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Obesity Indicators 2014: Monitoring Progress for the Prevention of Obesity Route Map

Obesity Indicators 2014: Monitoring Progress for the Prevention of Obesity Route Map

Tuesday, December 2, 2014

ISBN: 9781784129583

This publication reports the latest available data for 16 indicators selected to monitor progress for the Prevention of Obesity Route Map. Most indicators are updated up to 2013, but for some indicators data is more or less up-to-date than this.

Executive Summary

In 2013, 64.6% of adults (aged 16+) in Scotland were overweight, including 27.1% who were obese. Adult overweight and obesity levels have not changed significantly since 2008.

28.8% of children (aged 2-15) were at risk of overweight or obesity in 2013.

Adult overweight or obesity rates increased between 1995 and 2008 but have remained stable since then. In 1995, 52% of adults aged 16-64 were overweight (including obese). This increased to 63% by 2008 and has remained at around that level (63% in 2013).

The proportion of children at risk of overweight or obesity has been more stable, with 28.8% at risk of overweight including 16.0% at risk of obesity in 2013. The equivalent figures in 1998 were 29.1% and 14.3%.

The proportion of adults who were physically active at the recommended level increased from 62% in 2012 to 64% in 2013. More men (71%) than women (58%) met the physical activity guideline.

There was a significant increase in the proportion of children meeting the physical activity guideline, from 71% in 2008 and 2009 to 75% in 2013. Significantly more boys than girls met the guideline, with the gap greatest between ages 13 and 15 (68% of boys and 51% of girls aged 13-15 met the guideline).

In 2013, adults reported sitting in their leisure time for a mean of 5.3 hours on weekdays and 6.1 hours on weekend days. One in eight children (13% of boys; 10% of girls) spent more than four hours on an average day in 2013 sitting watching a television or other screen.

There has been little change since 2000 in the proportion of adults (15%) and children (53%) engaging in active travel to work and school.

Prevalence of type 2 diabetes is still increasing. At the end of 2013, there were 268,154 people diagnosed with diabetes, 5% of the population; 88% of all cases were type 2 diabetes.

Since 2010, sales of regular soft drinks have decreased by 8.6% (190 million litres in 2013.