We are testing a new beta website for gov.scot go to new site

Evaluation of the Working for Families Fund (2004 - 2008)

DescriptionEvaluates the Working for Families Fund which was available in Scotland 2004-08, latterly in 20 local authority areas covering 79% of Scotland's population. This fund invested in initiatives to improve the employability of disadvantaged parents facing barriers, particularly childcare barriers, to participating in the labour market.
ISBN978 0755972982
Official Print Publication DateApril 2009
Website Publication DateApril 22, 2009


Professor Ronald McQuaid, Sue Bond, Vanesa Fuertes and the Working for Families Evaluation Team
Employment Research Institute
Napier University

ISBN 978 0 7559 7298 2 (Web only publication)
ISSN 0950 2254

This document is also available in pdf format (2mb)

C ontents



1.1 What is the Working for Families Fund?
1.2 Structure of the Report and Methodology

2.0 Introduction
2.1 WFF Clients
2.1.1 Numbers of clients
2.1.2 Who referred clients to WFF?
2.2 Who Were Working for Families Clients?
2.2.1 Personal characteristics
2.2.2 Household circumstances
2.2.3 Qualifications, economic activity
2.2.4 SIMD
2.2.5 Clients in employment
2.2.6 Clients not in employment
2.2.7 Client aims
2.2.8 Barriers faced by clients
2.2.9. Barriers by aims
2.2.10 Overall analysis of client characteristics
2.3 Were They the Right Target Groups and did WFF Reach Them?
2.4 The Overall Approach to Support Given by WFF
2.5 Summary

3. Introduction
3.1 General Client Outcomes
3.2 Clients who achieved "Hard" Outcomes/Transitions
3.2.1 Measurement of 'Hard' Outcomes/Transitions
3.2.2 Type of 'Hard' Outcomes/transitions
3.2.3 Economic activity by 'Hard' Outcome/Transition
3.2.4 Further details of clients moving into full-time or part-time employment
3.3 Who Achieved 'Hard' Outcomes?
3.3.1 Descriptive analysis of clients who achieved a 'Hard' Outcome
3.3.2 Regression analysis of clients who achieved a 'Hard' Outcome
3.3.3 Transitions into full-time employment
3.3.4 Transitions into part-time employment
3.3.5 Transitions into training or education
3.3.6 Sustaining previous employment or education
3.3.7 Major cities (Glasgow, Edinburgh, Aberdeen, Dundee)
3.3.8 Non-major city local authorities
3.4 Clients who achieved 'Soft' Outcomes/ Intermediate Activities
3.4.1 Measurement of intermediate activities
3.4.2 Type and numbers of 'soft' intermediate activities
3.4.3 'Soft' intermediate activities outcomes
3.4.4 Descriptive analysis of characteristics of clients who achieved intermediate activities outcomes
3.5 Clients who improved their Employability: Distance Travelled - Employability Measures
3.5.1 Measurement of employability measures
3.5.2 Descriptive analysis of characteristics of clients who improved employability
3.6 Clients Who Did Not Achieve an Outcome
3.6.1 Descriptive analysis of characteristics of clients who exited with no outcome
3.7 Outcomes by Projects
3.7.1 Comparisons between WFF projects
3.8 Sustainability of Transitions
3.8.1 Sustainability of latest major Transition at three month follow-up
3.8.2 Sustainability of latest major Transition at six month follow-up
3.8.3 Sustainability of latest major Transition at twelve month follow-up
3.8.4 Technical background
3.8.5 Characteristics of clients not sustaining an outcome at three months
3.8.6 Reasons why a positive Transition was not sustained
3.9 Summary

4. Introduction
4.1 Key Figures on Cost of WFF
4.2 Costs
4.2.1 Costs per client
4.2.2 Cost per 'Hard' Outcome / Transition
4.2.3 Cost per client who experienced a 'Hard' Outcome / Transition
4.3 Comparator Studies - Control Groups
4.4 Public Expenditure
4.5 Summary

5. Introduction
5.1 Summary of Key Implementation Issues
5.1.1 Management through development/economic development departments
5.1.2 Partnership working
5.1.3 Key worker programmes
5.1.4 Other types of support projects
5.1.5 Flexibility and learning
5.1.6 Views of local authorities on what worked
5.2 Rural-Urban Issues
5.2.1 Characteristics of clients
5.2.2 Client outcomes
5.2.3 Referrals
5.3 Use of Childcare
5.3.1 Childcare questionnaire
5.3.2 Comments on childcare services
5.3.3 Overall comments about childcare and WFF
5.4 Summary

6.1 The Overall Impacts of the Funding
6.2 Were They the Right Target Groups and did WFF Reach Them?
6.3 Cost-Benefit Analysis
6.4 Implementation
6.5 Recommendations

APPENDIX Area Profiles

It should be noted that since this research was commissioned a new Scottish government
has been formed, which means that the report reflects commitments and strategic
objectives conceived under the previous administration. The policies, strategies,
objectives and commitments referred to in this report should not therefore be treated as
current Government policy.

This report is available on the Scottish Government Social Research website only