Publication - Advice and guidance

Coronavirus (COVID-19): prioritisation matrix for key workers to be tested

Published: 11 May 2020
Last updated: 30 Mar 2021 - see all updates

Prioritisation matrix for key workers to be tested during the COVID-19 response.

11 May 2020
Coronavirus (COVID-19): prioritisation matrix for key workers to be tested

A level of priority for testing appointments will be maintained for key workers and their household members to support them returning to work where it is safe to do so.

More detail about who is a key worker is set out in the matrix below. Please note the list is not exhaustive, but intended to provide an indication of the type of worker within each group.

Key workers include:

  • Priority Group 1A: Staff delivering NHS services, providing social care to protect and care for the most vulnerable, all NHS staff and independent contractors working for the NHS, including community pharmacy and emergency dental care, and all social care and social work staff who work with vulnerable people and the social care system, including care homes, care at home and children’s services (including residential and secure care for children) and social care personal assistants
  • Priority Group 1B: Staff with face-to-face roles in residential institutions with people in the care of the state and those who are working essential services with niche roles, where service resilience is at risk, including operational staff in prisons, all other carers working with looked after children (not included in 1A), those working on critical national infrastructure (e.g. energy supply) with niche skills essential to maintain services safely  and defence staff living in Scotland who fall within the MOD’s very highest priority category for testing
  • Priority Group 2: Essential workers in critical national infrastructure fundamental for safety and security, and life-line services. This includes police, fire and rescue, local authority staff, defence personnel, environmental protection, animal health and welfare, funeral industry and staff working for third sector organisations supporting people and children who are vulnerable, including grant aided schools, food supply chain and food processing workers, and workers in medicines and pharmaceutical supply, chemicals supply, energy and water supply and telecomms
  • Priority Group 3: Staff directly involved in delivering other essential services. This includes staff working within, or providing essential support to, childcare or school settings, public transport workers, postal services, financial services, food retailers, construction and maintenance of essential public services, court and Crown Office staff, civil servants, politicians, consular corps, journalists and broadcasters
  • Priority Group 4: Staff and volunteers in third or public sector organisations including unpaid carers, and staff in nationally or locally significant industry important to economic sustainability and growth

NHS Scotland testing

Those who are in Priority Groups 1A and 1B should continue to access testing through the NHS in Scotland. We are keeping this under review as additional capacity becomes available through the UK Government testing route.

The only exceptions to this are health and social care workers who are self employed – such as personal care assistants. These workers should access testing through the UK Testing Programme self-referral portal route described below. 

Where those in the other Priority Groups are able to access NHS testing already they should continue to do so. However, if there are times when NHS testing capacity is at its maximum, then full use should be made of the testing opportunities offered by the UK Government Programme.  

Read more: guidance for households with possible coronavirus infection.

When to get tested

You should get tested in the first 3 days of coronavirus symptoms appearing, although testing is considered effective up until day 5.

No testing should be undertaken after day 5, unless it’s for a specific reason which will be agreed on a case by case basis by local microbiologists.

If you are not an essential worker you can read more about getting tested for COVID-19 in Scotland
First published: 11 May 2020 Last updated: 30 Mar 2021 -