Labour Productivity Statistics
An Official Statistics Publication For Scotland
Date: 20 January 2016
In 2014, Scottish labour productivity as measured by output per hour worked was 97.6% of the average UK value (excluding extra regio output) - a gap of 2.4 percentage points. The gap between labour productivity levels in Scotland and the UK average narrowed sharply during the recent recession .
Output per hour worked in Scotland increased by 1.3% in real terms (inflation adjusted) during 2014, following a decrease of 0.4% in 2013. Output per hour worked is now 4.4% higher in real terms than in 2007, prior to the recession.
Labour productivity as measured by output per job was 95.9% of the average UK value (excluding extra regio output), and increased by 0.9% in real terms during 2014. Output per job is now 2.9% higher in real terms than in 2007.
The differences in growth rates between output per hour worked and output per job indicate changes in average working patterns. For example, in 2014 the number of jobs in Scotland increased by 1.7% while total hours worked increased by only 1.3%, indicating a slight decrease in the average number of hours worked per job.
ABOUT THIS RELEASE
This release reports annual labour productivity estimates for the period 1998-2014 covering total output in the Scottish economy. Labour productivity measures the amount of economic output that is produced, on average, by a unit of labour input (measured in this release in terms of jobs and hours worked) and is an important indicator of economic performance. Results are calculated in both real terms (inflation adjusted) and current prices (nominal, not adjusted for inflation).
Labour input measures in this release are consistent with the NUTS1 results for countries and regions in Labour Productivity 2015 Q3 published by the Office for National Statistics (ONS) on 23 December 2015. Current price output statistics are consistent with Quarterly National Accounts Scotland 2015 Q2 (published on 4 November 2015), and real terms output statistics are consistent with Gross Domestic Product for Scotland 2015 Q3 (published on 13 January 2016).