1. Reconviction Rates in Scotland: 2010-11 Offender Cohort. Scottish Government Statistical Bulletin: Crime and Justice Series, September 2013.
2. Armstrong, S., and McNeill, F., (2012) Reducing Reoffending: Review of Selected Countries, SCCJR Research Report No: 04/2012.
3. Scottish Policing Performance Framework Annual Report, 2012-13. Scottish Government, November 2013.
4. See http://www.sps.gov.uk/Publications/ScottishPrisonPopulation.aspx for up to date figures.
5. Prison statistics and population projections Scotland: 2011-12. Scottish Government Statistical Bulletin: Crime and Justice Series, June 2012.
6. Unpublished Scottish Government estimates cited in Reducing Reoffending in Scotland. Prepared for the Auditor General for Scotland and the Accounts Commission. November 2012
7. Organisational Review - Unlocking Potential, Transforming Lives. Scottish Prison Service, January 2014.
8. Reducing Reoffending in Scotland. Prepared for the Auditor General for Scotland and the Accounts Commission. November 2012
9. Scotland's Choice. Report of the Scottish Prisons Commission, The Scottish Prisons Commission 2008
10. Malloch, M.S., McIvor, G., Schinkel, M. and Armstrong, S. (2013), The Elements of Effective Through-Care Part 1: International Review. SCCJR Report No. 03/2014.
11. Although these terms are often used interchangeably, we have opted to use the concept of throughcare throughout the report, and the associated definition from the National Objectives and Standards for Social Work Services in the Criminal Justice System: 'The provision of a range of Social Work and associated services to prisoners and their families from the point of sentence or remand, during the period of imprisonment and following release into the community. The services are primarily concerned to assist prisoners to prepare for release and to help them settle in the community, within the law'.
12. SPS prison population figures for April 2014 show 5,541 convicted and sentenced male prisoners and 293 convicted and sentenced female prisoners. Women thus make up around 5% of the total prison population. (Source: SPS website - see http://www.sps.gov.uk/Publications/ScottishPrisonPopulation.aspx for up to date figures)
13. Prisons prepare a Community Integration Plan for each offender, containing information about the offender, their progress during the custodial sentence and plans for their return to the community.
14. It should be noted that the gap between admission and earliest release date does not relate directly to sentence length, as offenders may have been transferred from other establishments, or have already served time on remand.
15. As a direct response to the CRP experience and the increase in referrals for voluntary throughcare, Lanarkshire has now established a dedicated women's criminal justice team which undertakes the provision of throughcare.
16. For further information about the Scottish Government Reducing Reoffending Change Fund, see: http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Topics/archive/law-order/offender-management/changefund
17. Malloch, M.S., McIvor, G., Schinkel, M. and Armstrong, S. (2013), The Elements of Effective Through-Care Part 1: International Review. SCCJR Report No. 03/2014
18. This does not include four orientation interviews undertaken during the project inception phase.
19. In the event, it transpired that only one CRP participant had been through the Open Estate during the course of the pilot, and only for a very short period.
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