National Strategy for Community Justice

This strategy provides a shared vision to help partners and communities work together effectively to improve community justice outcomes.


1 This strategy relates primarily to adults. For children and young people, see the Youth Justice Strategy for Scotland

2 As provided in the Community Justice (Scotland) Act 2016.

3 The Community Justice (Scotland) Act 2016 does not require statutory partners to carry out their duties in a way that would conflict with existing statutory duties. For example, the role of Scottish Courts and Tribunals Service is carried out to the extent that it does not conflict with its role of supporting the courts, or influence sentencing decisions. Similarly, it is fundamental to the prosecution of crime in Scotland that decisions are taken independently by the Lord Advocate, and through his authority, the Crown Office and Procurator Fiscal Service.


5 The National Standards for Community Engagement sets out best practice for engagement between communities and public agencies.

6 Written evidence to the Scottish Parliament: Local Government and Regeneration ( LGR) Committee, 2014, during the stage one scrutiny of the Community Empowerment (Scotland) Act.

7 What Works to Reduce Reoffending

8 Also referred to as 'secondary prevention'.

9 As laid out in the Community Empowerment (Scotland) Act 2015.

10 Scottish Government (2015) The Report of the Ministerial Group on Offender Reintegration

11 Scottish Government (2016) Housing and Reoffending: Supporting People who Serve Short-term sentences. Reid Howie Associates

12 Scottish Government (2016) Community Payback Order: Summary of Local Authority Annual Reports 2014-15

13 NHS Confederation (November 2012) Health and wellbeing boards and criminal justice system agencies: building effective engagement -

14 More details of the strong correlation between imprisonment rates and area deprivation can be found in the 2005 report by Roger Houchin, Social Exclusion and Imprisonment in Scotland

15 Scottish Government (2015) Scottish Welfare Fund: Briefing note for Prisons

16 Scottish Centre for Crime and Justice Research (2013) The use and impact of the Rehabilitation of Offenders Act 1974.

17 Evaluation of the Reducing Reoffending Change Fund (2015)

18 What Works to Reduce Reoffending

19 Reconviction Rates in Scotland: 2013-14 Offender Cohort (2016)

20 Scotland's Choice: Report of the Scottish Prison Commission (2008)

21 What Works to Reduce Reoffending: A Summary of the Evidence) (2015)

22 Community Payback Order Scottish Government Summary of Local Authority Annual Reports 2014-15

23 Scottish Government (2010) Process Evaluation of the DTTO II Pilots

24 What Works to Reduce Reoffending: A Summary of the Evidence (2015)


26 Evaluation of sixteen women's community justice services in Scotland (2015)

27 Further details on planning and reporting, including timelines, is given in the Guidance on the new model for Community Justice.


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