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Scotland's Zero Waste Plan: Consultation


Annex - D - Current delivery body roles in supporting Zero Waste


1. Scottish Government's Zero Waste Fund has a budget of £41.1 million in 2008-09, £54.4 million in 2009-10 and £58.7 million in 2010-11.

2. Scottish Government has allocated £53.9 million over 2008-11 to fund the following delivery bodies. These resources do not cover the Scottish Environment Protection Agency, who receive a separate Grant In Aid funding. Similarly, the current delivery landscape review does not cover SEPA.

£m (Rounded)

Delivery Body





WRAP Scotland










Scottish Waste Awareness Group (hosted by KSB)





Community Recycling Network for Scotland





Remade Scotland





Keep Scotland Beautiful ( KSB)





Eco-Schools (hosted by KSB)





National Industrial Symbiosis Programme










3. These organisations carry out a wide range of work, including:

  • Resource efficiency advice and support to business waste producers and to the public sector.
  • Developing Voluntary Agreements with key industries (eg retailers and the construction industry), including in relation to material supply chains.
  • Work on sustainable design, in line with Zero Waste principles.
  • Support for the recycling and composting industry;
  • Work, with SEPA, on regulatory issues and standards.
  • Developing markets for recyclate through, for example, capital grant support for reprocessing infrastructure.
  • Factual advice, based on research, to householders on waste prevention in areas such as food waste, packaging, home composting and unwanted mail.
  • Support for local authorities and others collecting recyclate in relation to efficiency in collection; education and awareness campaigns; and finding markets for recyclate.
  • Support for the community recycling sector.
  • Advice on sustainable procurement.

4. The tables below provides a brief synopsis of the work carried out by the delivery organisations:

Bodies dealing primarily with commercial and industrial waste

5. Envirowise

Provides advice to business (and the public sector) on resource efficiency, waste prevention and effective use of water.

Provides advice to business on sustainable design of products, including the resource efficient design of business-to-business packaging.

Provides training on business resource efficiency.

Provides bespoke on-site resource efficiency support specifically to SME businesses.

Has information on-line to support business, and the public sector, become more resource efficient.

Key targets for Envirowise in 2009/10 are:

  • Save Scottish businesses a total of £24 million
  • Divert 80,000 tonnes of solid waste from landfill and save 20,000 tonnes of raw materials.

6. National Industrial Symbiosis Programme (Scotland) ( NISP)

NISP receives financial support from the Greener Scotland Directorate of the Scottish Government, as well as from the Waste Strategy Team. Key activities are shown below.

Manages a facilitated industrial network that uses the industrial symbiosis approach to identify mutually profitable transactions between companies.

Helps companies by identifying profitable outlets for non-product outputs and sourcing innovative and cost effective input streams for industrial processes, with the aim of increasing recycling and reducing the amount of waste sent to landfill, reducing greenhouse gas emissions and promoting innovation and knowledge transfer.

Manages the UK's only national resource database and monitoring system.

Arranges industry/sector led workshops to identify potential synergies and business opportunities.

The key target for NISP Scotland in 2008/09 was to divert 45,000 tonnes of material from landfill. NISP Scotland diverted over 70,000 tonnes of materials from landfill in Scotland during the last 12 months.

Organisations dealing with both commercial and industrial waste and municipal waste

7. The Waste and Resources Action Programme (Scotland) ( WRAP Scotland)

Provides capital grant support for infrastructure to recycle construction, plastic and organic waste.

Working with SEPA, develops standards for recyclate.

Monitors and publishes prices for recyclate.

Develops markets for recycled products, through, for example, providing advice and technical support on specifying recycled materials in contracts; carrying out trials and research on uses of compost and tackling technical and perception barriers to the use of recyclate and compost.

Runs a business development service, for recycling and composting companies.

Runs and develops the Courtauld Commitment with retailers, leading brands and supply chain companies on reducing unnecessary packaging and food waste.

Runs and develops the agreement with the construction industry, to halve the amount of construction and demolition waste sent to landfill by 2012.

Runs the INCREASE programme (grants to community recycling).

Runs training courses for local authority recycling managers and managers from other sectors.

With Waste Aware Scotland, distributes subsidised home composting bins to householders. Provides support to householders through home composting advisers and funds community based Master Compost Schemes.

Carries out research on household food waste, to support Waste Aware Scotland's Love Food, Hate Waste campaign.

Provides support to Local Authorities on the introduction and roll out of new collection schemes, such as food waste and plastics.

Produces data on organic waste arisings (both local authority and commercial).

Key targets for WRAP in this current Business Plan period (2008 to 2011) are:

  • Assist in diverting from landfill over 600,000 tonnes of materials from the municipal, commercial and construction waste streams.
  • Deliver £18 million of savings for business and turnover growth of £20 million.
  • Help consumers save £60 million and local authorities £7 million.

8. Community Recycling Network for Scotland

Encourages greater re-use of resources such as furniture, white goods, paint, bulky uplifts, building materials, carpets and office furniture. Working with the Scottish Government on the re-use framework for Scotland. [Included at Annex G].

Aims to increase recycling/composting in key areas such as mattresses, food waste, kitchen oil into biodiesel and at events and for SMEs.

Supports applicants to INCREASE (the community recycling sector grant scheme) and provides small grants to community recyclers under the small grants section of the INCREASE programme.

Supports disadvantaged communities and individuals to engage with environmental action and gain an understanding of environmental issues via training and volunteering opportunities.

Supports community recycling organisations to procure public sector services by the use of community benefit clauses which seek to maximise the additional social, economic and environmental benefits that the contracts can deliver to local communities.

Supports, with WRAP and Waste Aware Scotland, work on Master Composters, to increase public participation in, and capture from, home composting. Also supports community composting.

Provides business support and training to the community sector.

Key targets for the CRNS in this business plan period (2008 to 2011) are:

  • Increased tonnages collected by the community sector for recycling, reuse and composting to 125,000 tonnes per annum.
  • Increase amount of waste prevented by the community sector to 25,000 tonnes per annum.
  • For the sector to provide at least 1,500 training placements by 2011.

9. REMADE Scotland

Waste minimisation in public bodies. Promoting and supporting tools and techniques to minimise waste arisings and stimulate increased internal recycling.

Market review and analysis. Provision of market intelligence to ensure security of material outlets, through an annual report and event.

The production of flow maps of local authority recyclate.

Data modelling on material flows, treatment capacity and commercial and industrial waste arisings and scenario analysis of local authority targets.

Annual report, with Waste Aware Scotland and WRAP, on best practice in recyclate recovery from kerbside and from recycling centres and points.

Direct support to individual local authorities on recyclate scheme optimisation.

Local authority research and support. Provision of specific research needs identified by Councils in partnership with Waste Aware Scotland and WRAP.

Support to the Community Recycling Network for Scotland for their Material Strategy and Markets, Business Development and Carbon Modelling of services.

Support to local authorities in relation to contracts to sell and secure markets for recyclate.

Managing, with Waste Aware Scotland, the trials to collect, and compost, food waste from households. Cost profiling and reporting.

Production of data on organic waste arisings (both local authority and commercial) and potential capacity for use of composts.

Development of an Anaerobic Digestion model to identify regional needs as well as the production of heat, power and digestate quantity and quality from individual plants.

Work with WRAP on the capacity and quality of Material Recycling Facilities in Scotland, including likely costs and income.

Work with Scottish Enterprise, SEPA, Envirowise and NISP to improve the quality of data and analysis of Commercial and Industrial waste arisings.

Heat use pilot. Management of a pilot project to utilise heat from an in-vessel composting plant.

Key targets for REMADE Scotland in this business plan period (2008 to 2011) are:

  • Contributing to and assisting local authorities increase recycling to 40% by 2010 - equivalent to an increase in 320,000 tonnes of additional recycling a year.
  • Economic benefit target of 870 new jobs in the public and private sectors.
  • Stimulation of £25 million of additional capital investment in new treatment facilities for residual waste and process manufacturing of used recyclate, potentially resulting in a further £13.2 million contribution to GDP.

Body dealing primarily with household waste

10. Waste Aware Scotland (Scottish Waste Awareness Group).

Prepares waste prevention and recycling communication strategies for local authorities, the private sector and the community recycling sector.

The Waste Aware Scotland and Sort-It websites provide information on reduce, re-use and recycle activities for consumers in their local areas.

Runs The Love Food Hate Waste campaign, aimed at householders, on preventing food waste.

Runs a positive packaging micro-site, providing information to householders on packaging.

Runs an unwanted mail campaign, on ways to reduce the amount of unwanted mail delivered to Scottish households.

Runs, with WRAP, the Scottish Home Composting scheme (providing subsidised home composting bins and associated awareness).

Supports work by the Scottish Government on reducing the unnecessary use of carrier bags.

Answers public inquiries on reducing, re-using and recycling waste.

Runs an on-line business recycling directory providing information on recycling services available to business.

Runs the Recycling Advisor Support Programme, which aims to increase public participation in kerbside recycling and the amount of recyclate which is captured.

Supports work by REMADE Scotland in relation to trials to collect food waste from householders, for composting.

Supports work by CRNS to promote greater re-use of furniture, white goods, paint, bulky uplifts, building materials and carpets and works with the Scottish Government

and the CRNS on the re-use framework for Scotland.

Key targets for Waste Aware Scotland in this current Business Plan period (2008 to 2011) are:

  • Assist in diverting from landfill around 600,000 tonnes of materials from the household waste stream.
  • Help save around £37 million.

Other bodies

11. Keep Scotland Beautiful

Keep Scotland Beautiful is responsible for a number of programmes, including Waste Aware Scotland and Eco-Schools. Work in these areas is shown separately in this Annex.

The core grant provided to KSB covers a number of areas including work on litter, fly-tipping, National Spring Clean, Beautiful Scotland, local environmental quality and enhancing the cleanliness of beaches and coastal areas. This work includes the following actions:

  • Reducing litter and fly-tipping to improve the quality of life in local communities, through cleaner, safer and greener environments.
  • Equipping the public and local communities with the information, knowledge and confidence to become more involved in improving local areas.
  • Supporting public and private sector land managers and SMEs to meet their waste management responsibilities, particularly in relation to litter management.
  • Tackling other local environmental quality issues, such as dog fouling, graffiti, fly-posting and abandoned vehicles, to improve the quality of life in local communities.
  • Supporting beach managers and coastal communities to enhance their local beaches for the benefit of local communities, visitors and tourists.
  • Support for sustainable tourism through the Tourism Innovation Group, Sustainable Tourism Partnership and the Tourism Framework for Change to support Scotland's development as a top sustainable tourism destination through the provision of high quality local environments.

12. Eco-Schools

Eco-Schools is an international award programme. Developed by the Foundation for Environmental Education ( FEE), 46 countries around the world are now active participants.

Eco-Schools receives financial support from other parts of the Scottish Government, as well as from Waste Strategy, and covers a range of topics:

  • Litter
  • Waste
  • Energy
  • Water
  • Transport
  • Health and well-being
  • School grounds
  • Biodiversity.
  • Sustaining our world.

The process of becoming an Eco-School requires seven key elements which, when followed, allow a school to work towards a series of awards. These elements are:

  • The Eco Committee (to co-ordinate the work). (The Eco Committee must involve pupils, staff (both teaching and non-teaching), parents and members of the local community).
  • An Environmental Review, which leads to the development of
  • An Action Plan
  • The monitoring and evaluation of progress
  • The linking of activities to the curriculum.
  • The involvement of the whole school and the wider community.
  • The Eco Code (an environmental statement for the whole school).

Awards available to schools are outlined below:


Method of assessment

Bronze Award

Self assessed

Silver Award

Self assessed

1 st Green Flag

Assessed by visit from external assessors

2 nd Green Flag

Assessed two years after award of 1 st Green Flag, by visit from external assessors

3 rd Green Flag

Assessed two years after award of 2 nd Green Flag, by visit from external assessors

4 th Green Flag

Assessed two years after award of 3 rd Green Flag. On achieving this, schools are granted 'permanent' status as an Eco School

Over 3,000 schools are now registered with the Eco-Schools programme in Scotland, which includes over 95% of Scotland's local authority schools. Over 26% of local authority schools in Scotland have attained the Green Flag.

Scottish Government
August 2009