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Coronavirus (COVID-19): guidance for the performing arts and venues sector

Guidance for the performing arts and venues sector on safe re-opening during the coronavirus pandemic.

Coronavirus (COVID-19): guidance for the performing arts and venues sector
Assessing risk

Assessing risk

Information about involving the workforce in a risk-based approach.

As a minimum we expect:

  • a risk-based approach to be followed to protect health and safety of workers and ensure the longer-term economic viability of the organisation
  • workers to be fully engaged in that process, through trade union or workforce representatives

The Health and Safety Executive’s short guide can help to support employers with what they need to do to comply with the law. 

Joint working

This guidance has been developed in collaboration with industry and trade unions on the basis that both have essential roles to play in planning for restart. Protecting the health of workers has been at the heart of this joint approach which is fundamental to establishing shared confidence around the safety of returning to places of work and for visitors to feel assured it is safe for them to return. As mentioned above, engagement with your local authority is also recommended as important to enabling your activity to restart.

Implementation phases 

Carrying out a robust risk assessment with full workforce involvement (of recognised trade union safety representatives or relevant worker safety representatives) will identify the practical measures that can be put in place to minimise the spread of the virus at a workplace level and in public areas. The assessment should include a phased implementation timetable, structured broadly as follows:


Plans to re-open a workplace should be developed in consultation with the workforce and updated on an ongoing basis. That planning must be based around risk assessments and safe systems of work physical distancing, hand washing and surface cleaning, and fair work principles and be designed to enable a restart that allows the business to operate while protecting worker health and well-being, and allows the organisation to fulfil its public purpose, should it have one.


Physical distancing and hygiene measures require work to be carried out before a restart – for example screens, one-way systems, physical distancing zones, canteen re-arrangement, PPE provision, hand sanitisers etc. Then briefings and inductions into the new ways of working. These all take time and require resourcing and commitment.


Experience confirms the value of trialling the new way of working before a fuller restart is attempted, so a limited-scale pilot to test systems, find weaknesses and make improvements before a fuller restart is essential. Pilots could include messaging to the public advising them that returning to a pre-COVID attendance experience will take time.

Dynamic assessment

A risk assessment or adoption of mitigation measures should not be a one off exercise. It should be part of a regular and ongoing dialogue and feedback loop between employers and trade union or workforce representatives, and with the public. It should identify what measures are working, where refinements are possible and any gaps remaining. Reviews of measures and risks should be frequent, with daily assessments of progress initially not unusual. The open and ongoing engagement between organisations and trade union or workforce representatives should enable adjustments to be made quickly and smoothly at the relevant stage. These might include potentially tightening workplace restrictions or reducing numbers onsite if the dynamic risk assessments indicate this is necessary. 

You should share the results of your risk assessment with your workforce, volunteers and/or participants. If possible, you should consider publishing the results on your website (and we would expect all employers with over 50 workers to do so).

Utilising expertise

Organisations should ensure their health and safety professionals and representatives have the skills, training and knowledge to understand the risks associated with COVID-19. Where organisations and their workforce do not have access to these skills in-house they should together explore external support options to put in place appropriate mitigation measures, for example through their trade association, health and safety consultancies or trade union health and safety representatives. All can help organisations understand the risks associated with different activities and situations within individual organisations and offer the support managers and workers may require. 

For workplaces without union representation, union health and safety representatives will be available upon request to support the development of workplace risk assessments. Further information is provided in the Coronavirus (COVID-19): safer work places joint statement. For more information please contact

Building confidence, supporting wellbeing

Returning workers and members of the public may have some level of apprehension about how safe they may be and they may require reassurance and demonstration that measures recommended in workplace risk assessments have been put in place to ensure safety. Organisations should recognise the need to have clear and regular communications with workers and the public, using multiple channels to reinforce key messages. Visual material has proven to be beneficial in demonstrating changes that have or are being made, especially where language barriers exist. 

A clear message from employers and trade unions is that building and maintaining worker confidence is vitally important and a challenge that should not be underestimated.

Page last updated: 5 November 2020

First published: 10 Nov 2020 Last updated: 10 Nov 2020 -