatum

Box blueberry

Viburnum spp.

Viburnum

NOTES

1 Plants of ornamental perennial grasses of the subfamilies Bambusoideae and Panicoideae, and of the genera Buchloe, Bouteloua, Calamagrostis, Cortaderia, Glyceria, Hakonechloa, Hystrix, Molinia, Phalaris, Shibataea, Spartina, Stipa and Uniola, may be imported with a phytosanitary certificate.

2 Plants from non-European countries must be dormant, i.e. free from leaves, flowers and fruit.

3 Plants from prohibited countries may be imported with a phytosanitary certificate if dormant, i.e. free from leaves, flowers and fruit.

Section II: Fruit

Botanical name

Common name

Origin

Requirement

Annona

Custard apple

Non-European countries

Non- EU European countries

Phytosanitary certificate

None

Citrus and hybrids 1

Orange, lemon, lime, etc

All non- EU countries (including Switzerland)

Phytosanitary certificate

Cydonia

Quince

Non-European countries

Non- EU European countries

Phytosanitary certificate

None

Diospyros

Persimmon, date plum

Non-European countries

Non- EU European countries

Phytosanitary certificate

None

Fortunella and hybrids 1

Kumquat

All non- EU countries (including Switzerland)

Phytosanitary certificate

Malus

Apple

Non-European countries

Non- EU European countries

Phytosanitary certificate

None

Mangifera

Mango

Non-European countries

Non- EU European countries

Phytosanitary certificate

None

Momordica

Bitter melon

All non- EU countries

Phytosanitary certificate

Passiflora

Passion fruit

Non-European countries

Non- EU European countries

Phytosanitary certificate

None

Poncirus and hybrids 1

Ornamental citrus

All non- EU countries (including Switzerland)

Phytosanitary certificate

Prunus

Includes cherry, plum, peach, apricot

Non-European countries

Non- EU European countries

Phytosanitary certificate

None

Psidium

Guava

Non-European countries

Non- EU European countries

Phytosanitary certificate

None

Pyrus

Pear

Non-European countries

Non- EU European countries

Phytosanitary certificate

None

Ribes

Gooseberry, black-currant, redcurrant

Non-European countries

Non- EU European countries

Phytosanitary certificate

None

Solanum melongena

Aubergine, egg plant

All non- EU countries

Phytosanitary certificate

Syzygium

Jambolan and rose apple

Non-European countries

Non- EU European countries

Phytosanitary certificate

None

Vaccinium

Cranberry, blueberry

Non-European countries

Non- EU European countries

Phytosanitary certificate

None

All other fruit

All non- EU countries

None

NOTE

1 Fruit must be free from leaves and peduncles.

Section III: Seeds for planting

Botanical name

Common name

Origin

Requirement

Cruciferae

Includes brassicas (cabbage, sprouts, cauliflower, mustard, turnip, broccoli), cress and aubretia

Argentina, Australia, Bolivia, Chile, New Zealand and Uruguay

Other non- EU countries

Phytosanitary certificate

None

Gramineae

Grasses and cereals

Argentina, Australia, Bolivia, Chile, New Zealand and Uruguay

Other non- EU countries

Phytosanitary certificate

None

Allium ascalonicum

Shallot

All non- EU countries

Phytosanitary certificate

Allium cepa

Onion

All non- EU countries

Phytosanitary certificate

Allium porrum

Leek

All non- EU countries

Phytosanitary certificate

Allium schoenoprasum

Chives

All non- EU countries

Phytosanitary certificate

Helianthus annuus

Sunflower

All non- EU countries

Phytosanitary certificate

Medicago sativa

Alfalfa (lucerne)

All non- EU countries

Phytosanitary certificate

Oryza

Rice

All non- EU countries (including Switzerland)

Phytosanitary certificate

Phaseolus

Beans

All non- EU countries

Phytosanitary certificate

Pinus

Pine

All non- EU countries

Phytosanitary certificate

Prunus

Includes cherry, plum, peach, apricot and flowering almond

All non- EU countries

Phytosanitary certificate

Pseudotsuga menziesii

Douglas fir

All non- EU countries

Phytosanitary certificate

Rubus

Blackberry, raspberry, dewberry and loganberry

All non- EU countries

Phytosanitary certificate

Secale

Rye

Afghanistan, India, Iraq, Mexico, Nepal, Pakistan, South Africa and the USA

Other non- EU countries

Phytosanitary certificate

None

Solanaceae

(note tighter restriction on Solanum; see below)

Includes aubergine, petunia, sweet peppers' tomato etc.

All non- EU countries

Phytosanitary certificate

Solanum (stolon- and tuber-forming species)

True seed of potato and related species

All non- EU countries

Prohibited

Trifolium

Clover

Argentina, Australia, Bolivia, Chile, New Zealand and Uruguay

Other non- EU countries

Phytosanitary certificate

None

Triticum

Wheat

Afghanistan, India, Iraq, Mexico, Nepal, Pakistan, South Africa and the USA

Other non- EU countries

Phytosanitary certificate

None

X Triticosecale

Triticale

Afghanistan, India, Iraq, Mexico, Nepal, Pakistan, South Africa and the USA

Other non- EU countries

Phytosanitary certificate

None

Vitis

Grape

All non- EU countries

Prohibited

Zea mais

Maize

All non- EU countries

Phytosanitary certificate

All other seed

All non- EU countries

None

Section IV: Cut flowers, foliage and vegetables

This section includes cut flowers, parts of plants for decoration or culinary purposes and vegetables.

Botanical name

Common name

Origin

Requirement

Coniferae (note tighter restrictions on certain genera; see below)

Conifers

All non- EU countries

Phytosanitary certificate

Orchidaceae

Orchids

All non- EU countries

Phytosanitary certificate

Abies

Fir

Non-European countries

Non- EU European countries

Prohibited

Phytosanitary certificate

Acer macrophyllum

Big leaf maple, Oregon maple

USA

Phytosanitary certificate

Acer saccharum

Sugar, hard or rock maple

North America

Phytosanitary certificate

Aesculus californica

California buckeye

USA

Phytosanitary certificate

Apium graveolens

Celery, celeriac

All non- EU countries

Phytosanitary certificate

Arbutus menziesii

Madrone

USA

Phytosanitary certificate

Arctostaphylos spp.

Bearberry, Mazanita

USA

Phytosanitary certificate

Aster

Aster

Non- European countries

Phytosanitary certificate

Castanea (with leaves)

Sweet chestnut

Non-European countries

Non- EU European countries

Prohibited

Phytosanitary certificate

Castanea (without leaves)

Sweet chestnut

All non- EU countries

Phytosanitary certificate

Cedrus

Cedar

Non-European countries

Non- EU European countries

Prohibited

Phytosanitary certificate

Chamaecyparis

False cypress

Non-European countries

Non- EU European countries

Prohibited

Phytosanitary certificate

Citrus and hybrids

Orange, lemon, lime etc

All non- EU countries

Prohibited

Dendranthema

Chrysanthemum

All non- EU countries

Phytosanitary certificate

Dianthus

Pink, carnation

All non- EU countries

Phytosanitary certificate

Eryngium

Sea holly, Eryngo

Non-European countries

Phytosanitary certificate

Fortunella and hybrids

Kumquat

All non- EU countries

Prohibited

Gypsophila

Gypsophila

All non- EU countries

Phytosanitary certificate

Heteromeles arbutifolia

Toyon

USA

Phytosanitary certificate

Hypericum

St John's wort

Non-European countries

Phytosanitary certificate

Juniperus

Juniper

Non-European countries

Non- EU European countries

Prohibited

Phytosanitary certificate

Larix

Larch

Non-European countries

Non- EU European countries

Prohibited

Phytosanitary certificate

Lisianthus

Lisianthus

Non-European countries

Phytosanitary certificate

Lithocarpus densiflorus

Tanbark oak

USA

Phytosanitary certificate

Lonicera hispidula

Honeysuckle

USA

Phytosanitary certificate

Momordica

Bitter melon

All non- EU countries

Phytosanitary certificate

Ocimum

Sweet basil etc

All non- EU countries

Phytosanitary certificate

Pelargonium

Geranium, pelargonium

All non- EU countries

Phytosanitary certificate

Phoenix

Date palm

Algeria and Morocco

Other non- EU countries (including Switzerland)

Prohibited

Phytosanitary certificate

Picea

Spruce

Non-European countries

Non- EU European countries

Prohibited

Phytosanitary certificate

Pinus

Pine

Non-European countries

Non- EU European countries

Prohibited

Phytosanitary certificate

Poncirus and hybrids

Ornamental citrus

All non- EU countries

Prohibited

Populus (with leaves)

Poplar and aspen

North America

Other non- EU countries

Prohibited

Phytosanitary certificate

Populus (without leaves)

Poplar and aspen

All non- EU countries

Phytosanitary certificate

Prunus

Includes cherry, plum, peach, apricot flowering almond etc.

Non-European countries

Phytosanitary certificate

Pseudotsuga

Douglas fir

Non-European countries

Non- EU European countries

Prohibited

Phytosanitary certificate

Quercus (with leaves)

Oak

Non-European countries

Non- EU European countries

Prohibited

Phytosanitary certificate

Quercus (without leaves)

Oak

All non- EU countries

Phytosanitary certificate

Rhamnus californica

Coffeeberry

USA

Phytosanitary certificate

Rhododendron spp. (other than Rhododendron simsii)

Rhododendron

USA

Phytosanitary certificate

Rosa

Rose

Non-European countries

Phytosanitary certificate

Solanum melongena

Aubergine, egg plant

All non- EU countries

Phytosanitary certificate

Solidago

Aaron's rod, Golden rod

All non- EU countries

Phytosanitary certificate

Trachelium

Non-European countries

Phytosanitary certificate

Tsuga

Hemlock

Non-European countries

Non- EU European countries

Prohibited

Phytosanitary certificate

Umbellularia californica

California laurel, Headache tree

USA

Phytosanitary certificate

Vaccinium ovatum

Box blueberry

USA

Phytosanitary certificate

Viburnum spp.

Viburnum

USA

Phytosanitary certificate

Vitis

Grape vine

All non- EU countries

Prohibited

All other cut flowers, foliage and vegetables

All non- EU countries

None

Section V: Potatoes

Botanical name

Common name

Origin

Requirement

Tubers of Solanum tuberosum intended for planting

Seed potatoes

Switzerland

Other non- EU countries

Phytosanitary certificate

Prohibited

Plants of stolon or tuber-forming Solanum species, other than Solanum tuberosum, intended for planting

Seed potatoes

(Exotic species)

All non- EU countries

Prohibited

Tubers of Solanum tuberosum and other tuber-forming Solanum species, other than seed potatoes above

Ware potatoes

Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Libya, Morocco, Switzerland, Syria, Tunisia and Turkey

Other non- EU countries

Phytosanitary certificate

Prohibited

Plants and seeds of stolon- and tuber-forming Solanum species and their hybrids intended for breeding or research in accordance with Commission Directive 2008/61/ EC

Potato breeding material

Non- EU countries

Import licence from Scottish Government ( SASA) and, wherever possible, a phytosanitary certificate

NOTE

For true seed of potato see Section III.

Section VI: Other (Grain, soil and growing medium)

Material

Origin

Requirement

Grain of Triticum (wheat), Secale (rye) and x Triticosecale (triticale)

Afghanistan, India, Iraq, Mexico, Nepal, Pakistan, South Africa and USA

Phytosanitary certificate

Soil and growing medium consisting in whole or in part of soil or solid organic substances such as parts of plants, humus including peat or bark, except that composed entirely of peat

Belarus, Moldova, Russia, Turkey, Ukraine and non- EU countries not belonging to continental Europe (other than Egypt, Israel, Libya, Morocco, and Tunisia)

Continental Europe (excluding Belarus, Moldova, Russia, Turkey and Ukraine) and Egypt, Israel, Libya, Morocco and Tunisia

Prohibited

Phytosanitary certificate

Soil and growing medium attached to or associated with plants, consisting in whole or in part of material specified above or any solid inorganic substance, intended to sustain the vitality of the plants

Belarus, Georgia, Moldova, Russia, Turkey, Ukraine and non-European countries other than Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Libya, Morocco and Tunisia

Phytosanitary certificate

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