Around half of Scotland's 40 freshwater and migratory fish species are exploited by anglers. The most valuable angling sector is undoubtedly for salmon, sea trout, brown trout and rainbow trout. However, pike, perch, common carp and grayling also have their devotees. Salmon and sea trout are taken both by recreational and commercial fixed engine and net and coble fisheries. There is no commercial trapping of eels, which have declined markedly throughout Europe in recent decades.
The rights to exploit freshwater fish are in private ownership, and may be leased to individuals or clubs. The value of angling to the Scottish economy recently has been estimated at more that £100 million per annum.
Basic information for a range of the species can be found using the headings below: