Publication - Report

Goose management policy in Scotland: 2010 review

Published: 23 Feb 2011
Directorate:
Environment and Forestry Directorate
Part of:
Environment and climate change
ISBN:
9780755999798

Review of goose management policy in Scotland conducted in 2010.

304 page PDF

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304 page PDF

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Contents
Goose management policy in Scotland: 2010 review
15 Appendix F: Arrangements for goose management in the EU, Scandinavia, Iceland and Greenland

304 page PDF

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15 Appendix F: Arrangements for goose management in the EU, Scandinavia, Iceland and Greenland

In the current review, contacts for countries within the EU, Greenland and Iceland were provided through Johan Mooij (editor in Chief of the Goose Bulletin published by the International Goose Specialist Group). If no responses were obtained from the nominated persons, then additional requests for contacts were made through the country representatives of Birdlife International.

Representatives were asked to provide information on their country's goose policy framework, the species which cause conflicts, the goose management options, funding arrangements and expenditure, and hunting regulations. Additional supporting information was taken where necessary from web pages of the Federation of Associations for Hunting and Conservation of the EU ( www.face-europe.org) but this was only possible for countries that had submitted hunting guidance in English.

Responses were received from:

  • Iceland (Aevar Peterson, Icelandic Institute of Natural History, Bjarni Palsson, Environmental Agency of Iceland; and Arnór þórir Sigfússon, Verkis);
  • Flanders, Belgium (Frank Huyenstruyt, Jim Casaer and Koen Devos , Research Institute for Nature and Forest);
  • Greenland (Jens Bagger, Greenland Government);
  • Germany (Johan Mooij, Kreis Wesel Biology Station);
  • England (Phil Grice, Steve Pullan, John Bowman and Alan Bullivant, Natural England);
  • Italy (Fabio Perco, Trieste University);
  • France (Vincent Schricke, Ministry of Environment);
  • Bulgaria (Nikolai Petkov, Bulgarian Society for the Protection of Birds);
  • Estonia (Aivar Leito Institute of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences and Peep Mannil, Environment Ministry);
  • Denmark (Jesper Madsen and Tommy Asferg, National Environmental Research Institute);
  • Netherlands (Kees Koffiberg, SOVON);
  • Sweden (Johan Mannson and Annie Wiberg, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences); and
  • Norway (Ingunn Tombre, Institute for Nature Research ( NINA) and Arild Espelien, Norwegian Directorate for Nature Management).

Other countries thath were invited to respond (but did not) were Ireland, Russia, Hungary, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Austria, Spain and Finland.

It was not possible to derive comparative costs for goose management between countries due to lack of information available on annual expenditure (national or regional) for all countries. For the few countries where some relevant information was available, it was often an estimate rather derived from government databases or for only partial costs of meeting goose management costs.

Table F1. Policy, funding arrangements and overall approach to goose management for countries within the EU, Scandanavia, Iceland and Greenland

Country

National policy for goose management

Regional management/policy

Annual expenditure

Sweden

No

Yes (county)

Not available (combined costs are only available for meeting compensation for damage caused by cranes, swans and geese)

Norway

Yes, developed in 1996
(in Norwegian but with English abstract) NOTE 1

Yes (county)
(in Norwegian only eg. Forvaltingsplan for gjess i Hordaland and Forvaltningsplan for Gjess I Oslo og Akershus)

310,000 E

Iceland

No

No

Not applicable

Bulgaria

No

No

Not available

Denmark

Circa mid 1990s (in Danish only)

No

100,000 E for bait only (estimate)

France

No

No

Not applicable

Germany

No

Yes (Federal state)

2-3,000,000 E (estimate)

Greenland

No

No

Not applicable

Netherlands

Yes
(in Dutch only- Beleidskader Faunabeheer') NOTE 2

No

12,300,000-13,900,000 E
(agri-environment schemes /compensation only over years 2005/2006 to 2007/2008)

Estonia

No

No

200,000 E (based on 2003 figures)

Italy

No

Yes (Province)

3,000 E (Province of Goriza only 2008, 2009)

England

No

No

2,600,000 (based on mean of 10 years)

Belgium

No

Yes (regions)

?

NOTE 1 Directorate for Nature Management, 1996 Directorate for Nature Management, 1996. Handlings plan for forvaltning av gjess. DN-Report 1996-2.

NOTE 2 http://www.faunafonds.nl/index.asp?p=316&t=Beleidskader%20Faunabeheer

Table F2. Type of goose management options for goose species considered to cause damage for countries within the EU, Scandanavia, Iceland and Greenland

Country

Payment schemes (rate)

Non lethal scaring

Lethal scaring/hunting

Network of specific goose reserves (excluding SPAs etc

Other

Use of

Funding provided

'Quarry species'

Out of season licences

Sweden

Compensation

(assessment of damage carried out by inspectors employed by county administration boards)

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

Sacrificial crops

Norway

Compensation:

(i) crop type (pasture versus cereals) and;

(ii) goose densities (based on independent counts made)

Yes

Equipment only

Yes

Yes

No

-

Iceland

-

No

No

Yes

Yes

No

-

Bulgaria

Agri-environment scheme (per ha)

Compensation (per ha)

No (Illegal)

No

Yes

No

-

Denmark

No

Yes

Equipment only

Yes

Yes

No

Bait fields with grain

France

No

-

-

Yes

No

No

-

Germany

Compensation

(assessment of damage by an independent appraiser from agricultural administration. Damage is based on estimating actual loss of crop by comparison of height of grazed and non-grazed areas)

Flat rate (per ha)

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

-

Greenland

No

-

-

Yes

No

Netherlands

Agri-environment scheme (per ha)

Compensation outwith reserves

(assessment of damage carried out by independent appraiser who must also confirm that scaring techniques have been deployed. Damage is based on estimating actual loss of crop by comparison of height of grazed and non-grazed areas)

Outwith goose reserves only

Outwith goose reserves only

Yes

Yes linked to agri-environment schemes

Egg pricking/nest destruction

Cull by gassing

Habitat manipulation to reduce feeding opportunities

Fencing off breeding sites

Estonia

Compensation

(assessment of damage by a commission of a minimum of three people who must also confirm that scaring techniques have been deployed. Damage is determined according to crop type: by level of goose droppings or visual assessments of % damage in test plots )

Yes

No

Yes

No (as yet)

No

-

Italy

Compensation

(assessment of damage, which is carried out by the farmers and information is submitted to the Provincial administration). The amount is 'finiancial aid' and does not meet the full cost of losses incurred

No

No

No

No

No

-

England

Agri-environment schemes (per ha)

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

Addition to general open licence

Belgium

Compensation

(assessment of damage by an independent appraiser from the Nature Conservancy Department. Damage is determined by estimating actual damage by calculating the difference in yield between grazed and ungrazed areas of the field)

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

Nest destruction

Table F3. Hunting arrangements for goose species for countries within the EU, Scandanavia, Iceland and Greenland

Country

Bag limit for 'quarry goose species'

Bag reporting scheme for 'quarry goose species'

Sale of goose carcasses permitted

Hunting licence renewal

Hunting Proficiency exam

Regional variation in protected status of species

Sweden

No

Voluntary

Yes

Annual

Yes

Yes

Norway

No

Mandatory

Yes (approved by the Food Safety Authority)

Annual

Yes

Yes

Iceland

No

Mandatory

Yes NOTE 1

Annual

Yes

Yes

Bulgaria

Yes (daily quota for individual farmers)

Voluntary

No

Annual

Yes

No

Denmark

Yes (set to individual land owners)

Mandatory

Yes (but origin of carcass traceable)

Annual

Yes

No

France

No

Voluntary (mandatory for night time shooting)

No

Annual

Yes

No

Germany

No

Mandatory

Yes

1-3 years

Yes

Yes

Greenland

No

Mandatory

Yes (professional hunter only)

Annual

No

Yes

Netherlands

No

Mandatory

Yes

Annual

Yes

No

Estonia

No

Mandatory

Yes

Annual

Yes

Yes

Italy

NA

(geese fully protected)

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Belgium

No

Mandatory

Yes (but seasonal restrictions)

?

?

?

NOTE 1 The Hunting Society of Iceland is currently calling for a prohibition on the sale of geese.


Contact

Email: Central Enquiries Unit ceu@gov.scot