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National and International


UK-wide comparisons

  • A number of comparable environmental statistics are published on the Defra environment statistics website and in Regional Trends Online Tables.   
  • Greenhouse Gas Emission estimates and Air Pollutant estimates are currently produced by Ricardo AEA for the UK as a whole, therefore it is possible to directly compare emissions across the UK. Emissions for England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland are published annually in September on the NAEI website. The most recent UK wide statistics can be found on the DECC website
  • Temperature and Precipitation are collected by the UK Met Office. Direct comparison between Scotland's climate and the UK is possible, and Regional data can be downloaded from the Met Office website.
  • Energy statistics are provided by DECC and comparable figures for other parts of the UK are published either in Energy Trends or in the Sub National Energy Consumption Statistics.

International comparisons

  • Greenhouse Gas emissions for EU countries can be found on the European Environment Agency (EEA) website. Care is needed to ensure any comprisons include the same sectors, particularly emissions and removals from Land Use, Land Use Change and Forestry and emissions from international aviation and shipping. The results of an analysis of Scotland's greenhouse gas emissions compared to EU member states can be found on the Climate Change section of the Scottish Government website.
  • Natura 2000 is the key instrument to protect biodiversity in the European Union (EU). It is an ecological network of protected areas, set up to ensure the survival of Europe's most valuable species and habitats. Natura 2000 is based on the 1979 Birds Directive and the 1992 Habitats Directive. The green infrastructure it provides safeguards numerous ecosystem services and ensures that Europe's natural systems remain healthy and resilient. Data can be downloaded from the EEA website.
  • The EU Bathing Waters Directive requires Member States to identify popular bathing places in fresh and coastal waters and monitor them for indicators of microbiological pollution (and other substances) throughout the bathing season, which runs from May to September. Data can be downloaded from the EEA website.
  • For a full list of EEA datasets see http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps.
  • Statistics on municipal waste by type of treatment in member states are available in Eurostat's Sustainable Production and Consumption theme of their Sustainability indicators. The waste statistics are broadly comparable when considering trends, but there are differences in interpretation across countries.
  • Statistics on electricity consumption and generation are available from the Eurostat's Energy tables. Eurostat's Environment tables include fertiliser and pesticide use. Their Agriculture tables include information on land use.