Publication - Progress report

Draft Sectoral Marine Plans for Offshore Renewable Energy in Scottish Waters - Environmental Report Appendix C: Assessment of Technologies

Published: 25 Jul 2013
Part of:
Marine and fisheries
ISBN:
9781782567462

Appendix C to the SEA Environmental Report of the Draft Sectoral Marine Plans for Offshore Renewable Energy in Scottish Waters.

This appendix contains an assessment of technologies.

50 page PDF

1.3 MB

50 page PDF

1.3 MB

Contents
Draft Sectoral Marine Plans for Offshore Renewable Energy in Scottish Waters - Environmental Report Appendix C: Assessment of Technologies
Footnotes

50 page PDF

1.3 MB

Footnotes

1. Informed by: E.On UK (2013) Foundation Types [online] Available at: http://www.eon-uk.com/generation/3947.aspx [accessed 02/03/2013]; ARUP, Costain, Hochtief (undated) Gravity Base Foundations; Scharf R. and Siems M. (2013) Monopile foundations for offshore wind turbines - solutions for greater water depths, Steel Construction 6 (2013), No. 1, DOI: 10.1002/stco.201300010, pp. 47 - 53 [online] Available at: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/stco.201300010/pdf [accessed 27/03/2013]; and DW (2013) Scientists race to develop floating wind farms [online] Available at: http://www.dw.de/scientists-race-to-develop-floating-wind-farms/a-16540081 [accessed 02/03/2013].

2. Informed by: Halcrow (2007) The Plan for Offshore Wind Energy in Scottish Territorial Waters, Environmental Report: Volume 1, Prepared for the Scottish Executive [online] Available at: http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Resource/Doc/312161/0098588.pdf [accessed 27/03/2013]; Talisman Energy ( UK) LTD (2005) Environmental Statement [online] Available at: http://www.beatricewind.co.uk/downloads/statement.asp [accessed 25/03/2013]; EMU (2012) Neart na Gaoithe Offshore Wind Farm Environmental Statement, Prepared for Mainstream Renewable Power [online] Available at: http://mainstream-downloads.opendebate.co.uk/downloads/Contents-Pages.pdf [accessed 25/03/2013]; Aberdeen Wind Offshore Wind Farm Limited (2011) European Offshore Wind Deployment Centre: Non-Technical Summary, July 2011 [online] Available at: http://www.vattenfall.co.uk/en/file/EOWDC-consent-vol1.pdf_18476566.pdf [accessed 26/03/2013]; E-on (2008) Offshore Environmental Statement, April 2008 [online] Available at: http://www.eon-uk.com/generation/1309.aspx [accessed 26/03/2013]; E-on (2008) Onshore Cable Route Environmental Statement, April 2008 [online] Available at: http://www.eon-uk.com/generation/1309.aspx [accessed 26/03/2013]; and E-on (2009) Onshore Substation and Cable Spur Environmental Statement, November 2009 [online] Available at: http://www.eon-uk.com/generation/1309.aspx [accessed 26/03/2013.

3. Informed by: Halcrow (2007) The Plan for Offshore Wind Energy in Scottish Territorial Waters, Environmental Report: Volume 1, Prepared for the Scottish Executive [online] Available at: http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Resource/Doc/312161/0098588.pdf [accessed 27/03/2013]; Talisman Energy ( UK) LTD (2005) Environmental Statement [online] Available at: http://www.beatricewind.co.uk/downloads/statement.asp [accessed 25/03/2013]; EMU (2012) Neart na Gaoithe Offshore Wind Farm Environmental Statement, Prepared for Mainstream Renewable Power [online] Available at: http://mainstream-downloads.opendebate.co.uk/downloads/Contents-Pages.pdf [accessed 25/03/2013]; Aberdeen Wind Offshore Wind Farm Limited (2011) European Offshore Wind Deployment Centre: Non-Technical Summary, July 2011 [online] Available at: http://www.vattenfall.co.uk/en/file/EOWDC-consent-vol1.pdf_18476566.pdf [accessed 26/03/2013]; E-on (2008) Offshore Environmental Statement, April 2008 [online] Available at: http://www.eon-uk.com/generation/1309.aspx [accessed 26/03/2013]; E-on (2008) Onshore Cable Route Environmental Statement, April 2008 [online] Available at: http://www.eon-uk.com/generation/1309.aspx [accessed 26/03/2013]; and E-on (2009) Onshore Substation and Cable Spur Environmental Statement, November 2009 [online] Available at: http://www.eon-uk.com/generation/1309.aspx [accessed 26/03/2013.

4. Informed by: Halcrow (2007) The Plan for Offshore Wind Energy in Scottish Territorial Waters, Environmental Report: Volume 1, Prepared for the Scottish Executive [online] Available at: http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Resource/Doc/312161/0098588.pdf [accessed 27/03/2013]; Talisman Energy ( UK) LTD (2005) Environmental Statement [online] Available at: http://www.beatricewind.co.uk/downloads/statement.asp [accessed 25/03/2013]; EMU (2012) Neart na Gaoithe Offshore Wind Farm Environmental Statement, Prepared for Mainstream Renewable Power [online] Available at: http://mainstream-downloads.opendebate.co.uk/downloads/Contents-Pages.pdf [accessed 25/03/2013]; Aberdeen Wind Offshore Wind Farm Limited (2011) European Offshore Wind Deployment Centre: Non-Technical Summary, July 2011 [online] Available at: http://www.vattenfall.co.uk/en/file/EOWDC-consent-vol1.pdf_18476566.pdf [accessed 26/03/2013]; E-on (2008) Offshore Environmental Statement, April 2008 [online] Available at: http://www.eon-uk.com/generation/1309.aspx [accessed 26/03/2013]; E-on (2008) Onshore Cable Route Environmental Statement, April 2008 [online] Available at: http://www.eon-uk.com/generation/1309.aspx [accessed 26/03/2013]; and E-on (2009) Onshore Substation and Cable Spur Environmental Statement, November 2009 [online] Available at: http://www.eon-uk.com/generation/1309.aspx [accessed 26/03/2013].

5. Informed by: Halcrow (2007) The Plan for Offshore Wind Energy in Scottish Territorial Waters, Environmental Report: Volume 1, Prepared for the Scottish Executive [online] Available at: http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Resource/Doc/312161/0098588.pdf [accessed 27/03/2013]

6. Informed by: OSPAR Commission (2004) Biodiversity Series: Environmental Impacts to marine species and habitats of dredging for navigational purposes [online] Available at: http://www.ospar.org/documents/dbase/publications/p00208_environmental%20impacts%20to%20marine%20species.pdf [accessed 28/03/2013]; Halcrow (2007) The Plan for Offshore Wind Energy in Scottish Territorial Waters, Environmental Report: Volume 1, Prepared for the Scottish Executive [online] Available at: http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Resource/Doc/312161/0098588.pdf [accessed 27/03/2013]; Talisman Energy ( UK) LTD (2005) Environmental Statement [online] Available at: http://www.beatricewind.co.uk/downloads/statement.asp [accessed 25/03/2013]; EMU (2012) Neart na Gaoithe Offshore Wind Farm Environmental Statement, Prepared for Mainstream Renewable Power [online] Available at: http://mainstream-downloads.opendebate.co.uk/downloads/Contents-Pages.pdf [accessed 25/03/2013]; Aberdeen Wind Offshore Wind Farm Limited (2011) European Offshore Wind Deployment Centre: Non-Technical Summary, July 2011 [online] Available at: http://www.vattenfall.co.uk/en/file/EOWDC-consent-vol1.pdf_18476566.pdf [accessed 26/03/2013]; E-on (2008) Offshore Environmental Statement, April 2008 [online] Available at: http://www.eon-uk.com/generation/1309.aspx [accessed 26/03/2013]; E-on (2008) Onshore Cable Route Environmental Statement, April 2008 [online] Available at: http://www.eon-uk.com/generation/1309.aspx [accessed 26/03/2013]; and E-on (2009) Onshore Substation and Cable Spur Environmental Statement, November 2009 [online] Available at: http://www.eon-uk.com/generation/1309.aspx [accessed 26/03/2013.

7. Informed by: Fjordr Marine and Historic Environment Consulting (2013) Historic Environment Guidance for Wave and Tidal Energy ( Draft) [online] Available at: www.fjordr.com/uploads/3/0/0/2/3002891/historic_environment_guidance_for_wave_and_tidal_energy_-_consultation_draft_150213.pdf [accessed 03/04/2013]; Halcrow (2007) The Plan for Offshore Wind Energy in Scottish Territorial Waters, Environmental Report: Volume 1, Prepared for the Scottish Executive [online] Available at: http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Resource/Doc/312161/0098588.pdf [accessed 27/03/2013]; Talisman Energy ( UK) LTD (2005) Environmental Statement [online] Available at: http://www.beatricewind.co.uk/downloads/statement.asp [accessed 25/03/2013]; EMU (2012) Neart na Gaoithe Offshore Wind Farm Environmental Statement, Prepared for Mainstream Renewable Power [online] Available at: http://mainstream-downloads.opendebate.co.uk/downloads/Contents-Pages.pdf [accessed 25/03/2013]; Aberdeen Wind Offshore Wind Farm Limited (2011) European Offshore Wind Deployment Centre: Non-Technical Summary, July 2011 [online] Available at: http://www.vattenfall.co.uk/en/file/EOWDC-consent-vol1.pdf_18476566.pdf [accessed 26/03/2013]; E-on (2008) Offshore Environmental Statement, April 2008 [online] Available at: http://www.eon-uk.com/generation/1309.aspx [accessed 26/03/2013]; E-on (2008) Onshore Cable Route Environmental Statement, April 2008 [online] Available at: http://www.eon-uk.com/generation/1309.aspx [accessed 26/03/2013]; and E-on (2009) Onshore Substation and Cable Spur Environmental Statement, November 2009 [online] Available at: http://www.eon-uk.com/generation/1309.aspx [accessed 26/03/201]3.

8. Informed by: OSPAR Commission (2004) Biodiversity Series: Environmental Impacts to marine species and habitats of dredging for navigational purposes [online] Available at: http://www.ospar.org/documents/dbase/publications/p00208_environmental%20impacts%20to%20marine%20species.pdf [accessed 28/03/2013]; Halcrow (2007) The Plan for Offshore Wind Energy in Scottish Territorial Waters, Environmental Report: Volume 1, Prepared for the Scottish Executive [online] Available at: http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Resource/Doc/312161/0098588.pdf [accessed 27/03/2013]; Talisman Energy ( UK) LTD (2005) Environmental Statement [online] Available at: http://www.beatricewind.co.uk/downloads/statement.asp [accessed 25/03/2013]; EMU (2012) Neart na Gaoithe Offshore Wind Farm Environmental Statement, Prepared for Mainstream Renewable Power [online] Available at: http://mainstream-downloads.opendebate.co.uk/downloads/Contents-Pages.pdf [accessed 25/03/2013]; Aberdeen Wind Offshore Wind Farm Limited (2011) European Offshore Wind Deployment Centre: Non-Technical Summary, July 2011 [online] Available at: http://www.vattenfall.co.uk/en/file/EOWDC-consent-vol1.pdf_18476566.pdf [accessed 26/03/2013]; E-on (2008) Offshore Environmental Statement, April 2008 [online] Available at: http://www.eon-uk.com/generation/1309.aspx [accessed 26/03/2013]; E-on (2008) Onshore Cable Route Environmental Statement, April 2008 [online] Available at: http://www.eon-uk.com/generation/1309.aspx [accessed 26/03/2013]; and E-on (2009) Onshore Substation and Cable Spur Environmental Statement, November 2009 [online] Available at: http://www.eon-uk.com/generation/1309.aspx [accessed 26/03/2013].

9. Aquatera (2012) A review of the Potential Impacts of Wave and Tidal Energy development on Scotland's Marine Environment, Prepared for Marine Scotland, Final Report Issued 9 March 2012.

10. Informed by: McCluskie, A.E., Langston R.H.W. and Wilkinson N.I. (undated) Birds and wave & tidal stream energy: an ecological review, RSPB Research Report No. 42 [online] Available at: http://www.rspb.org.uk/Images/mccluskie_langston_wilkinson_2012_tcm9-307966.pdf [accessed 28/03/2013]; Faber Maunsell (2007) Scottish Marine Renewables SEA: Environmental Report, Prepared for the Scottish Executive, March 2007; Aquatera (2012) A review of the Potential Impacts of Wave and Tidal Energy development on Scotland's Marine Environment, Prepared for Marine Scotland, draft Report Issued 9 March 2012; Talisman Energy ( UK) LTD (2005) Environmental Statement [online] Available at: http://www.beatricewind.co.uk/downloads/statement.asp [accessed 25/03/2013]; EMU (2012) Neart na Gaoithe Offshore Wind Farm Environmental Statement, Prepared for Mainstream Renewable Power [online] Available at: http://mainstream-downloads.opendebate.co.uk/downloads/Contents-Pages.pdf [accessed 25/03/2013]; Aberdeen Wind Offshore Wind Farm Limited (2011) European Offshore Wind Deployment Centre: Non-Technical Summary, July 2011 [online] Available at: http://www.vattenfall.co.uk/en/file/EOWDC-consent-vol1.pdf_18476566.pdf [accessed 26/03/2013]; E-on (2008) Offshore Environmental Statement, April 2008 [online] Available at: http://www.eon-uk.com/generation/1309.aspx [accessed 26/03/2013]; E-on (2008) Onshore Cable Route Environmental Statement, April 2008 [online] Available at: http://www.eon-uk.com/generation/1309.aspx [accessed 26/03/2013]; and E-on (2009) Onshore Substation and Cable Spur Environmental Statement, November 2009 [online] Available at: http://www.eon-uk.com/generation/1309.aspx [accessed 26/03/2013.

11. Informed by: Faber Maunsell (2007) Scottish Marine Renewables SEA: Environmental Report, Prepared for the Scottish Executive, March 2007; Talisman Energy ( UK) LTD (2005) Environmental Statement [online] Available at: http://www.beatricewind.co.uk/downloads/statement.asp [accessed 25/03/2013]; EMU (2012) Neart na Gaoithe Offshore Wind Farm Environmental Statement, Prepared for Mainstream Renewable Power [online] Available at: http://mainstream-downloads.opendebate.co.uk/downloads/Contents-Pages.pdf [accessed 25/03/2013]; Aberdeen Wind Offshore Wind Farm Limited (2011) European Offshore Wind Deployment Centre: Non-Technical Summary, July 2011 [online] Available at: http://www.vattenfall.co.uk/en/file/ EOWDC-consent-vol1.pdf_18476566.pdf [accessed 26/03/2013]; E-on (2008) Offshore Environmental Statement, April 2008 [online] Available at: http://www.eon-uk.com/generation/1309.aspx [accessed 26/03/2013]; E-on (2008) Onshore Cable Route Environmental Statement, April 2008 [online] Available at: http://www.eon-uk.com/generation/1309.aspx [accessed 26/03/2013]; and E-on (2009) Onshore Substation and Cable Spur Environmental Statement, November 2009 [online] Available at: http://www.eon-uk.com/generation/1309.aspx [accessed 26/03/2013.

12. Informed by: Faber Maunsell (2007) Scottish Marine Renewables SEA: Environmental Report, Prepared for the Scottish Executive, March 2007; Aquatera (2012) A review of the Potential Impacts of Wave and Tidal Energy development on Scotland's Marine Environment, Prepared for Marine Scotland, Final Report Issued 9 March 2012

13. Informed by: Faber Maunsell (2007) Scottish Marine Renewables SEA: Environmental Report, Prepared for the Scottish Executive, March 2007; Talisman Energy ( UK) LTD (2005) Environmental Statement [online] Available at: http://www.beatricewind.co.uk/downloads/statement.asp [accessed 25/03/2013]; EMU (2012) Neart na Gaoithe Offshore Wind Farm Environmental Statement, Prepared for Mainstream Renewable Power [online] Available at: http://mainstream-downloads.opendebate.co.uk/downloads/Contents-Pages.pdf [accessed 25/03/2013]; Aberdeen Wind Offshore Wind Farm Limited (2011) European Offshore Wind Deployment Centre: Non-Technical Summary, July 2011 [online] Available at: http://www.vattenfall.co.uk/en/file/ EOWDC-consent-vol1.pdf_18476566.pdf [accessed 26/03/2013]; E-on (2008) Offshore Environmental Statement, April 2008 [online] Available at: http://www.eon-uk.com/generation/1309.aspx [accessed 26/03/2013]; E-on (2008) Onshore Cable Route Environmental Statement, April 2008 [online] Available at: http://www.eon-uk.com/generation/1309.aspx [accessed 26/03/2013]; and E-on (2009) Onshore Substation and Cable Spur Environmental Statement, November 2009 [online] Available at: http://www.eon-uk.com/generation/1309.aspx [accessed 26/03/2013.

14. Informed by: Faber Maunsell (2007) Scottish Marine Renewables SEA: Environmental Report, Prepared for the Scottish Executive, March 2007; Talisman Energy ( UK) LTD (2005) Environmental Statement [online] Available at: http://www.beatricewind.co.uk/downloads/statement.asp [accessed 25/03/2013]; EMU (2012) Neart na Gaoithe Offshore Wind Farm Environmental Statement, Prepared for Mainstream Renewable Power [online] Available at: http://mainstream-downloads.opendebate.co.uk/downloads/Contents-Pages.pdf [accessed 25/03/2013]; Aberdeen Wind Offshore Wind Farm Limited (2011) European Offshore Wind Deployment Centre: Non-Technical Summary, July 2011 [online] Available at: http://www.vattenfall.co.uk/en/file/ EOWDC-consent-vol1.pdf_18476566.pdf [accessed 26/03/2013]; E-on (2008) Offshore Environmental Statement, April 2008 [online] Available at: http://www.eon-uk.com/generation/1309.aspx [accessed 26/03/2013]; E-on (2008) Onshore Cable Route Environmental Statement, April 2008 [online] Available at: http://www.eon-uk.com/generation/1309.aspx [accessed 26/03/2013]; and E-on (2009) Onshore Substation and Cable Spur Environmental Statement, November 2009 [online] Available at: http://www.eon-uk.com/generation/1309.aspx [accessed 26/03/2013.

15. Informed by: Fjordr Marine and Historic Environment Consulting (2013) Historic Environment Guidance for Wave and Tidal Energy ( Draft) [online] Available at: www.fjordr.com/uploads/3/0/0/2/3002891/historic_environment_guidance_for_wave_and_tidal_energy_-_consultation_draft_150213.pdf [accessed 03/04/2013]; Faber Maunsell (2007) Scottish Marine Renewables SEA: Environmental Report, Prepared for the Scottish Executive, March 2007; Talisman Energy ( UK) LTD (2005) Environmental Statement [online] Available at: http://www.beatricewind.co.uk/downloads/statement.asp [accessed 25/03/2013]; EMU (2012) Neart na Gaoithe Offshore Wind Farm Environmental Statement, Prepared for Mainstream Renewable Power [online] Available at: http://mainstream-downloads.opendebate.co.uk/downloads/Contents-Pages.pdf [accessed 25/03/2013]; Aberdeen Wind Offshore Wind Farm Limited (2011) European Offshore Wind Deployment Centre: Non-Technical Summary, July 2011 [online] Available at: http://www.vattenfall.co.uk/en/file/ EOWDC-consent-vol1.pdf_18476566.pdf [accessed 26/03/2013]; E-on (2008) Offshore Environmental Statement, April 2008 [online] Available at: http://www.eon-uk.com/generation/1309.aspx [accessed 26/03/2013]; E-on (2008) Onshore Cable Route Environmental Statement, April 2008 [online] Available at: http://www.eon-uk.com/generation/1309.aspx [accessed 26/03/2013]; and E-on (2009) Onshore Substation and Cable Spur Environmental Statement, November 2009 [online] Available at: http://www.eon-uk.com/generation/1309.aspx [accessed 26/03/2013.

16. Informed by: Faber Maunsell (2007) Scottish Marine Renewables SEA: Environmental Report, Prepared for the Scottish Executive, March 2007; Talisman Energy ( UK) LTD (2005) Environmental Statement [online] Available at: http://www.beatricewind.co.uk/downloads/statement.asp [accessed 25/03/2013]; EMU (2012) Neart na Gaoithe Offshore Wind Farm Environmental Statement, Prepared for Mainstream Renewable Power [online] Available at: http://mainstream-downloads.opendebate.co.uk/downloads/Contents-Pages.pdf [accessed 25/03/2013]; Aberdeen Wind Offshore Wind Farm Limited (2011) European Offshore Wind Deployment Centre: Non-Technical Summary, July 2011 [online] Available at: http://www.vattenfall.co.uk/en/file/ EOWDC-consent-vol1.pdf_18476566.pdf [accessed 26/03/2013]; E-on (2008) Offshore Environmental Statement, April 2008 [online] Available at: http://www.eon-uk.com/generation/1309.aspx [accessed 26/03/2013]; E-on (2008) Onshore Cable Route Environmental Statement, April 2008 [online] Available at: http://www.eon-uk.com/generation/1309.aspx [accessed 26/03/2013]; and E-on (2009) Onshore Substation and Cable Spur Environmental Statement, November 2009 [online] Available at: http://www.eon-uk.com/generation/1309.aspx [accessed 26/03/2013.

17. For some tidal technologies, the potential effects specific to an individual technology may be less well known due, in part, to technologies still being in development. Whilst they may provide solutions for development within draft plan options, any potential impacts for commercial scale deployment may not have been fully ascertained through approved research. In these instances professional judgement has been used to consider whether the effects of similar technologies would also be applicable.

18. Aquatera (2012) A review of the Potential Impacts of Wave and Tidal Energy development on Scotland's Marine Environment, Prepared for Marine Scotland, Final Report Issued 9 March 2012.

19. Informed by Faber Maunsell (2007) Scottish Marine Renewables SEA: Environmental Report, Prepared for the Scottish Executive, March 2007; Aquatera (2012) A review of the Potential Impacts of Wave and Tidal Energy development on Scotland's Marine Environment, Prepared for Marine Scotland, Final Report Issued 9 March 2012; McCluskie, A.E., Langston R.H.W. and Wilkinson N.I. (undated) Birds and wave & tidal stream energy: an ecological review, RSPB Research Report No. 42 [online] Available at: http://www.rspb.org.uk/Images/mccluskie_langston_wilkinson_2012_tcm9-307966.pdf [accessed 28/03/2013];; Talisman Energy ( UK) LTD (2005) Environmental Statement [online] Available at: http://www.beatricewind.co.uk/downloads/statement.asp [accessed 25/03/2013]; EMU (2012) Neart na Gaoithe Offshore Wind Farm Environmental Statement, Prepared for Mainstream Renewable Power [online] Available at: http://mainstream-downloads.opendebate.co.uk/downloads/Contents-Pages.pdf [accessed 25/03/2013]; Aberdeen Wind Offshore Wind Farm Limited (2011) European Offshore Wind Deployment Centre: Non-Technical Summary, July 2011 [online] Available at: http://www.vattenfall.co.uk/en/file/EOWDC-consent-vol1.pdf_18476566.pdf [accessed 26/03/2013]; E-on (2008) Offshore Environmental Statement, April 2008 [online] Available at: http://www.eon-uk.com/generation/1309.aspx [accessed 26/03/2013]; E-on (2008) Onshore Cable Route Environmental Statement, April 2008 [online] Available at: http://www.eon-uk.com/generation/1309.aspx [accessed 26/03/2013]; and E-on (2009) Onshore Substation and Cable Spur Environmental Statement, November 2009 [online] Available at: http://www.eon-uk.com/generation/1309.aspx [accessed 26/03/2013.

20. Informed by: Faber Maunsell (2007) Scottish Marine Renewables SEA: Environmental Report, Prepared for the Scottish Executive, March 2007; Talisman Energy ( UK) LTD (2005) Environmental Statement [online] Available at: http://www.beatricewind.co.uk/downloads/statement.asp [accessed 25/03/2013]; EMU (2012) Neart na Gaoithe Offshore Wind Farm Environmental Statement, Prepared for Mainstream Renewable Power [online] Available at: http://mainstream-downloads.opendebate.co.uk/downloads/Contents-Pages.pdf [accessed 25/03/2013]; Aberdeen Wind Offshore Wind Farm Limited (2011) European Offshore Wind Deployment Centre: Non-Technical Summary, July 2011 [online] Available at: http://www.vattenfall.co.uk/en/file/ EOWDC-consent-vol1.pdf_18476566.pdf [accessed 26/03/2013]; E-on (2008) Offshore Environmental Statement, April 2008 [online] Available at: http://www.eon-uk.com/generation/1309.aspx [accessed 26/03/2013]; E-on (2008) Onshore Cable Route Environmental Statement, April 2008 [online] Available at: http://www.eon-uk.com/generation/1309.aspx [accessed 26/03/2013]; and E-on (2009) Onshore Substation and Cable Spur Environmental Statement, November 2009 [online] Available at: http://www.eon-uk.com/generation/1309.aspx [accessed 26/03/2013.

21. Informed by: Faber Maunsell (2007) Scottish Marine Renewables SEA: Environmental Report, Prepared for the Scottish Executive, March 2007. Talisman Energy ( UK) LTD (2005) Environmental Statement [online] Available at: http://www.beatricewind.co.uk/downloads/statement.asp [accessed 25/03/2013]; EMU (2012) Neart na Gaoithe Offshore Wind Farm Environmental Statement, Prepared for Mainstream Renewable Power [online] Available at: http://mainstream-downloads.opendebate.co.uk/downloads/Contents-Pages.pdf [accessed 25/03/2013]; Aberdeen Wind Offshore Wind Farm Limited (2011) European Offshore Wind Deployment Centre: Non-Technical Summary, July 2011 [online] Available at: http://www.vattenfall.co.uk/en/file/ EOWDC-consent-vol1.pdf_18476566.pdf [accessed 26/03/2013]; E-on (2008) Offshore Environmental Statement, April 2008 [online] Available at: http://www.eon-uk.com/generation/1309.aspx [accessed 26/03/2013]; E-on (2008) Onshore Cable Route Environmental Statement, April 2008 [online] Available at: http://www.eon-uk.com/generation/1309.aspx [accessed 26/03/2013]; and E-on (2009) Onshore Substation and Cable Spur Environmental Statement, November 2009 [online] Available at: http://www.eon-uk.com/generation/1309.aspx [accessed 26/03/2013.

22. Informed by: Faber Maunsell (2007) Scottish Marine Renewables SEA: Environmental Report, Prepared for the Scottish Executive, March 2007. Talisman Energy ( UK) LTD (2005) Environmental Statement [online] Available at: http://www.beatricewind.co.uk/downloads/statement.asp [accessed 25/03/2013]; EMU (2012) Neart na Gaoithe Offshore Wind Farm Environmental Statement, Prepared for Mainstream Renewable Power [online] Available at: http://mainstream-downloads.opendebate.co.uk/downloads/Contents-Pages.pdf [accessed 25/03/2013]; Aberdeen Wind Offshore Wind Farm Limited (2011) European Offshore Wind Deployment Centre: Non-Technical Summary, July 2011 [online] Available at: http://www.vattenfall.co.uk/en/file/ EOWDC-consent-vol1.pdf_18476566.pdf [accessed 26/03/2013]; E-on (2008) Offshore Environmental Statement, April 2008 [online] Available at: http://www.eon-uk.com/generation/1309.aspx [accessed 26/03/2013]; E-on (2008) Onshore Cable Route Environmental Statement, April 2008 [online] Available at: http://www.eon-uk.com/generation/1309.aspx [accessed 26/03/2013]; and E-on (2009) Onshore Substation and Cable Spur Environmental Statement, November 2009 [online] Available at: http://www.eon-uk.com/generation/1309.aspx [accessed 26/03/2013.

23. Informed by: Faber Maunsell (2007) Scottish Marine Renewables SEA: Environmental Report, Prepared for the Scottish Executive, March 2007. Talisman Energy ( UK) LTD (2005) Environmental Statement [online] Available at: http://www.beatricewind.co.uk/downloads/statement.asp [accessed 25/03/2013]; EMU (2012) Neart na Gaoithe Offshore Wind Farm Environmental Statement, Prepared for Mainstream Renewable Power [online] Available at: http://mainstream-downloads.opendebate.co.uk/downloads/Contents-Pages.pdf [accessed 25/03/2013]; Aberdeen Wind Offshore Wind Farm Limited (2011) European Offshore Wind Deployment Centre: Non-Technical Summary, July 2011 [online] Available at: http://www.vattenfall.co.uk/en/file/ EOWDC-consent-vol1.pdf_18476566.pdf [accessed 26/03/2013]; E-on (2008) Offshore Environmental Statement, April 2008 [online] Available at: http://www.eon-uk.com/generation/1309.aspx [accessed 26/03/2013]; E-on (2008) Onshore Cable Route Environmental Statement, April 2008 [online] Available at: http://www.eon-uk.com/generation/1309.aspx [accessed 26/03/2013]; and E-on (2009) Onshore Substation and Cable Spur Environmental Statement, November 2009 [online] Available at: http://www.eon-uk.com/generation/1309.aspx [accessed 26/03/2013.

24. Informed by: Fjordr Marine and Historic Environment Consulting (2013) Historic Environment Guidance for Wave and Tidal Energy ( Draft) [online] Available at: www.fjordr.com/uploads/3/0/0/2/3002891/historic_environment_guidance_for_wave_and_tidal_energy_-_consultation_draft_150213.pdf [accessed 03/04/2013]; Faber Maunsell (2007) Scottish Marine Renewables SEA: Environmental Report, Prepared for the Scottish Executive, March 2007; Talisman Energy ( UK) LTD (2005) Environmental Statement [online] Available at: http://www.beatricewind.co.uk/downloads/statement.asp [accessed 25/03/2013]; EMU (2012) Neart na Gaoithe Offshore Wind Farm Environmental Statement, Prepared for Mainstream Renewable Power [online] Available at: http://mainstream-downloads.opendebate.co.uk/downloads/Contents-Pages.pdf [accessed 25/03/2013]; Aberdeen Wind Offshore Wind Farm Limited (2011) European Offshore Wind Deployment Centre: Non-Technical Summary, July 2011 [online] Available at: http://www.vattenfall.co.uk/en/file/ EOWDC-consent-vol1.pdf_18476566.pdf [accessed 26/03/2013]; E-on (2008) Offshore Environmental Statement, April 2008 [online] Available at: http://www.eon-uk.com/generation/1309.aspx [accessed 26/03/2013]; E-on (2008) Onshore Cable Route Environmental Statement, April 2008 [online] Available at: http://www.eon-uk.com/generation/1309.aspx [accessed 26/03/2013]; and E-on (2009) Onshore Substation and Cable Spur Environmental Statement, November 2009 [online] Available at: http://www.eon-uk.com/generation/1309.aspx [accessed 26/03/2013.

25. Faber Maunsell (2007) Scottish Marine Renewables SEA: Environmental Report, Prepared for the Scottish Executive, March 2007; Talisman Energy ( UK) LTD (2005) Environmental Statement [online] Available at: http://www.beatricewind.co.uk/downloads/statement.asp [accessed 25/03/2013]; EMU (2012) Neart na Gaoithe Offshore Wind Farm Environmental Statement, Prepared for Mainstream Renewable Power [online] Available at: http://mainstream-downloads.opendebate.co.uk/downloads/Contents-Pages.pdf [accessed 25/03/2013]; Aberdeen Wind Offshore Wind Farm Limited (2011) European Offshore Wind Deployment Centre: Non-Technical Summary, July 2011 [online] Available at: http://www.vattenfall.co.uk/en/file/ EOWDC-consent-vol1.pdf_18476566.pdf [accessed 26/03/2013]; E-on (2008) Offshore Environmental Statement, April 2008 [online] Available at: http://www.eon-uk.com/generation/1309.aspx [accessed 26/03/2013]; E-on (2008) Onshore Cable Route Environmental Statement, April 2008 [online] Available at: http://www.eon-uk.com/generation/1309.aspx [accessed 26/03/2013]; and E-on (2009) Onshore Substation and Cable Spur Environmental Statement, November 2009 [online] Available at: http://www.eon-uk.com/generation/1309.aspx [accessed 26/03/2013.

26. Information taken from: The Crown Estate (2013) Transmission infrastructure associated with connecting offshore generation [online] Available at: http://www.transmissioninfrastructure-offshoregen.co.uk/ (accessed 10/04/2013)


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