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Assessing Legacy 2014

Legacy 2014

In the summer of 2014, Scotland aimed to ‘host a successful, safe and secure XX Commonwealth Games that delivers a lasting legacy for the whole of Scotland and maximises the opportunities before, during and after the Games in 2014'.

In 2009, the Scottish Government and a wide range of partners developed a Scotland-wide games legacy plan to realise this vision. This set out their collective ambitions for achieving a lasting legacy for Scotland and the people of Scotland. The plan was published as A Games Legacy for Scotland. This plan covers a ten-year period to 2019 and is set around four national themes: Flourishing, Active, Connected and Sustainable. Embedded within each theme are the five underpinning principles of: enabling diversity; ensuring equality; enhancing partnerships; encouraging community engagement; and embedding sustainability.

This section of the Scottish Government website tracks the progress of these legacy ambitions through:

  • key evaluation reports and other research publications,
  • a set of outcome indicators and
  • an overview of the Legacy 2014 national programmes and Supporting Legacy 2014 projects, which have been put in place to help achieve the legacy outcomes.

Key publications

The Scottish Government (SG) and partners are committed to a transparent and long term evaluation of legacy – to generate learning for Parliament, Games partners, future bidders and hosts, and to add significantly to the evidence base internationally on major sporting events and legacy. These findings have already been extensively used by SG and partners for legacy planning.

Key publications will comprise the evaluation of the 2014 Glasgow Commonwealth Games with reports continueing to be published until 2019 when the evaluation finishes.This includes national level evaluation reports, the first published in 2012 and the last due to be published in 2019. Published reports are available below.

Other key research reports regarding the Commonwealth Games also available include literature reviews, results of the GoWell East longitudinal study, the XX Commonwealth Games Highlights Report and other key findings.

National evaluation reports
Literature reviews
Longitudinal research
XX Commonwealth Games Highlights Report

Outcome Indicators

Outcome indicators give us a broad picture of how we are progressing against legacy outcomes, as well as helping to address some of the key research questions which will be answered as part of the Games Legacy Evaluation. The research questions are available in the following publication: An Evaluation of the Commonwealth Games 2014 Legacy for Scotland Report 1: Questions, Methods and Baseline.

The intention is for the outcome indicators to provide a ‘canvas’ or ‘backdrop’ against which the Commonwealth Games preparation, delivery and legacy will be happening. Other components of the Games Legacy Evaluation will look specifically at the contribution of Games programmes and projects.

The selection of these outcome indicators is based on a number of key criteria, including: quality, regularity, disaggregation and relevance. Relevance was an informed judgement about whether these are amenable to change due to Glasgow 2014 Games investment. The spatial level and the time period at which we might expect to see change vary by indicator. In some cases, national or other data is provided only as context.

The indicators will be updated initially on a bi-annual basis in the spring and autumn of each year and annually from 2015 where data is available. The last date that the indicators were updated can be viewed at the bottom of each indicator page. Work has also been undertaken to review data sources not already used in the evaluation: The Potential of Existing Cross-Sectional and Longitudinal Surveys to Support the Commonwealth Games 2014 Legacy Evaluation.

Flourishing Outcome Indicators 

These indicators track progress on how Scotland is using the Games to contribute to a flourishing Scotland – contributing to the growth of the Scottish economy, helping existing and aspiring Scottish businesses to develop and prosper and strengthening their workforce through improving their skills, increasing movement into employment, training and volunteering and improving the perception of Scotland as a world class destination for business, events and tourism.

F1F1: GVA in key sectors F8F8: Perception - exports
F2F2: Business sites F9F9: Perception - tourism
F3F3: Employment F10F10: Business locations
F4F4: Claimant count F11F11: Event destination
F5F5: School leavers F12F12: Tourist visits
F6F6: Modern Apprenticeships F13F13: Tourist expenditure
F7F7: Volunteering and unpaid help F14F14: Hotel occupancy

Active Outcome Indicators  

These outcome indicators track progress on how Scotland is using the Games to help Scottish people be more physically active under three intermediate outcomes: increase physical activity and participation in sport; improve the active infrastructure (people and places); and improve Scottish sporting success.

A1A1: Moderate exercise - adults  A10A10: Active travel to work
A2A2: Moderate exercise - children A11A11: GVA - sport and leisure
A3A3: Physical activity - adults A12A12: Employment - sport and leisure
A4A4: Physical activity - children A14A13: Sports volunteering
A5A5: Sport participation - adults  A14A14: Sports coaching
A6A6: Sport participation - children A14A15: Opportunities to be active
A7A7: Recommendation awareness A14A16: Satisfaction with local sports facilities
A8A8: Outdoor visits A13A17: Ultimate Sports Cities
A9A9: Recreational walking A14A18: Sporting Success

Connected Outcome Indicators

These outcome indicators track progress on how Scotland is using the Games to strengthen connections at home and internationally through culture and learning under three intermediate outcomes: improve the perception of Scotland as a creative nation, producing world class cultural experiences; increase engagement through new artistic, cultural and creative experiences; and enhance young people’s learning and everyone’s understanding and celebration of our and other countries’ cultures.

C1C1: Perception - culture C6C6: Cultural engagement
C2C2: Cultural mood within social media C7C7: GVA - creative industries
C3C3: Memory of the event C8C8: Employment - creative industries
C4C4: Tourist visits C9C9: National and civic pride
C5C5: Public engagement  

Sustainable Outcome Indicators

This set of outcome indicators track progress in terms of helping communities live more sustainably, including improvements to the physical and social environment of Glasgow, in particular the East End, and strengthening and empowering communities. The sustainable indicators are different from other themes in that we mainly expect the influence of the Games to be in the East End of Glasgow. Scotland and Glasgow level data are included as context.

S1S1: Perception - neighbourhood improvement S7S7: Greenspace
S2S2: Perception - local community S8S8: Vacant and derelict land
S3S3: Perception - community facilities S9S9: Deprivation and Population change
S4S4: Perception - community safety S10S10: Quality of Living
S5S5: Perception - crime rate S11S11: Perception - community influence
S6S6: Personal Safety  

Legacy 2014 National Programmes

A wide range of national legacy programmes are being delivered to help achieve the desired outcomes across our four national legacy themes of Flourishing, Active, Connected and Sustainable.

Collectively, these legacy programmes provide opportunities for individuals, groups, schools, communities, organisations and businesses to get involved and benefit in a number of ways. They vary in size and focus. Some are new programmes developed as a result of Glasgow hosting the Games and others are existing projects that are using the Games as a catalyst to expand or to enhance their activities. All are delivered by a number of national partners working closely with the Scottish Government. In addition, there is a range of Legacy 2014 supported projects which are other projects, events and activity inspired by the Games that contribute to the national legacy outcomes. The Scottish Government’s Legacy 2014 website provides information for the public on how to get involved in the legacy programmes or how to become a Legacy 2014 supported project.

There are currently 60 national legacy programmes. New ones may be added if a strong case is presented. The detail of each is contained on this site and progress against each will be updated over the duration of the legacy evaluation period, inititially twice yearly and then annually from 2015 where information is available.

Flourishing Legacy Programmes

FlourishingBuilding business capacity and awareness FlourishingBP Young Leaders
FlourishingInternational business profile FlourishingSecuring major events
FlourishingGlasgow 2014 Employment FlourishingScotland Welcomes the World
FlourishingLegacy 2014 Employer Recruitment Incentives FlourishingPre-Games training
FlourishingLegacy 2014 Scotland's Best Flourishing2014 Food & Drink
FlourishingLegacy 2014 ScotGap FlourishingHost Broadcaster Training Initiative

Active Legacy Programmes

ActivePhysical Activity Implementation Plan ActiveCommunity Sport Hubs
ActiveFit in '14 ActiveLegacy 2014 Active Places Fund
ActiveSport and PE in schools ActiveLegacy 2014 Sustainable Sport for Communities Fund
ActiveGames for Scotland ActiveSupporting Coaches and Volunteers
ActiveBIG 2014 Communities programme ActiveActive Travel

ActiveMytime Active's Healthy Powerful Communities

ActiveHigh Performance Sport

ActiveSpirit of 2012 A18Children's Parliament
A18Street Soccer Scotland A18Young Scot Legacy 2014 Rewards
A18Winning Scotland Foundation A18Get Scotland Dancing
A18Tri-Nations Rugby A18StreetFit Scotland
ActiveShetland Youth Legacy Ambassadors Programme  


Connected Legacy Programmes

ConnectedGlasgow 2014 Cultural Programme ConnectedVolunteering 2014
ConnectedQueen's Baton Relay and Ceremonies ConnectedYoung Ambassadors
ConnectedGet Scotland Dancing ConnectedLead 2014
ConnectedCelebrate ConnectedGame Changer Awards
ConnectedUWS Digital Commonwealth Project ConnectedSupport a Second Team
ConnectedGame On Scotland ConnectedYoung Scot Podium Programme
Connected33Fifty Commonwealth Youth Leadership Programme ConnectedUNICEF
Connected33sixty Commonwealth Youth Leadership Programme  
ConnectedFuture News  

Sustainable Legacy Programmes

SustainableGames Venues and Athletes' Village S1SFA and Malawi FA
SustainableClyde Gateway activity S1Commonwealth Saltire Professional Fellowships
SustainableTransport improvements S1Scottish Sport Futures
SustainableScottish Sport Relief Home and Away Programme S1Police Scotland
SustainableSpirit of Glasgow SustainableLegacy 2014 Commonwealth Woodlands
SustainableSPFL Supporting Scotland's Communities S1GREEN2014
SustainableLegacy 2014 Pilotlight S1Sustainable event management
SustainableDalmarnock Hub Playground S1Keep Scotland Beautiful
S1ASPIRE Dundee S1Stalled Spaces
S1SCDC Games Legacy Community Programme  

Comments and questions

To keep up to date with developments on this evaluation and other Games-related research you can apply to join our Knowledge Hub.

View Legacy outcomes map

Downloadable document:

Title:Assessing Legacy 2014
Description:Assessing Legacy outcomes
File:Legacy outcome map [PDF, 76.0 kb: 09 May 2013]
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