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Scottish Annual Business Statistics 2009

DescriptionFinancial and employment statistics on Scottish businesses, by industry sector, local authority area and company ownership.
Official Print Publication DateAugust 2011
Website Publication DateAugust 31, 2011


Scottish Annual Business Statistics ( SABS) 2009 provides financial data for businesses in Scotland. The statistics are available at:


SABS includes detailed data on employees, employment, turnover, gross value added, labour costs and other financial data. Data are shown by industry sector, local authority area and company ownership.

These figures cover approximately two thirds of the economy. The main sectors not covered are most of the agricultural sector, the financial sector and the public sector. These statistics are therefore best suited to the analyses of individual industries rather than the economy as a whole.

The main points are as follows:

  • In 2009, gross value added (GVA) in the services sector amounted to £52 billion (bn), compared to £13 bn in manufacturing and £6 bn in the construction sector. The remaining sectors, covered by the Annual Business Survey ( ABS), accounted for £21 bn (oil and gas accounted for £12 bn of this, note that the ABS includes off-shore activity).
  • In 2009, the three largest contributions to GVA within manufacturing came from the beverages sector - £2.7 billion (22% of total manufacturing GVA), chemicals industry £1.3 bn (10%) and food products £1.2 bn (10%). Together these three industries accounted for over 40% of total manufacturing GVA.

  • In 2009, within services, the three largest contributions to GVA came from insurance and re-insurance - £11.8 billion (23% of total services GVA), retail trade £6.4 bn (12%) and architectural and engineering activities £4 bn (8%). Together these three industries accounted for over 40% of total services GVA (which excludes part of the financial sector and some of the public sector).

  • In 2009, within manufacturing, foreign-owned companies accounted for 36% of GVA and 27% of employees. Within services, foreign-owned companies accounted for 22% of GVA and 14% of employees.
  • In 2009, the local authority areas contributing most to total GVA within manufacturing were Glasgow City (11%), Falkirk (9%), Aberdeen City (8%) and Fife (8%). Within the services sector, the highest contributing local authority areas to GVA were Edinburgh City (25%), Glasgow City (14%), Aberdeen City (13%) and Stirling (9%).
  • Between 2008 and 2009, the main sectors saw the following decreases in GVA: services sector decreased by £2 bn (3%), manufacturing by £0.4 bn (3%) and construction by £2 bn (26%). The economic recession falls within the time period covered by the SABS figures for 2008 and 2009. The Scottish economy entered recession in mid-2008 before returning to growth in late 2009.

Background Notes

  • The Scottish Annual Business Statistics are based on the Annual Business Survey (ABS) conducted by the Office for National Statistics (ONS). Summary 2009 data, for all regions and countries within the UK, were published by ONS on 28 July 2011 and are available at: http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/publications/re-reference-tables.html?edition=tcm%3A77-225025
  • The results published today present more detailed 2009 figures for Scotland, with revised figures for 2008. The figures are published on the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) 2007 basis. Data for Group SIC 65.1 - Insurance and SIC 65.2 - Reinsurance are included in the SABS results for 2008 and 2009 for the first time.
  • We strongly advise against quoting overall/"total" growth rates associated with the ABS given that significant sectors of the economy are not included and the results have not been balanced with other datasets. These statistics are therefore best suited to analyses of individual industries rather than the economy as a whole.
  • National Statistics are produced by professionally independent statistical staff - more information on the standards of National Statistics in Scotland can be accessed at: http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Topics/Statistics/About

Issued by

Office of the Chief Economic Adviser

5 Atlantic Quay

150 Broomielaw


G2 8LU


Communications Officer: Karen MacKinnon 0131-244-2175

Statistician: Marina Curran 0300-244-6813

E-mail industrystatistics@scotland.gsi.gov.uk