Arctic Connections: Scotland's Arctic policy framework

A prospectus for cooperation, knowledge-exchange and policy partnerships between Scotland and the Arctic.


1.  For a full review see "An impact evaluation of the Northern Periphery and Arctic Programme 2014-2020".
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4.  See:

5.  Source: The Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2019.
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6.  Source: Scottish Government (2019), Gross Expenditure on Research and Development Scotland 2017.
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7.  Source: Cottier F. et al (2017), Submission to Scotland and the High North Enquiry.
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14.  Source: Highlands and Islands Enterprise (2019), 2019-2022 Strategy.
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15.  Source: BIN (2019). Business Index North 2019: People, Business and Development conditions.
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19.  Source: Ofcom (2018), Connected Nations 2018. Scotland Report.
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20.  Source: Arctic Economic Council (2016), Arctic Broadband. Recommendations for an Interconnected Arctic.
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21.  Source:

22.  Source: AMAP (2019), Arctic Climate Change Update 2019.
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23.  Source: World Bank (2016), Forest area (% of land area).
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24.  Source: International Energy Agency (2019), Global EV Outlook 2019.
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25.  Source: Guggenheim (2019), Financing Sustainable Development in the Arctic. Responsible Investment Solutions for the Future.
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26.  Source: Export Stats Scotland (2019).
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27.  Source EYGM (2019), Standing Tall. EY's Attractiveness Survey Scotland.
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30.  Source: AEC (2019), The State of Maritime Transportation in the Arctic.
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31.  Source: Scottish Government (2019), Provisional Scottish sea fisheries statistics 2018.
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32.  Source: AEC (2016), Arctic Broadband. Recommendations for an Interconnected Arctic.
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