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Summary: Transgender and Crime and Justice

Image of police talking to members of the publicSummary: Transgender and Crime and Justice

Offence aggravations
  • Offence aggravation data indicate that in 2016-17, 14 people were convicted in Scottish courts of an offence with an associated transgender aggravation. Thirteen of these were for charges of breach of the peace.

Source: Criminal Proceedings in Scotland, 2016-17 (Table 13. Last updated: February 2018)


A survey of 71 respondents show that:

  • 46% of respondents had previously experienced transphobic abuse in domestic relationships: mostly this took the form of verbal abuse but 17% experienced threatening behaviour; 11% experienced physical abuse and six percent experienced sexual abuse.
  • 62% of respondents stated that they had experienced transphobic harassment from strangers in public places who perceived them to be Transgender: mostly this took the form of verbal abuse but 31% experienced threatening behaviour, 17% experienced physical assault and four percent experienced sexual assault.
  • Although 38% did not describe experiencing transphobic harassment from strangers, it must be taken into account that 23% of respondents stated they have never been perceived to be Transgender by any strangers. Therefore, just 15% of respondents had been perceived as Transgender by strangers on one or more occasion but never experienced any transphobic harassment.
  • Only 15% of respondents had ever reported any transphobic harassment to the police. Of those 11 respondents, only five stated they were satisfied with the response they received from the police.

External Source: Transgender Experiences in Scotland (Published: 2013)

This research has been carried out independently of the Scottish Government, the results are hosted on an external website and the findings do not necessarily represent the views of the Scottish Government or Scottish Ministers



Useful Links 

Transgender Page

Crime and Justice Page

Publications and Outputs

Publications and Outputs

Criminal Proceedings in Scotland, 2016-17 (February 2018) Statistics are presented on criminal proceedings concluded in Scottish courts and on a range of measures available as alternatives to prosecution. Covers convictions by age and gender, as well as crimes with disability, racial, religious, sexual orientation, transgender aggravators.

Scottish Government Equality Outcomes: Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender (LGBT) Evidence Review (2013) A comprehensive review of available evidence in relation to sexual orientation and transgender people

External Links

External Links

Please note that you will leave the Scottish Government web site by clicking on any of the following links, and that the Scottish Government and its staff are not responsible for content external to this web site. The research below has been carried out independently of the Scottish Government and the findings do not necessarily represent the views of the Scottish Government or Scottish Ministers

External Publications and Outputs

LGBT in Britain: Trans Report (Stonewall, January 2018) Report based on research with 871 trans and non-binary people within the UK. It covers hate crime, discrimination, work, higher education, healthcare and housing

Life in Scotland for LGBT Young People (LGBT Youth Scotland, 2018) Analysis from a survey of LGBT young people in Scotland, covering homophobia, biphobia, and transphobia, discrimination, hate crime, transport, education, health and work.

Inequality among lesbian, gay bisexual and transgender groups in the UK: A review of evidence (Government Equalities Office, July 2016) A review of evidence to identify the inequality and disadvantage experienced by lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people in the UK.

How Fair is Britain?: Report of EHRC first triennial review (EHRC, 2011) This Equality and Human Rights review aims to provide an authoritative compilation of the available evidence about equalities in England, Scotland and Wales against 40 indicators agreed by the Commission, the government and other key agencies. It brings together the facts about the experiences and outcomes in life of different individuals and groups. It draws on a range of sources including censuses, government surveys, academic work, and secondary analysis carried out especially for this Review.

Statistics in more details


Crime & Justice


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