National care standards: care homes for children and young people

National care standards: care homes for children and young people Edition

Annex A Glossary


Something that causes actual or likely significant harm to a child or young person. It may be physical, emotional or sexual or, neglect of a child.


A person assisting a child or young person to put forward their views or make their case on their behalf.


The intentional or perceived causing of pain, distress, anxiety, humiliation or social exclusion to one child by one or more other children, by physical or verbal means, or through damage or loss of property.

Care plan

An agreed plan for looking after a child and meeting his or her needs, made by a placing authority under Children (Scotland) Act 1995 requirements.

Child protection

Taking measures to reduce the risk of physical, emotional or sexual abuse, neglect or significant harm of a child, enabling children or staff to report concerns about actual or potential abuse or significant harm, and responding appropriately to allegations, occurrences and suspicions of abuse or significant harm of a child.

External manager

The person or group of people, sometimes a board or committee, responsible for the work of the care home but not involved in day-to-day management.

Child or young person who is looked after

Is one for whom the local authority has a responsibility to provide accommodation or supervision as set out in Section 17 of the Children (Scotland) Act 1995.

Personal plan

A plan of how the support and care service will be provided within the care home. The personal plan is agreed between the child or young person (and/or their representative) and the care home.

Respite care or 'short breaks'

There are many kinds of arrangements for respite care or short breaks for children. These include provision within a child's home, daytime care, occasional overnight stays and regular periods of care with an approved family or foster carer, or in a residential home. Children who stay away from home overnight are looked after by the local authority and the Arrangements to Look After Children (Scotland) Regulations 1996 apply.


Control to prevent a person from harming themselves or other people by using:

  • physical means (actual or threatened laying on of hands on a person to stop them carrying out a particular action);
  • mechanical means (for example, electronic locks or video surveillance);
  • environmental means (for example, using cot sides to prevent someone from getting out of bed); or
  • medication (using sedative or tranquillising drugs to treat restless or agitated behaviour).

Risk assessment

The process of identifying hazards to the safety or welfare of children and young people, estimating their seriousness and likelihood, and identifying and recording reasonable measures to minimise unnecessary hazards.


The disclosure by a member of staff of confidential information that relates to some danger, fraud or other illegal or unethical conduct connected with the workplace.

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