Movement of plants and plant products
To try to prevent the introduction of pests and diseases there are strict rules controlling the movements of plants and plant products.
Within the EU
Within the European Single Market, plant health checks are focused on the place of production.
There are no border checks for plants and plant products travelling between EU member states, although spot checks may take place anywhere in the trade chain.
A limited range of material which host the most serious quarantine pests and diseases requires a 'plant passport' to facilitate its movement. Where required, a passport is needed both for movements within and between member states, and additional requirements apply for movements into and within EU Protected Zones.
Imports from outside the EU
Importers must ensure that consignments are accompanied by appropriate documentation from the plant health authority of the country of origin. This will be checked by a plant health inspector before the consignment can be cleared by Customs. All consignments should be notified to Horticulture and Marketing Unit at email@example.com at least 3 days before arrival.
Read more at: Plant health guide: guidance for importers
Moving plants through England or Wales
Read: Plant health controls, imports and exports on the gov.uk site
Private individuals bringing plants into the UK
If you are travelling from another country there are restrictions on the plants or plant products you are allowed to bring into the UK. Read more: Bringing food, animals or plants into the UK
Taking plants out of the UK and outside the EU
Many countries outside the EU have rules restricting the plants and plant products that you can take into the country, and there may be heavy penalties for carrying banned items. The Foreign & Commonwealth Office's Travel Advice provides initial advice and links to the relevant national authorities.