One way to measure the level of employment is to count the number of people who have jobs, using data from the Labour Force Survey (LFS).
An alternative method is to measure the number of jobs in the economy, rather than the number of people employed (some people have more than one job and some jobs are shared). The estimates for the number of jobs includes: employee jobs, working proprietors, self-employee jobs, HM Forces jobs and Government sponsored trainee jobs and covers all workers aged 16 and over.
Data for employee jobs and working proprietors comes from employer surveys. Classifications of industry and public/private sector will therefore be more accurate than in the LFS which is based on the individual's response. Data for self-employee jobs is estimated from the LFS, and data for HM Forces and Government sponsored trainees comes from administrative sources.
Quarterly Workforce Jobs
The Quarterly Workforce Jobs (QWFJ) series is the preferred measure of short term change in the level of jobs by industry at UK and government office region levels (including Scotland). Data is released every quarter and is available from the Office for National Statistics.
The latest data for Scotland is available from the JOBS04: Workforce jobs by region and industry table.
Business Register Employment Survey
The Business Register Employment Survey (BRES) is the preferred source for estimates of employee jobs by detailed industry for regional and sub-regional geographies. BRES does not include estimates for self-employee jobs, HM Forces, Government sponsored trainee jobs and unpaid family workers. Data is released annually in September. The latest data is provided in tables BRES 1 to BRES 3 below.
BRES 1 - Employment by industry, Great Britain, 2008-10
BRES 2 - Employment by industry, Scotland, 2008-10
BRES 3 - Employee jobs by industry and LA, 2008-10
Users should note that BRES data cannot be split by gender. To obtain employment data by Broad Industry Grouping and gender at local authority level for 2009, users will need to use the Annual Population Survey (APS). Users should refer to the Guidance note for differences between APS and BRES datasets, which highlights differences in methodology and outputs from these two surveys.
Users should refer to notes on the ONS website for information on discontinuities between BRES and ABI, and what information is included/excluded from BRES.
Prior to this, the ABI was the official source for employee jobs below national & regional level. Historic Data from the ABI (from 1998 - 2008) is provided in tables ABI 1 to ABI 8 below.In 2009, the Annual Business Inquiry (ABI) and Business Register Survey were merged to form the Business Register Employment Survey (BRES).
The Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) has recently been updated. The new SIC 07 is only available for 2007 and 2008.
SIC 03 data
ABI 1 - Employee jobs by industry - GB - 1998-2008 - Annual Business Inquiry
ABI 2 - Employee jobs by industry - Scotland - 1998-2008 - Annual Business Inquiry
ABI 3 - Employee jobs by industry - LA's - 1998-2008 - Annual Business Inquiry
SIC 07 data
ABI 4 - Employee jobs by industry - GB - 2007-2008 - Annual Business Inquiry
ABI 5 - Employee jobs by industry - Scotland - 2007-2008 - Annual Business Inquiry
ABI 6 - Employee jobs by industry - LA's - 2007-2008 - Annual Business Inquiry
Prior to 1998, the official source for employee jobs data was the Annual Employment Survey (AES) which ran from 1995 to 1997. Historic data from the AES is provided in tables AES 1 and AES 2 below.
AES 1 - Employee jobs by industry - GB - 1995-1997 - Annual Employment Survey
AES 2 - Employee jobs by industry - Scotland - 1995-1997 - Annual Employment Survey
If you are unable to find the data you require, please email the Labour Market Statistics Branch: