1. Background Information
The Scottish Government is supporting an ambitious industry-led scheme to eradicate Bovine Viral Diarrhoea (BVD) from Scotland. This has been developed in partnership with representatives from the livestock industry, veterinary profession, science sector and government; more information on the BVD Advisory Group can be found on the BVD pages of the Scottish Government website.
BVD is one of the most important cattle diseases in terms of economic cost, productivity and welfare, and most herds in Scotland are free of it. BVD causes immunosuppression, abortion, infertility, failure to thrive and death, particularly in calves. BVD control is centred on the identification of BVD Persistently Infected (PI) animals and their removal from the herd. PIs shed large amounts of virus throughout their lives and are the main source of infection. Eradicating BVD from those remaining herds would be worth millions of pounds to the Scottish cattle sector.