Managing symptoms of respiratory infections, including COVID-19
Contents of this page
- symptomatic cases
- pregnant contacts
- identifying and dealing with outbreaks
- communication during an outbreak - 'warn and inform' letters
When adults or children show symptoms of respiratory infections, including COVID-19
The guidance on symptoms of a respiratory infection, including COVID-19, has changed in Scotland.
If you have symptoms of a respiratory infection, such as COVID-19, and you have a high temperature or do not feel well enough to go to work or carry out normal activities, stay at home and avoid contact with other people, until you no longer have a high temperature (if you had one) or until you no longer feel unwell.
Children and young people aged 18 and under with mild symptoms such as a runny nose, sore throat, or slight cough, who are otherwise well, do not need to stay at home and can continue to attend education settings.
Children and young people should only stay at home if they are unwell and have a high temperature. They can go back to school, college or childcare, and resume normal activities when they no longer have a fever and they feel well enough to attend.
For more information see Coronavirus (COVID-19): Staying safe and protecting others, or NHS Inform.
From 1 May 2022 people who test positive or are close contacts no longer need to self-isolate for 10 days. .
Stay at home guidance is in place for people who have COVID-19 symptoms, or who test positive, including specific details on when staff and children are advised to stay at home. More information can be found on NHS Inform.
Pregnant staff who come into contact with someone who is COVID-19 positive-should follow the same advice as the rest of the population.
An outbreak is suspected if you are notified of two or more confirmed cases of COVID-19 in the setting within 14 days, particularly if there is a suspected link between the cases. Suspected outbreaks may also involve blended placements, positive testing in childminder setting households, or where school and community premises are shared.
Identifying outbreaks relies on good absence reporting. The reason for staff and child absence should be recorded and reviewed by the setting regularly. Where an unusually high number of absences for a similar cause are noted, an outbreak may be suspected.
Suspected outbreaks should be:
- reported to the Care Inspectorate and
- trigger an internal review of risk and mitigation measures, and any improvements that can be made to their implementation
Health protection teams
Childcare settings are considered to be low risk settings due to the relatively lower vulnerability of children to harm arising from COVID infection, and the high vaccination coverage of the working age adult population.
There is no longer a need to inform local Health Protection Teams of all suspected outbreaks, or single cases of COVID-19. NHS Public Health/Health Protection Teams may make the decision to engage with settings in the handling of individual cases, clusters or outbreaks but it is expected that the majority of cases and clusters will be managed by individuals and settings themselves through usual sickness and absence processes for staff and children. Additional enhanced cleaning measures and the importance of communication during an outbreak are set out below. Any decisions on measures beyond these will be taken at a local level by Health Protection Teams.
Cleaning during outbreaks
In the event of an outbreak of COVID-19 within a setting, certain routine cleaning protocols may need to be temporarily intensified (see also the previous chapter on routine cleaning). These include the following:
- gloves and aprons should be used by staff when cleaning areas where a person suspected of having COVID-19 has been identified
- environmental cleaning and disinfection should be undertaken using disposable cloths and mop heads using standard household detergent and disinfectant. All cloths and mop heads used must be disposed of in waste bags
- areas that the individual has directly used (such as desk space or locker) should be cleaned first using a detergent product and followed with a disinfectant. It is important to use a detergent first, as this improves the effectiveness of the disinfectant
- any public areas where a possible case has only passed through (spent minimal time in) such as corridors, and which are not visibly contaminated (e.g. with any body fluids), do not need to be further decontaminated beyond routine cleaning measures
- if soft furnishings (such as throws and bedding) have been used by a child who shows symptoms of COVID-19, they should be removed and laundered as quickly as possible at the highest recommended temperature in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions
Since 18 April 2022, there has been no requirement for settings to issue individual information ('warn and inform') letters to low-risk contacts where positive cases have been identified.
Communication with parents, care givers, staff and children is important and it remains good practice to keep them regularly updated regarding concerns linked to respiratory infections such as COVID-19.
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