We are testing a new beta website for gov.scot go to new site

Summary: Gender and Labour Market

Summary: Gender and Labour Market

In 2016 in Scotland:

  • 87.2% of men in employment are in full time employment compared to 58.3% of women.

  • 18.1% of men in employment work in the public sector1 compared to 35.0% of women. Since 2008 there has been a larger reduction in the proportion of women in employment in the public sector than men (2.9 percentage points for women and 0.9 percentage points for men).

Source: Regional Employment Patterns in Scotland: Statistics from the Annual Population Survey 2016 (Last updated: May 2017)


Employment rates (16-64) by gender for Scotland and UK in 2016, with change over year.

Employment Rates by Gender

Source: Regional Employment Patterns in Scotland: Statistics from the Annual Population Survey 2016 (Last updated: May 2017)

Note: The official source for employment in the public sector at national & regional level is the Quarterly Public Sector Employment series (QPSE) but that Annual Population Survey is used to obtain breakdowns such as gender.


See the monthly briefing papers for the latest labour market statistics


Results from Scotland's Census show that in 2011:

  • Almost five times more women were part-time employees compared with men (33% of economically active women compared with 7% of economically active men).
  • The proportion of men working in the ‘Construction’ (14%), ‘Manufacturing’ (11%) and ‘Transport and Storage’ (7.8%) sectors was much higher than the proportion of women, while there were higher proportions of women than men working in ‘Health and Social Work’ (24.8%) and ‘Education’ (12.4%) sectors.
  • Around nine times more men than women worked in ‘Skilled trades occupations’ and seven times more men than women worked as ‘Process, plant and machine operatives’.
  • In contrast, around five times more women than men worked in ‘Caring, leisure and other service occupations’ and four times more women worked in ‘Administrative and secretarial occupations’.

Source: 2011 Census: Release 2B (NRS)


Useful Links

Gender Page

Labour Market Page

Publications and Outputs

Publications and Outputs

Regional Employment Patterns in Scotland: Statistics from the Annual Population Survey 2016 (May 2017) Summary publication of results from the Annual Population Survey, presenting analysis on the labour market, education and training. The main publication contains data on age, disability, ethnicity and gender, with further equalities analysis found in the Supplementary Local Authority Tables.

Labour Market Statistics Monthly Briefing Paper (2017) The monthly publication contains headline Labour Market Statistics, trends by gender and youth employment and unemployment.

Employability in Scotland: Women and Work - Briefings and research reports on women and work



Annual Population Survey microdata is available (through a ‘special licence’ scheme) from the UK Data Archive.

External Links

External Links

Please note that you will leave the Scottish Government web site by clicking on any of the following links, and that the Scottish Government and its staff are not responsible for content external to this web site. The research below has been carried out independently of the Scottish Government and the findings do not necessarily represent the views of the Scottish Government or Scottish Ministers

External Publications and Outputs

Older Workers in the Labour Market (TUC, 2014) Report for the TUC Women's Conference on older women and the labour market.

The Changing Labour Market (Fawcett Society, 2013) Key evidence on the current and projected status of women in the labour market

The Female FTSE Board Report (2013) A report from Cranfield University on the progress to date of women on boards in business

External Research Organisations

Nomis - An Office for National Statistics (ONS) service, providing access to the most detailed and up-to-date UK labour market statistics from official sources.

Office for National Statistics: Labour Market - ONS publications on UK labour market statistics



Labour Market