The definition of "disabled" comes from the Equality Act 2010: a person, including a child, is considered to be disabled if they have a physical or mental impairment and the impairment has a substantial and long-term adverse effect on their ability to perform normal day-to-day activities. It includes children and young people with a comprehensive range of physical, emotional, developmental, learning, communication and health care needs. Disabled children are defined as "a child in need" under section 93(4) of the Children (Scotland) Act 1995.
This Guidance uses the social model of disability, which, rather than focusing on medical problems or physical deficits, explores the social and environmental barriers, cultural processes and policy frameworks that disable children with an impairment. (Watson, 2004).
Email: Sandra Aitken