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Equality and Poverty Analysis Team

Communities Analytical Services

Scottish Government

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Summary: Disability and Crime and Justice

Image of police talking to members of the publicSummary: Sexual Orientation and Crime and Justice

Offence Aggravation
  • Offence aggravation data indicate that in 2016-17, 356 people were convicted in Scottish courts of an offence with an associated sexual orientation aggravation.

  • Nearly 87% of these were for charges of breach of the peace.

Source: Criminal Proceedings in Scotland, 2016-17 (Table 13. Last updated: February 2018)

 Hate Crime
  • The legislation for the newer categories of hate crime, including sexual orientation, came into force on 24 March 2010. The data in this publication therefore cover 2010-11 and 2011-12 only. The figures quoted relate to the number of charges reported, rather than the number of individuals charged or the number of incidents that gave rise to such charges.
  • In 2011-12, 652 charges were reported with an aggravation of prejudice relating to sexual orientation. This is 46% more than the number reported in 2010-11, the first full year of implementation of the legislation.
  • This increase is thought to be due to increased awareness, reporting and recording of these crimes, following several incidents relating to religious prejudice which received significant media attention during the year and which may have increased awareness of other hate crimes as well.
  • Court proceedings were commenced in 82% of charges.

Source: 'Hate Crime in Scotland 2011-12' as reported in Scottish Government Equality Outcomes: Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender (LGBT) Evidence Review (Published: 2013)

Partner Abuse
  • Of those respondents who had experienced partner abuse since the age of 16, 6.6 per cent of men and 0.6per cent of women were of the same gender as their abusive partners.

Source: Scottish Crime and Justice Survey 2014/15 (Last updated: March 2016)


Useful Links 

Sexual Orientation Page

Crime and Justice Page

Publications and Outputs

Publications and Outputs

Scottish Crime and Justice Survey 2016-17 (March 2018) A large-scale social survey which asks people about their experiences and perceptions of crime. Includes statistics by age, disability, ethnicity, gender, religion, and sexual orientation

Criminal Proceedings in Scotland, 2016-17 (February 2018) Statistics are presented on criminal proceedings concluded in Scottish courts and on a range of measures available as alternatives to prosecution. Covers convictions by age and gender, as well as crimes with disability, racial, religious, sexual orientation, transgender aggravators.

Sexual Orientation in Scotland 2017: A Summary of the Evidence Base (January 2017) This report draws together statistics and research on sexual orientation from a range of sources and presents these in a single bulletin, providing user-friendly infographics and commentary. It examines the differences between heterosexual adults in Scotland and those who self-identify their sexual orientation as lesbian, gay, bisexual or other in major household surveys.

Scottish Government Equality Outcomes: Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender (LGBT) Evidence Review (2013) A comprehensive review of available evidence in relation to sexual orientation and transgender people

External Links

External Links

Please note that you will leave the Scottish Government web site by clicking on any of the following links, and that the Scottish Government and its staff are not responsible for content external to this web site. The research below has been carried out independently of the Scottish Government and the findings do not necessarily represent the views of the Scottish Government or Scottish Ministers

External Publications and Outputs

Life in Scotland for LGBT Young People (LGBT Youth Scotland, 2018) Analysis from a survey of LGBT young people in Scotland, covering homophobia, biphobia, and transphobia, discrimination, hate crime, transport, education, health and work.

Inequality among lesbian, gay bisexual and transgender groups in the UK: A review of evidence (Government Equalities Office, July 2016) A review of evidence to identify the inequality and disadvantage experienced by lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people in the UK.

How Fair is Britain?: Report of EHRC first triennial review (EHRC, 2011) This Equality and Human Rights review aims to provide an authoritative compilation of the available evidence about equalities in England, Scotland and Wales against 40 indicators agreed by the Commission, the government and other key agencies. It brings together the facts about the experiences and outcomes in life of different individuals and groups. It draws on a range of sources including censuses, government surveys, academic work, and secondary analysis carried out especially for this Review.

Statistics in more details


Crime and Justice