Publication - Independent report

Policing of the miners' strike 1984-1985 - impact on communities: independent review

Published: 28 Oct 2020

This is the final report from the independent review that was commissioned to investigate and report on the impact on communities in Scotland on the policing of the miners' strike 1984 to 1985.

90 page PDF

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90 page PDF

2.0 MB

Contents
Policing of the miners' strike 1984-1985 - impact on communities: independent review
References

90 page PDF

2.0 MB

References

1. https://www.gla.ac.uk/schools/socialpolitical/staff/jamesphillips/

2. http://eprints.gla.ac.uk/106336/1/106336.pdf

3. http://etheses.dur.ac.uk/2015/1/2015_22.pdf Atkin, Michael (2001) The 1984/85 Miners' strike in East Durham, A study in contemporary history., Durham theses, Durham University.

4. See, for example, Phillips, J. (2015) The closure of Michael Colliery in 1967 and the politics of deindustrialization in Scotland. Twentieth Century British History, http://eprints.gla.ac.uk/104495/7/104495.pdf

5. http://www.parliament.scot/parliamentarybusiness/report.aspx?r=9054&mode=html#iob_81837

6. Even NCB Chairman Sir Ian MacGregor used similar language to describe the Strike in his autobiography, "The Enemies Within" with chapters entitled 'Coal; War is Declared' and 'Battle Commences'

7. https://www.gov.scot/publications/impact-of-policing-on-communities-during-the-miners-strike/

8. The Terms of Reference specified that dealing with challenges to individual convictions is a matter for the High Court of Justiciary or the Scottish Criminal Cases Review Commission.

9. https://www.gov.scot/publications/miners-strike-review-interim-report/

10. https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/policing-by-consent/definition-of-policing-by-consent

11. https://www.heraldscotland.com/news/16114608.top-cop-backs-a-truth-and-reconciliation-commission-into-miners-strike/

12. https://polmaisebook.wordpress.com/

13. Containing, Isolating and Defeating the Miners: The UK Cabinet Ministerial Group on Coal and the Three Phases of the 1984-85 Strike. Jim Philips 2014

14. The National Archives file HO 325/899/1

15. Hansard HC Deb. vol.75 col.299-301, 13 March 1985 Coal Industry

16. National Records of Scotland file SEP4/6048

17. The National Archives file CAB 130/1268

18. Hansard HC Deb. vol.58 col.382, 11 April 1984 Pickets

19. The National Archives file CAB 130/1268

20. National Records of Scotland file HH55/1935/1

21. The National Archives file CAB 130/1268

22. The National Archives file PREM 19/1330

23. The National Archives file PREM 19/1330

24. National Records of Scotland file HH55/1949/1

25. National Records of Scotland file HH55/1949/1

26. National Records of Scotland file HH55/1949/1

27. The National Archives file CAB128/78

28. The National Archives file HO 325/899/2

29. National Records of Scotland file SOE12/572

30. The National Archives file CAB 130/1268

31. The National Archives file CAB 130/1268

32. The National Archives file CAB 130/1268

33. Containing, Isolating and Defeating the Miners: The UK Cabinet Ministerial Group on Coal and the Three Phases of the 1984-85 Strike. Jim Philips 2014

34. National Records of Scotland file SOE12/573/1

35. National Records of Scotland file SEP4/6029/1

36. The National Archives file CAB 130/1268

37. The National Archives file CAB 130/1268

38. http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/march/3/newsid_2515000/2515019.stm

39. Hansard HC Deb. vol.75 col.299-301, 13 March 1985 Coal Industry

40. Hansard HC Deb. vol.75 col.17, 11 March 1985 Coal Industry Dispute

41. https://www.theguardian.com/politics/1985/mar/04/immigrationpolicy.past

42. National Records of Scotland file SEP4/6029/1

43. National Records of Scotland file SEP4/6029/1

44. The National Archives file HO 325/902

45. National Records of Scotland file SEP4/6029/1

46. National Records of Scotland file SEP4/6029/1

47. National Records of Scotland file SOE12/572

48. National Records of Scotland file SOE12/573/1

49. In publicly available sources, the exact numbers vary as to the following: number of miners, numbers arrested, convicted, dismissed, reinstated. Accordingly, we have included in Appendix A details from the different sources.

50. Brown-Rees Report, pages 3/6

51. 1986 S.L.T. 244

52. (referring to the period of 20 years since it started) "The SCCRC has now reviewed over 2600 applications and in that time referred 140 cases (an average of 7 cases a year) back to the appeal court for further consideration…Of the 127 cases already decided at appeal, 83 have been successful, with 44 convictions quashed and 39 sentences reduced." – SCCRC Annual Report 2019.

53. Attorney General's Report dated 4 June 1984, page 8.

54. Phillips, Collieries, communities and the miners' strike in Scotland, 1984-85, page 73.

55. BHLF-EQ6D-TUCQ-D

56. BHLF-EQ6D-TUCV-J

57. ANON-EQ6D-TUCN-A

58. Yuill and Dodds were the Scottish hauliers used by British Steel to supply Ravenscraig; from May 1984 they were the only hauliers to do so – http://archive.commercialmotor.com/article/12th-may-1984/5/pressure-builds-for-coal-hauliers

59. See, for example, Fife Constabulary Debrief Report.

60. Phillips, J. Contested Memories: the Scottish Parliament and the 1984-5 Miners' Strike Page 22

61. ANON-EQ6D-TURZ-N

62. ANON-EQ6D-TURC-E

63. BHLF-EQ6D-TUCQ-D

64. BHLF-EQ6D-TUXV-7

65. BHLF-EQ6D-TUCE-1

66. BHLF-EQ6D-TUCW-K

67. ANON-EQ6D-TUF1-G

68. BHLF-EQ6D-TUXU-6

69. BHLF-EQ6D-TUZN-1

70. BHLF-EQ6D-TUCE-1

71. BHLF-EQ6D-TUX4-5

72. BHLF-EQ6D-TUCX-M

73. BHLF-EQ6D-TUX8-9

74. BHLF-EQ6D-TUX8-9

75. BHLF-EQ6D-TUXU-6

76. BHLF-EQ6D-TUXU-6

77. BHLF-EQ6D-TUX8-9

78. BHLF-EQ6D-TUX8-9

79. BHLF-EQ6D-TUXU-6

80. BHLF-EQ6D-TUX4-5

81. ANON-EQ6D-TUF1-G

82. ANON-EQ6D-TUR9-4

83. ANON-EQ6D-TUR9-4

84. ANON-EQ6D-TU2E-G

85. ANON-EQ6D-TUR9-4

86. https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2014/dec/01/miners-strike-taxi-driver-killed-1984

87. Orgreave is the subject of a specific campaign for an inquiry – see https://en-gb.facebook.com/OrgreaveTruthAndJusticeCampaign/

88. https://www.theguardian.com/theguardian/2006/sep/04/features5

89. ANON-EQ6D-TUF5-M

90. Phillips, Collieries, Communities and the Miners' Strike in Scotland, p. 125

91. BHLF-EQ6D-TUCM-99

92. Paragraph 19 of Note by the Home Office appended to Attorney General's Report of 4 June 1984.

93. https://www.margaretthatcher.org/document/110795

94. Scotsman

95. NAS, SEP 4/6048, Sit Reps, 4 and 9 May 1984

96. NAS, SEP 4/6028, W. Baird, SHHD to David Connelly, IDS, and Gordon Murray, Dover House, regarding intelligence from R. Priddle, Department of Energy, 8 May 1984.

97. NAS, SEP 4/6028, Sit Rep, 10 May 1984

98. Scotsman, 11 May 1984

99. NAS, SEP 4/6048, David Connelly, IDS, note to ministers and officials, 22 May 1984.

100. Divide and Conquer: A Forensic Analysis of the 1984-1985 Cabinet Papers in relation to the Miners' Strike: N Stubbs

101. ID ANON-EQ6D-TU7Q-1

102. ANON-EQ6D-TU29-4

103. Mutual aid is the provision of policing assistance from one force to another and is usually provided in response to or in anticipation of a major incident or event.

104. See, for example, the Fife Constabulary Debrief Report

105. The Association of Chief Police Officers in Scotland (ACPOS) was the professional voice of police leadership (Chief Constables, Deputy Chief Constables and Assistant Chief Constables) in Scotland. ACPOS was merged into Police Scotland, and ceased to operate on 1st April 2013.

106. ANON-EQ6D-TURV-1

107. ANON-EQ6D-TUR3-X

108. BHLF-EQ6D-TUX6-7

109. ANON-EQ6D-TU2E-G

110. ANON-EQ6D-TUFY-R

111. Fife Constabulary Debrief Report.

112. ANON-EQ6D-TURY-4

113. ANON-EQ6D-TURY-4

114. ANON-EQ6D-TU29-4

115. ANON-EQ6D-TUR9-4

116. ANON-EQ6D-TURN-S

117. ANON-EQ6D-TUFJ-9

118. ANON-EQ6D-TUFJ-9

119. Fife Constabulary Debrief Report.

120. Fife Constabulary Debrief Report.

121. ANON-EQ6D-TUR6-1

122. https://www.thenorthernecho.co.uk/news/4186282.a-village-under-siege/

123. ANON-EQ6D-TUFJ-9

124. ANON-EQ6D-TUR9-4

125. ANON-EQ6D-TUF6-N

126. ANON-EQ6D-TUR7-2

127. ANON-EQ6D-TUR9-4

128. ANON-EQ6D-TURY-4

129. BHLF-EQ6D-TUXZ-B

130. The Guardian

131. The Guardian

132. ANON-EQ6D-TUFJ-9

133. BHLF-EQ6D-TUX2-3

134. Fife Constabulary Debrief Report.

135. BHLF-EQ6D-TUXZ-B

136. BHLF-EQ6D-TUCU-H

137. ANON-EQ6D-TU29-4

138. Mike Foden, Steve Fothergill and Tony Gore, The State of the Coalfields: economic and social conditions in the former mining communities of England, Scotland and Wales (Coalfields Regeneration Trust and Sheffield Hallam University: Sheffield, 2014)

139. ANON-EQ6D-TURZ-N

140. ANON-EQ6D-TU2E-G

141. ANON-EQ6D-TUR9-4

142. ANON-EQ6D-TU7Q1

143. ANON-EQ6D-TURY-4

144. ANON-EQ6D-TUFY-R

145. ANON-EQ6D-TUFY-R

146. ANON-EQ6D-TUR9-4

147. ANON-EQ6D-TU7Q1

148. BHLF-EQ6D-TUCP-C

149. ANON-EQ6D-TU29-4

150. ANON-EQ6D-TUF6-N

151. ANON-EQ6D-TUR9-4

152. Two separate quotes from the Fife Constabulary Debrief Report.

153. ANON-EQ6D-TURY-4

154. ANON-EQ6D-TURN-S

155. ANON-EQ6D-TU7Q1

156. BHLF-EQ6D-TUCQ-D

157. ANON-EQ6D-TUF5-M

158. https://api.parliament.uk/historic-hansard/commons/1981/nov/25/brixton-disturbances-scarman-report

159. https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/policing-by-consent/definition-of-policing-by-consent

160. ANON-EQ6D-TURC-E

161. ANON-EQ6D-TURD-F

162. https://www.scotsman.com/news/politics/call-to-pardon-miners-strike-convictions-1-4851681

163. https://publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm200506/cmhansrd/vo060918/wmstext/60918m0187.htm


Contact

Email: minersstrikereview@gov.scot