5. Oil and gas services
This section refers to the services that support the extraction of oil and gas, largely exploration and test drilling, but also looking ahead to oil and gas decommissioning, where there is substantial potential for economic growth. Oil and gas support activities are the largest contributors of turnover and GVA to the marine economy, although oil price changes tend to impact on the sector.
The SABS categories used to identify oil and gas services have changed in recent years. Since 2011, support services for oil and gas were extracted using the SIC code '09.1: Support activities for petroleum and natural gas extraction'. However, between 2008 and 2010 the code SIC '09 Mining support activities' was used to ensure statistics were non-disclosive. The difference between statistics using the different SIC codes is insignificant, but it is important to note the change in coverage of the industry.
5.2 Key economic points
In 2018, oil and gas support services generated £1,798 million GVA: accounting for 1.25% of the overall Scottish economy GVA and 42% of the marine economy GVA. Oil and gas support services provided employment for 16,600 people (headcount), 0.63% of the total Scottish employment and 22% of the marine economy employment.
5.3 Oil and gas services - trends
The oil and gas support services GVA has declined by 40% since 2009, and between 2017 and 2018 GVA decreased by 17% (adjusted to 2018 prices).
From 2009 to 2018, employment decreased by 9%, and it fell by 7% between 2017 and 2018.
|Year||GVA||Turnover||Employment||GVA Per Head|
* SABS categories changed between 2010 and 2011. See introduction to this section and Annex B section 17.7.
Geographic breakdown of oil and gas services is not readily available.