Building and Fire Safety: Ministerial Working Group
This ministerial working group on building and fire safety has met since June 2017 to oversee reviews of building and fire safety frameworks, regulations and guidance, and any other relevant matters, to help ensure that people are safe in Scotland's buildings.
The initial focus of the group was on high rise domestic buildings, following the Grenfell Tower fire in London. It has also considered other buildings including housing, the NHS estate, schools and prisons.
Actions taken by the Ministerial Working Group include the following:
- introducing requirements for smoke and heat alarms to be fitted in all homes, from 2021
- setting up a review panel on fire safety standards, which has now resulted in changes to fire safety standards. These include the cladding requirements on buildings over 11m, escape provision in buildings over 18 m and the introduction of sprinklers to a wider range of housing (from 2021). The review panel included both UK experts and an international expert subgroup, it has now completed its work
- setting up a review panel on compliance and enforcement, which has resulted in the strengthening of procedural guidance related to safety critical issues. The review panel has now completed its work, but further implementation is being addressed through the futures board
- setting up a Building Standards Futures Board (from December 2018) that will take forward longer term changes to the building standards system to improve compliance with regulations
- setting up a fire safety regime review advisory group to ensure comprehensive protection to residents of high rise domestic buildings
- developing an inventory of high-rise domestic buildings in Scotland
Building standards in Scotland are not retrospective and unless evidence arises to the contrary buildings that have a building warrant and valid completion certificate complied with the regulations at the time. Where evidence of non-compliance or fire safety concerns arise, for whatever reason, then building owners should take immediate action to investigate and manage the situation.
The Scottish Government is liaising with local authorities and building owners to ensure that where unsafe cladding materials have been used that they are replaced. This work has focussed on aluminium composite material with a polyethylene core, the type of cladding used at Grenfell Tower.
The ministerial working group will ensure that Parliament is updated and respond to any requests as appropriate.
In undertaking the work of the ministerial working group, the Scottish Government has worked, and continues to work, closely with the UK Government and devolved administrations, using research evidence, test results and technical advice as required to inform its considerations.
The UK Government established the building and fire safety working group: work programme after the Grenfell Tower fire in June 2017. The UK Government’s Independent Expert Panel on Fire Safety was also established at this time. The expert panel has produced a number of advice notes dealing with the fire performance of cladding, fire doors and other construction details. The advice notes are intended to assist building owners in managing risk, but they have no legally established status in Scotland and do not take precedence over Scottish building and fire regulations, standards and guidance.
The UK Government commissioned a wider test programme on a range of cladding materials and when further information becomes available we will consider this and take appropriate action.
The ministerial working group welcomes the publication of the report of the first phase of the public inquiry into the fire at Grenfell Tower. The Scottish Government is studying the findings set out in the report and assessing if there are lessons from which we can learn to further improve the safety of our buildings.
- Kevin Stewart, Minister for Local Government, Housing and Planning (Chair)
- Ash Denham, Minister for Community Safety
- Scottish Fire and Rescue Service
- Scottish Government officials
- NHS representatives
- Building and fire safety: news release 6 December 2018
- Building and fire safety consultation on expert group recommendations: news release 13 June 2018
- Building and fire safety group fourth meeting: news release 10 August 2017
- Building and fire safety group third meeting: news release 13 July 2017
- Building and fire safety group second meeting: news release 28 June 2017
- Communities Minister comments on cladding on high rise buildings: 22 June 2017
- Review of building and fire safety regulations: news release 20 June 2017
- Scottish Fire and Rescue Service - Fire Safety Statistics
- ACM cladding in Scotland: questions and answers
- Practical fire safety guidance for existing high rise domestic buildings
- Scottish fire safety regime: final review
- Sample testing of fire doors: letters to local authority verifiers
- Making Scotland's buildings safer for people: consultation
- Review Panel on Building Standards (Fire Safety) in Scotland: report
- Building standards compliance and enforcement review: report
- Structural changes to Scottish Fire and Rescue Service: EIR release
- Fire safety guidance for existing premises with sleeping accommodation
- Structural design of cladding systems: building standards advice
- Building cladding - wind loading: building standards advice
- Refurbishment of Glenavon Road flats: FOI release
- Guidelines with regard to fireproofing of social housing: FOI release
- Building and fire safety working group minutes: October 2019
- Building and fire safety working group minutes: April 2019
- Building and fire safety working group minutes: December 2018
- Building and fire safety working group minutes: September 2018
- Building and fire safety working group minutes: June 2018
- Building and fire safety working group minutes: March 2018
- Building and fire safety working group minutes: January 2018
- Building and fire safety working group minutes: November 2017
- Building and fire safety working group minutes: October 2017
- Building and fire safety working group minutes: September 2017
- Building and fire safety working group minutes: August 2017
- Building and fire safety working group minutes: July 2017
- Building and fire safety working group minutes: 28 June 2017
- Building and fire safety working group minutes: 20 June 2017