Publication - Research and analysis

'Your Scotland, Your Referendum': An Analysis of Consultation Responses

Published: 23 Oct 2012
Part of:
Research
ISBN:
9781782561880

This report presents the analysis of responses to the 'Your Scotland, Your Referendum' consultation on proposals for a referendum on Scottish independence. The consultation closed on 11 May 2012.

78 page PDF

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78 page PDF

815.1 kB

Contents
'Your Scotland, Your Referendum': An Analysis of Consultation Responses
ANNEX 3: QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS AND TABLES

78 page PDF

815.1 kB

ANNEX 3: QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS AND TABLES

This Annex provides information about the quantitative coding frameworks for Questions (or parts of Questions) 1, 2, 3, 6 and 7. In particular, this section includes details of how respondents' comments were classified in relation to agreement or disagreement with the following issues:

  • The proposed referendum question (Question 1)
  • The proposed timetable (Question 2)
  • The issue of whether a second question should be included in the referendum (Question 3)
  • The issue of Saturday voting (Question 6)
  • Whether the franchise should be extended to include 16 and 17 year olds (Question 7).

As has previously been stated in Chapter 3, the consultation document did not ask respondents to specifically say whether they agreed or disagreed with these proposals. Rather respondents were asked open-ended questions: 'What are your views about X?'.

Therefore, the comments that have been received did not always lend themselves to categorisation on the basis of agreement or disagreement. In some cases respondents explicitly stated their agreement / disagreement; in other cases, their agreement / disagreement had to be inferred. However, in still other cases it was not possible to determine whether they agreed or disagreed at all.

A coding framework was developed for each of the questions to reflect the comments submitted to each.

Question 1: What are your views on the referendum question?

Six quantitative categories were used:

  • Definite agreement: Respondent made a comment which clearly indicates that they are satisfied with the proposed referendum question. For example:
    • "The referendum question is clear and concise."
  • Inferred or conditional agreement: Respondent made a comment which can be inferred as agreeing with the proposed referendum question. This category includes comments in which the respondent made a positive comment, but also suggested an amendment (usually minor) to the question. For example:
    • "The question is good, but would prefer to change 'country' to 'nation'".
  • Disagreement: Respondent made a comment which either indicates clear disagreement, or for which disagreement with the proposed referendum question is implied. For example:
    • "The question is biased in favour of a yes response. Change it to 'Should Scotland be independent?'"
  • Mixed or unclear views: Respondent made a comment about the question, but it could not be classified as agreement or disagreement. In many cases, this is because they made both positive and negative comments about the question without making their own views clear. For example:
    • "The referendum question and ballot paper are clear and appropriate, but the question is leading."
  • Other comment: Respondent made a comment which was not about the proposed referendum question. (For the purposes of quantitative analysis, if the respondent made a comment about the ballot paper, but no comment about the question, the comment was categorised as 'other comment'.)
  • No answer: Respondent did not answer the question. Question left blank.

A3.1: Respondents' views on the proposed referendum question (Question 1)

Individuals Organisations / groups Non-standard campaigns Standard campaigns Total
n % n % n % n % n %
Definite agreement with proposed question 10,147 58% 40 38% 689 83% 3,300 83% 14,176 63%
Inferred or conditional agreement 332 2% 2 2% 0 0% 0 0% 334 1%
Disagreement with proposed question 6,236 36% 40 38% 22 3% 0 0% 6,298 28%
Mixed or unclear views 818 5% 23 22% 124 15% 700 18% 1,665 7%
Total comments on proposed referendum question 17,533 100% 105 100% 835 100% 4,000 100% 22,473 100%
Other comments (not about the proposed question) 3,020 34 6 0 3,060
All comments at Question 1 (comments on proposed referendum question + other comments) 20,553 139 841 4,000 25,533
No answer / question left blank 645 25 16 0 686
Base 21,198 164 857 4,000 26,219

Percentages may not sum to 100% due to rounding.

Question 2: What are your views on the proposed timetable?

Seven quantitative categories were used:

  • Definite agreement: Respondent said they agreed, or were happy with the proposed timetable. For example:
    • "I think Autumn 2014 is just right."
  • Inferred or conditional agreement: Respondent made a positive comment which implied agreement with the timetable, or the respondent agreed with the timetable, but put conditions on that agreement. For example:
    • "Probably OK if everything can be done properly by then."
  • Definite disagreement: Respondent specifically stated that they did not agree with the timetable as set out in the consultation document - or that they would prefer an earlier (or later) timetable. For example:
    • "Have it earlier - 2013 at the latest."
  • Inferred or conditional disagreement: Respondent stated that their preference would be to have an earlier (or later) timetable, but they would be willing to agree to the timetable set out in the consultation document in certain circumstances or for certain reasons. For example:
    • "I would prefer earlier, but it would be acceptable if the Electoral Commission thought so."
  • Mixed or unclear views: Respondent made a comment about the timetable, but their views were not clear. In some cases, this is because they gave arguments both for and against the proposed timetable without making their own views clear. For example:
    • "I can see the logic of the timetable, but two years of uncertainty may not be good for the economy?"
  • Other comment: Respondent made a comment which was not about the proposed timetable. (For the purposes of quantitative analysis, if the respondent made a comment about the voting arrangements, but no comment about the proposed timetable, the comment was categorised as 'other comment'.)
  • No answer: Respondent did not answer the question. Question left blank.

Table A3.2: Respondents' views on the proposed timetable (Question 2)

Individuals Organisations / groups Non-standard campaigns Standard campaigns Total
n % n % n % n % n %
Definite agreement with the proposed timetable 10,057 53% 63 51% 674 81% 3,300 83% 14,094 59%
Inferred or conditional agreement 604 3% 2 2% 5 1% 0 0% 611 3%
Definite disagreement with the proposed timetable 6,615 35% 42 34% 136 16% 700 18% 7,493 31%
Inferred or conditional disagreement 1,219 6% 7 6% 6 1% 0 0% 1,232 5%
Mixed or unclear views 451 2% 10 8% 6 1% 0 0% 467 2%
Total comments on the proposed timetable 18,946 100% 124 100% 827 100% 4,000 100% 23,897 100%
Other comments (not about the proposed timetable) 1,353 9 4 0 1,366
All comments at Question 2 (comments on proposed timetable + other comments) 20,299 133 831 4,000 25,263
No answer / question left blank 899 31 26 0 956
Base 21,198 164 857 4,000 26,219

Percentages may not sum to 100% due to rounding.

Question 3: What are your views on the inclusion of a second question in the referendum? Seven quantitative categories were used:

  • Definite agreement: Respondent expressed clear agreement with the idea of having a second question in the referendum. For example:
    • "I would welcome a second question because…"
  • Inferred or conditional agreement: Respondent agreed that a second question should (or could) be included if certain conditions were met. For example:
    • "Happy if that's what people want / … if that's what the Scottish Government thinks."
  • Definite disagreement: Respondent clearly disagreed with the idea of having a second question. For example:
    • "A second question muddies the issue."
  • Prefers not: Respondent stated that they would prefer not to have a second question, but would be willing to do so in certain circumstances or for particular reasons. This category also included people who said that a second question should only be used in certain circumstances, or should not be used unless certain conditions were met. For example:
    • "A second question should only be included if this consultation shows there is a demand for it. I would prefer one question."
  • Mixed or unclear views: Respondent presented arguments for and against the idea of having a second question without making his / her own views clear. This category also includes: (i) comments that expressed a (weak) willingness to have a second question, but at the same time expressed concerns or presented arguments against it; and (ii) those where the respondent said they were ambivalent, undecided or unsure about the issue. For example:
    • "Not sure. It depends on what the second question is!"
  • Other comment: Respondent made a comment which was not about the issue of a second question. (For the purposes of quantitative analysis, if the respondent made a comment about the potential voting system, but no comment about whether they preferred one question or two in the referendum, the comment was categorised as 'other comment'.)
  • No answer: Respondent did not answer the question. Question left blank.

Table A3.3: Respondents' views on the inclusion of a second question in the referendum (Question 3)

Individuals Organisations / groups Non-standard campaigns Standard campaigns Total
n % n % n % n % n %
Definite agreement with the inclusion of a second question 5,222 26% 34 27% 56 24% 0 0% 5,312 25%
Inferred or conditional agreement 1,552 8% 7 6% 10 4% 0 0% 1,569 7%
Definite disagreement 11,591 57% 66 53% 163 70% 700 100% 12,520 59%
Prefers not 719 4% 6 5% 0 0% 0 0% 725 3%
Mixed / unclear views 1,138 6% 12 10% 5 2% 0 0% 1,155 5%
Total comments on the issue of a second question 20,222 100% 125 100% 234 100% 700 100% 21,281 100%
Other comments (not on the issue of a second question) 413 16 2 0 431
All comments at Question 3 (comments on the issue of a second question + other comments) 20,635 141 236 700 21,712
No answer / question left blank 563 23 621 3,300 4,507
Base 21,198 164 857 4,000 26,219

Percentages may not sum to 100% due to rounding.

Question 6: What are your views on the idea that the referendum could be held on a Saturday?

Seven quantitative categories were used:

  • Definite agreement: Respondent made a comment which indicates that they would be in favour of holding the referendum on a Saturday. For example:
    • "Great idea! Why hasn't it always been on a Saturday!"
  • Inferred or conditional agreement: Respondent made a positive comment which implied agreement with the idea of holding the referendum on a Saturday, or the respondent agreed but put conditions on that agreement, or the respondent agreed but also made further suggestions. For example:
    • "Certainly worth considering, but why not Saturday and Sunday?"
  • Definite disagreement: Respondent specifically stated that they did not agree with the idea of holding the referendum on a Saturday. For example:
    • "It's always been a Thursday. It shouldn't be changed now."
  • Inferred or conditional disagreement: Respondent made a comment which implied disagreement with the idea of holding the referendum on a Saturday, or they disagreed unless specific conditions were met. For example:
    • "Saturday is already a busy day for most people."
  • Mixed or unclear views: Respondent made a comment about Saturday voting, but their views were not clear. In some cases, this is because they gave arguments both for and against Saturday voting without making their own views clear. For example:
    • "Tricky one - has both its pros and cons."
  • Other comment: Respondent made a comment which was not about the issue of Saturday voting. (For the purposes of quantitative analysis, if the respondent made a comment about other ways of increasing voter turnout, but no comment about Saturday voting, the comment was categorised as 'other comment'.)

No answer: Respondent did not answer the question. Question left blank.

Table A3.4: Respondents' views on the idea that the referendum could be held on a Saturday (Question 6)

Individuals Organisations / groups Non-standard campaigns Standard campaigns Total
n % n % n % n % n %
Definite agreement 6,314 34% 27 23% 3 33% 0 0% 6,344 33%
Inferred or conditional agreement 2,387 13% 20 17% 3 33% 0 0% 2,410 13%
Definite disagreement 4,940 26% 26 23% 2 22% 85 100% 5,053 27%
Inferred or conditional disagreement 925 5% 14 12% 0 0% 0 0% 939 5%
Mixed or unclear views 4,219 22% 28 24% 1 11% 0 0% 4,248 22%
Total comments on Saturday voting 18,785 100% 115 100% 9 100% 85 100% 18,994 100%
Other comments (not on Saturday voting) 1,221 11 1 0 1,233
All comments at Question 6 (comments on Saturday voting + other comments) 20,006 126 10 85 20,227
No answer / question left blank 1,192 38 847 3,915 5,992
Base 21,198 164 857 4,000 26,219

Percentages may not sum to 100% due to rounding.

Question 7: What are your views on extending the franchise to those aged 16 and 17 years who are eligible to be registered on the electoral register?Seven quantitative categories were used:

  • Definite agreement: Respondent was clearly in favour of extending the franchise to 16 and 17 year olds. For example:
    • "Why not - it's their future."
  • Inferred or conditional agreement: Respondent expressed agreement with the proposal to extend the franchise to 16 and 17 year olds, but put conditions on that agreement. For example:
    • "Seems like a good idea, so long as the schools explain the importance of voting."
  • Definite disagreement: Respondent was clearly not in favour of extending the franchise to 16 and 17 year olds. For example:
    • "Terrible idea. They're just children."
  • Inferred or conditional disagreement: Respondent's comments can be inferred as disagreeing with the proposal to extend the franchise to 16 and 17 year olds, or they disagreed unless specific conditions were met. For example:
    • "Do they have enough life experience to be able to vote?"
  • Mixed or unclear views: Respondent made a comment about extending the vote to 16 and 17 year olds, but their views were not clear. In some cases, this is because they gave arguments both for and against the proposal without making their own views clear. For example:
    • "My daughter would love to vote, but some of her friends are very immature."
  • Other comment: Respondent made a comment which was not about the subject of extending the franchise to 16 and 17 year olds.

No answer: Respondent did not answer the question. Question left blank.

Table A3.5: Respondents' views on extending the franchise to 16 and 17 year olds (Question 7)

Individuals Organisations / groups Non-standard campaigns Standard campaigns Total
n % n % n % n % n %
Definite agreement with extending the franchise 9,226 45% 62 48% 607 90% 3,300 97% 13,195 53%
Inferred or conditional agreement 712 3% 15 12% 6 1% 85 3% 818 3%
Definite disagreement with extending the franchise 9,917 48% 39 30% 54 8% 0 0% 10,010 40%
Inferred or conditional disagreement 352 2% 3 2% 0 0% 0 0% 355 1%
Mixed or unclear views 385 2% 10 8% 4 1% 0 0% 399 2%
Total comments on extending the franchise to 16 and 17 year olds 20,592 100% 129 100% 671 100% 3,385 100% 24,777 100%
Other comments (not about extending the franchise to 16 and 17 year olds) 235 3 4 0 242
All comments at Question 7 (comments on extending the franchise to 16 and 17 year olds + other comments) 20,827 132 675 3,385 25,019
No answer / question left blank 371 32 182 615 1,200
Base 21,198 164 857 4,000 26,219

Percentages may not sum to 100% due to rounding.

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Summary Justice Reform: Victims, Witnesses and Public Perceptions Evaluation: Kate Skellington Orr, Jacqueline McKellar, Paul Le Masurier, Shirley McCoard, Elaine Wilson Smith. (2012) (Web only)
Summary available: Crime and Justice Research Findings No.37/2012 (Web only)

Scottish Social Housing Charter - A Consultation An Analysis of Responses: John Scott, Steven Reid and Katy MacMillan, ODS Consulting (2012) (Web only)
Summary available: Housing, Regeneration and Planning Research Findings No.69/2012

Forced Marriage Statutory Guidance Analysis of Consultation Findings: Reid Howe Associates. (2012) (Web only)
Summary available: Equalities Research Findings No.13/2012

Mapping the Third Sector in Rural Scotland: An Initial Review of the Literature: Dr Mike Woolvin (Scottish Agricultural College). (2012) (Web only)
Summary available: Voluntary Issues Research Findings No.5/2012

Equality Duty Revised Draft Regulations Analysis of Consultation Findings: Reid Howe Associates (2012 (Web only)
Summary available: Equalities Research Findings No.14/2012

Review of the Alcohol Sponsorship Guidelines for Scotland: Sara Davidson, Mark Diffley & Kate Sewel Ipsos MORI Scotland (2012) (Web only)
Summary available: Health and Community Care Research Findings Nos.111/2012

"We are Community Builders, Part of the Fabric: A Review of Community Radio: Anja-Maaike Green, Culture Analytical Team (2012) (Web only)
Summary available: Arts and Culture Research Findings No. 9/2012

The Opportunities and Challenges of the Changing Public Services Landscape for the Third Sector in Scotland: A Longitudinal Year Two Study: Stephen P Osborne, Sue Bond, Matthew Dutton, and Elric Honore Employment Research Institute, Edinburgh Napier University Business School and Centre for Public Services Research, University of Edinburgh Business School (2012) (Web only)
Summary available: Voluntary Issues Research Findings No.6/2012

Devolution of Community Care Grants and Crisis Loans: Analysis of consultation responses: Cathy Sharp, Anne Birch and Dawn Griesbach Research for Real (2012) (Web only)
Summary available: Poverty Research Findings No.9/2012

Experiences of Supervised Bail: Carole Wilson (Scottish Government Justice Analytical Team). (2012) (Web only)

Supervised Bail in Scotland: Research on Use and Impact: Carole Wilson and Joe Perman (Scottish Government Justice Analytical Team). (2012)
Summary available: Crime & Justice Research Findings No.40/2012 (Web only)

The Impact of Workplace Initiatives on Low Carbon Behaviours: A Cox, T Higgins, R Gloster, B Foley (Institute for Employment) and A Darton (AD Research & Analysis). (2012) (Web only)

The Impact of Workplace Initiatives on Low Carbon Behaviours - Case Study Report: A Cox, T Higgins, R Gloster, B Foley (Institute for Employment). (2012) (Web only)

RSL Adaptations Budget and Funding Criteria for 2012-13 Analysis of Consultation Responses: Lucy Robertson (Craigforth). (2012) (Web only)
Summary available: Housing, Regeneration and Planning Research Findings No.68/2011 (Web only)

Consultation on the Property Factors (Scotland) Act 2011 Draft Code of Conduct for Property Factors. An Analysis of Responses: John Scott, Tara McGregor and Steven Reid (ODS Consulting) (2012) (Web only)
Summary available: Housing, Regeneration and Planning Research Findings No. 70/2012 (Web only)

Counting the Cost of Choice and Control: Evidence for the costs of self-directed support in Scotland: Kirstein Rummery, David Bell, Alison Bowes, Alison Dawson and Elizabeth Roberts (University of Stirling) (2012) (Web only)
Summary available: Health and Community Care Research Findings No.110/2012 (Web only)

External Review of Alcohol Focus Scotland: Dawn Griesbach & Audrey Mistry (Griesbach & Associates). (2012) (Web only)

Summary Justice Reform: Undertakings Evaluation: Kate Skellington Orr, Shirley McCoard, Elaine Wilson Smith, Jacqueline McKellar and Paul McCartney (MVA Consultancy). (2012) (Web only)
Summary available: Crime and Justice Research Findings No.38/2012 (Web only)

Impact of Bail Reforms on Summary Justice Reform: Kate Skellington Orr, Shirley McCoard, Elaine Wilson Smith, Jacqueline McKellar, Paul McCartney (MVA Consultancy). (2012) (Web only)
Summary available: Crime & Justice Research Findings No.39/2012 (Web only)

Study of the Implementation of a New Community Health Nurse Role in Scotland: Prof. Lawrie Elliott, Prof. Catriona Kennedy & Dr Janette Pow (Edinburgh Napier University), Andrew Rome & Maheshika Mackenzie-Baker (Figure 8 Consultancy) & Dr Margaret Currie (Centre for Rural Health, UHI Millennium Institute). (2012) (Web only)
Summary available: Health and Community Care Research Findings No.112/2012 (Web only)

Scottish GP Patient Experience Survey 2009/10, Volume 3: Findings from the Analysis of Patient Comments: Louise Sinclair (2012 (Web only)

Evaluation of the Local Authority Housing Hubs Approach: Ipsos MORI Scotland and Mandy Littlewood (Social Research and Consulting). (2012) (Web only)
Summary available: Housing, Regeneration and Planning Research Findings No.71/2012 (Web only)

Maximising the Benefit of Local Authority Hubs Approach: Best Practice Checklist: Ipsos MORI. (2012) (Web only)

A Study of Medical Negligence Claiming in Scotland: Frank Stephen, Angela Melville and Tammy Krause (School of Law, University of Manchester). (2012) (Web only)
Summary available: Health and Community Care Research Findings No.113/2012 (Web only)

Housing Support for Homeless Households: Analysis of Consultation Findings: Reid Howie Associates. (2012) (Web only)
Summary available: Housing, Regeneration and Planning Research Findings No.72/2012 (Web only)

Evaluation of the Family Nurse Partnership Programme in NHS Lothian, Scotland: 2nd Report - Late Pregnancy and Postpartum: Rachel Ormston and Susan McConville (ScotCen Social Research) and Jacki Gordon (Jacki Gordon Associates). (2012) (Web only)

Uncertain Legacies: Resilience and Institutional Child Abuse: A Literature Review: Ellie Conway (PhD Student, Scottish Government Health Analytical Services). (2012 (Web only)
Summary available: Health and Community Care Research Findings No.114/2012 (Web only)

Scottish Social Attitudes Survey 2011: Core Module - Attitudes to Government, The Economy and Public Services in Scotland: Rachel Ormston and Susan Reid: ScotCen Social Research. (2012) (Web only)

Evaluation of Integrated Resource Framework Test Sites: Roderick Ferguson (Fortuno Consulting Limited); Marian Craig (Falcon Craig Consulting); Janet Biggar (Janet Biggar Consulting); Andrew Walker (University of Glasgow); Ailsa Stewart (Glasgow School of Social Work); Sally Wyke (University of Glasgow). (2012) (Web only)
Summary available: Health and Community Care Research Findings No.115/2012 (Web only)

Tenant Information Packs: Analysis of Consultation Reponses: Linda Nicholson (The Research Shop). (2012) (Web only)
Summary available: Housing, Regeneration and Planning Research Findings No.73/2012 (Web only)

Overview of Evidence on Land Reform in Scotland: Rural Analytical Unit. (2012) (Web only)

Registration of Civil Partnerships, Same Sex Marriage: Consultation Analysis: Lucy Robertson (Craigforth). (2012) (Web only)

Evaluation of the Reforms to Summary Criminal Legal Assistance and Disclosure: Paul Bradshaw and Clare Sharp (Scottish Centre for Social Research), Pete Duff (University of Aberdeen), Cyrus Tata (University of Strathclyde), Monica Barry (Independent Consultant), Mary Munro (Independent Consultant), Paul McCrone (King's College London). (2012) (web only)
Summary available: Crime and Justice Research Findings No.43/2012 (Web only)

Further information on any of the above is available by contacting:
Dissemination Officer
3WR
St Andrew's House
Regent Road
Edinburgh EH1 3DG

Email: socialresearch@scotland.gsi.gov.uk

Or by accessing the website:

http://www.scotland.gov.uk/socialresearch


Contact

Email: Alison Stout