Modern apprenticeships: earnings

The Longitudinal Education Outcomes (LEO) from Modern Apprenticeships (MA) release provides details on earnings of those who completed MAs in Scotland. This release has median earnings split by key characteristics of individuals, such as gender, age, occupation, and SIMD quintile.

This document is part of a collection


Tax year: Runs from 6 April to 5 April the following year. For example the 2011/12 tax year ran from 6 April 2011 to 5 April 2012.

Modern Apprenticeship (MA): MAs provide individuals with the opportunity to secure industry-recognised qualifications at a range of qualification levels while in employment. MAs can be a new team member or an existing employee seeking to increase their capability. MAs also provide a way for businesses to train employees to industry-recognised standards.

Occupational Grouping: There are over 80 MA frameworks – from healthcare and financial services to construction and IT. Each framework is assigned to one of 17 Occupational Groupings. Historical frameworks included in this publication have been appropriately mapped to current Occupational Groupings for this release by SDS.

A list of occupational groupings is available on SDS's website:

Scottish Vocational Qualification (SVQ): Scottish Vocational Qualifications (SVQs) are work-based qualifications produced by experts from industry, commerce and education set to the national standards for their sector.

The Scottish Credit and Qualifications Framework (SCQF) contains further information on how SVQ's map across SQA qualifications and SCQF levels:

Nominal earnings: Nominal earnings represent the cash amount an individual was paid. They are not adjusted for inflation (the general increase in the price of goods and services).

PAYE: HMRC's system to collect Income Tax and National Insurance from employment. The LEO project uses information from the P45 to ascertain employment spell length and from the P14 (P60) to determine annual earnings.

Self-assessment: Self-assessment data captures the activity of individuals with income that is not taxed through PAYE, such as income from self-employment, savings and investments, property rental, and shares.

Sustained annualised earnings: The calculated average daily wage across the tax year grossed up to the equivalent annual figure.

Total earnings: The total of annualised PAYE earnings and raw self-assessed earnings.

Experimental Statistics: data being developed

Experimental Statistics are new official statistics that are undergoing evaluation. These statistics are being published as experimental statistics in order to involve users and stakeholders in their development and as a means to further improve the use of the data in future.

As these are experimental statistics any feedback or comments on presentation and content would be most appreciated. Contact details below;

Correspondence and enquiries

For enquiries about this publication please contact:

Euan Shields
Advanced Learning and Skills Analysis,
Telephone: 0131 244 8046,

For general enquiries about Scottish Government statistics please contact:

Office of the Chief Statistician,
Telephone: 0131 244 0442,

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